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I think the "Northern" Goss/Gauses came to Pennsylvania from Scotland in the mid-1700s but I don't know anything about them. The Gosses who were in VA as early as 1637 are believed to have been Huguenots, perhaps coming from France via England. Goss is an English surname of French derivation and some Gosses were living in Norwich, Eng. in 1622.
Re: William GOSS/GAUSE I in NC and SC
A Christopher GOSSE who was in Virginia in 1637 may have been the father of Edmond GOSS first recorded there in 1658. Edmond's land in James City Co., VA was escheated; something that often happened to Huguenots. The same land was granted to Charles GOSS, apparently his son, 22 Dec 1682 and left by Charles to his sons William and Benjamin by will dated 12 Mar 1706. William is thought to have been b. abt 1700 - plausable, but no known proof. 2 Feb 1725, William GOSS of Henrico Co., VA sold his inherited land. "Wm. GAUSE" bought 300 acres in Bertie Precinct, NC from John Bryant (Bryan) 29 May 1729. He soon added more land, sometimes paying for it with barrels of tar. Deeds identify him as a planter. "Wm. GOSS and Mary his Wife" were in Bertie Precinct. in 1731. If our William was the only Wm. Goss there at the time, he must have had a 1st wife named Mary. "Wm. GAUSE" sold the last of his land in Edgecombe (formerly Bertie) Prect. 8 Nov 1736 and apparently moved to Craven Dist., SC (now Horry Co.) More about William I in SC later.
Sources: Records on microfilm and published abstracts - details on request. I would be glad to hear from anyone who has documented additions or corrections.