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Re: parents of William Gause I.
Posted by: Richard Bowden Jones Date: April 12, 2001 at 22:09:48
In Reply to: Re: parents of William Gause I. by Sally McNeil of 302

I am glad to see some challenges to material that is not sourced. Speculation is OK as long as it is identified as such. Here is my take on WILLIAM GAUSE, Sr. that may add some new info or sources:


The origins of the GAUSE families of North and South Carolina are unknown. The name appears to be German, but could as well be derived from the Scottish name GOSS, or it could be of French origin. There is a record of a William GAUSE Sr. who, in 1734, purchased land in what was then the Bertie Precinct of NC, adjacent to the Virginia-NC line, from Mr. John BRYAN. The same land was sold in 1735/36, and it is surmised that William GAUSE Sr. traveled south, and settled in the Little River area of South Carolina. As will be seen below, the name BRYAN seems to have followed him.

It is known that William GAUSE Sr., the patriarch of the GAUSE families that were to become prominent in the history of Brunswick County, NC, was present in the NE coastal areas of South Carolina many years before the Revolutionary War. In 1737, he obtained grants from the crown for 400 acres of land in what was then Prince George's Parish, and is now the Windy Hill Beach area of Horry County, between Myrtle Beach, SC, and the NC line. An inlet from the Atlantic Ocean in the vicinity of the GAUSE property was known at that time as GAUSE'S Swash, and is now known as White Point Swash. William GAUSE Sr. subsequently became an innkeeper.

Four of William GAUSE'S sons served in the Revolution.

Some years later, William GAUSE Sr. purchased a plantation at Star Bluff on the Waccamaw River from Nathan FRINK, including his livestock, tools, and household furnishings. There is nothing to indicate that William GAUSE ever lived there, however, some of his descendants settled in the nearby area of Red Bluff, as well as further inland, where a GAUSE settlement and an old GAUSE family cemetery may be found today. The FRINK and GAUSE families were apparently close and later inter-married over several generations

In 1740, a deed to one Ann BRYAN, "a spinster", from William GAUSE, Innkeeper, of "Long Bay of the Parish of Prince George", conveys to her several Negro slaves, furniture, bedding, and livestock. The deed was recorded in Craven County, SC, January 4th, 1744. Ann BRYAN'S relationship to William GAUSE Sr., and to the previously mentioned John BRYAN of Bertie Precinct, is unknown. But it is curious that the first names of the three children that she had at that time were the same as the first names of three of William GAUSE'S children, i.e., Needham, John and William. Also curious is the fact that a later child fathered by William GAUSE Sr. and an unknown mother, was given the first name of "Bryan". The name of William GAUSE'S wife does not appear in any records so far available. It is entirely possible, but very speculative, that Ann BRYAN became the wife of William GAUSE Sr., and that the children named above as WILLIAM GAUSE Sr. fathered Ann BRYAN'S. Adding to the mystery is a Bill of Sale, dated 14 March 1745, fourteen months after the deed to Ann BRYAN was recorded, stating that he disposed of personal property, furniture, etc. These possessions, of course, were not necessarily his personal property. This document is recorded on page 116, book 75A, of "SC Wills, Inventories and Miscellaneous Documents, from 1746".

Other documents recorded are: a Bill of Sale, dated 11 April 1758, for slaves, from William GAUSE to his son, Benjamin GAUSE, witnessed by Needham GAUSE, recorded 3 November 1758, Craven County, Prince George's Parish and a Bill of Sale/Deed for slaves, from William GAUSE to John GAUSE, signed 10 March 1761, witnessed by Needham GAUSE, recorded 30 January 1762. Also mention of Needham GAUSE paying to his father, William GAUSE Sr., 600 pounds, 30 January 1762; a Bill of Sale for slaves from William GAUSE Sr. to John BELL, 10 March 1761, witnessed by Needham GAUSE and John GAUSE, and mention of William GAUSE Jr.

The foregoing documents seem to be the last recorded mention of William GAUSE Sr. and from the nature of the documents, all of which record his disposition of property, it could be concluded that he was setting his estate and affairs in order prior to his death. No will has been located and the date of his death is unknown.END
I will be happy to hear from any Gause researcher.


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