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Edmondsons in Virginia, Essex County.
Posted by: S W Edmondson (ID *****7655) Date: January 15, 2010 at 08:04:47
  of 2590

This large posting is a chronological record of sources and events in the lives of Edmondsons in Essex from the late 1600's to the 1860's. Many who do research on this line might find useful information. SWE

ESSEX COUNTY, VIRGINIA. Taken in 1692 from Rappahannock County which was originally Lancaster County. Rappahannock was divided into Essex and Richmond and ceased to exist. North Farnham Parish was in Richmond County.
South Farnham Parish was erected in 1692 and covered the lower part of Essex, south of Mt. Landing Creek. It had two churches, Upper and Lower Piscataway. The Rector of the parish had open air/brush arbor services near Miller Tavern for those who lived too far from Upper Piscataway Church. The Rev. Lewis Latane, a Huguenot, served the parish from 1701 until possibly 1732 when he died. The Vestry of South Farnham between 1739 and 1779 included James Edmondson, John Edmondson and James Webb. (OLD CHURCHES, MINISTERS AND FAMILIES OF VIRGINIA, by Meade, Vol. I, p. 393).               
St. Anne was a second parish erected in 1692. It became Caroline County in 1727. The Rev. Robert Rose was minister from February, 1725, until his death in 1751. His journal covered the last five years: Jan. 21, 1746, until June 13, 1751. He was executor of the estates of many prominent people, including Gen Alexander Spotswood, the former governor. Rose bought land in Nelson County and traveled back and forth through Stafford, Spotsylvania, Louisa, Orange, Albemarle and Culpepper. The Rev. Mr. Smelt succeeded him at St. Anne and continued until 1758. The Rev. John Matthews served before the Revolution.
Vauter’s Church was built in 1731 on a branch of Blackburn Creek and survived many years, repaired and used again in the 1800’s.
Three churches are in South Farnham Parish today: St. Paul’s at Miller Tavern (started in 1838); St. John’s in Tappahannock, and Grace, near Miller Tavern. Miller Tavern stood almost on the King and Queen County line.

HISTORY OF OLD RAPPAHANNOCK COUNTY, by Thos. Hoskins Warner, 1965, comments on some of the creeks in Essex.
“Piscataway Creek, with some variations in spellilng, has maintained its old name. It was originally called Piscatacon or Pascaticon for a certain tribe of Indians who apparently dwelt upon its south bank. This tribe departed before the coming of the white men to the section. There is no direct reference to Piscataway Indians in old Rappahannock County, but there is mention of Indian fields on Piscataway Creek . It is known that in Maryland and on the James River were Indians called Piscataways; but whether or not they had any connection with this tribe that once dwelt here is not known.
About a decade after the settling of this section, this creek was called Coxes Creek after John Cox, justice, whose lands extended from Piscataway up to Hoskins Creek, and up Piscataway about a mile. By early landowners this creek was sometimes called Crooked Creek.
Piscataway is a goodly navigable creek with many streams flowing into it. Starting up the south side of Piscataway there come first 17. Peter Taylor’s Creek or Foxes Creek at longitude 76 degrees 49’ 30”. Among those who owned land on it were John Beeby, John Busch, Dewell Prad, David Fox and Richard Cauthorn, Ralph Pain, John Cable and Sam Parry.
There are a number of Beaverdam Creeks, one of which flows into Piscataway at longitude 76 degrees 50’ 27”. Among those holding land on this creek were John Waters, Samuel Clayton and John Beebey.
18. There is a large branch that flows into Piscataway from the southeast. It was by many considered to be Piscataway. It took a ruling of the court to fix the name of Piscataway as that of the west branch. The other large branch became known as the southeast branch of Piscataway or King’s Swamp. On this swamp there have been five water grist mills, most of which were built before 1692. The south swamp was also called Green Swamp, Beeby’s Swamp, Webb’s Mill Swamp, Covington’s Mill Swamp, Dunn’s Mill Swamp, and now Essex Mill Swamp. Landowners on or near this swamp were Alexander McKenny, John Lacy, Roscoe Overton, Capt. Josiah Pickens, Thos. Bowler (Bowler’s Quarter), Peter Treble, Henry Woodnut, Edward Hudson, James Webb, Henry Smith, John Harper, Edwards, John Jones, John Gibbs, Richard Bush, Thomas Broughton, Raleigh Sayers, Thos. Toseley, Henry Williamson, Ralph Pain, and Sam. Parry. Beebey’s Mill, also called Bush’s Mill, James Webb’s Mill, etc. was a lower mill on this stream and is now called Essex Mill.”


Index to Marriages of Old Rappahannock and Essex Counties, Virginia 1655-1900 (compiled by Eva Eubank Wilkerson, 1953. Book reference 975.51 E78 w i, Los Angeles Library)
1700.       James Edmundson m. Judith Parr, relict of Philip Parr. Book D, p. 70.
1738.       Mary Edmondson, widow of John, married Gabriel Jones of Orange County, Virginia. Book 24, p. 247 and Book O, p. 45.
1741.       Sarah Edmondson, daughter of James, married ? Townley. Book Box 109, p. H.
1741.       Elizabeth Edmondson, daughter of James, married ? Hay. Box 109, H ?
1753.       Suckey Edmondson, daughter of John Edmundson of Essex County, deceased, married Thomas Wiatt, gentleman, of Spotsylvania County, Virginia. There was a pre-nuptial agreement. Book D26, p. 384. (Orange County, Virginia records show their marriage in 1747, the first entry in the Marriage Book. See Deeds Book 11, p. 79. Which is correct?) He was Justice of the Peace in Spotsylvania in 1762 (COLONIAL FAMILIES OF THE SOUTHERN STATES OF AMERICA, p. 543, by Hardy; MARRIAGES OF ORANGE COUNTY VA , by Knorr, p. 96).
17?? Robert Edmondson married Anna Elliott. Book D28, p. 282. ??
1758.       Anna Edmondson, relict of Robert, married Charles Curtis. Book D28, p. 282.
1761.       Judith Edmondson, daughter of Thomas, married Gabriel Throckmorton. Book O23, p. 406.
1794.       Susannah Edmondson, daughter of John, married Lawrence Lewis. Book D34, p. 64.
1794. William Edmondson married Diana, relict of Charles Evans. (The date of this marriage was years earlier ?) Book O35, p. 455.
1803.       William Edmondson married Elizabeth Banks. Book D36, p. 180.
1803.       Edmund Edmondson married Jane, daughter of Thomas Howerton. Book D36, p. 326.
1811, Feb. 18: Polly Edmondson married Thomas Dyke. Book I, p. 227.
1814, Dec. 19: Martha Edmondson married John Dix. Book I, p. 230.
1828.       Carter Edmondson married Susan, daughter of Anna Vessels. Book D42, p. 347.
1865, Oct. 15: George W. Edmondson married Martha S. Coghill. Book
I, p. 13 ?


William Edmundson, editor of EFAB, wrote in No. 83, p. 46: “Mr. Thomas Edmundson first shows up in the land records of Essex County, Virginia, before 1660.” Of course, Essex had not be created and he meant old Rappahannock County or Lancaster. Does anyone have the source for this claim?

Chronology in Essex County, Virginia

Items below include those in Rappahannock County records which relate to later Essex County.
Feb. 20, 1663/64. Old Rappahannock County Deed Book, 1656-1664, Part II, p. 228. William and Constance Johnson deeded 600 acres on Hostkins Creek to John Grigory. Thomas Edmondson was a witness to the deed. (It is not clear whether this is the same land deeded in 1654 in Lancaster County from William Johnson to John Gregory. From Beverly Brunelle).

Feb. 2, 1666. Thomas Edmundson had married Ann Gregory by this time, from a document of this date in old Rappahannock County. (Published in EFAB, No. 83, p. 46. The editor cites “Book 1663-1668”, p. 70. Does anyone have a more specific source?)

April 16, 1666. John Grigory of Hoskins Creek in the county of Rappahannock, planter, “out of Love and affection I have for Thomas Edmundson of the same County, planter, my son-in-law”, deeded 8 head of cattle to him. Witnesses were Joane Owin and Susannah Meader. Recorded Feb. 12, 1667/68, Deed Book 3, p. 174-75. (From Beverly Brunelle and Sally Giddens Davis). Gregory was a member of the Farnham Parish Vestry.



April 16, 1667. Thomas Edmundson patented 220 acres in Rappahannock County, adjoining Killman, Burcham’s Branch and Green Swamp. Patent Book 6, p. 23. On microfilm, Virginia State Land Office, Library of Virginia Archives. Description: 220 acres lying at or towards the head of a branch, that runs into Ralphs Creek that issueth from Puscation. This had earlier been patented to Neile Peterson, Dec. 2, 1663, and deserted.

August 17, 1667. Thomas Edmundson and Anne, his wife, sold 220 acres to Thomas Gaines and Neill Peterson. Witnessed by John Gregory. Old Rappahannock County Deed Book 3, p. 282. See VIRGINIA COLONIAL ABSTRACTS, pp. 116-117.

Sept. 27, 1667. Thomas Edmundson patented 513 acres on Perry’s Swamp in Rappahannock County. Patent Book 6, p. 149. Virginia State Land Office, Patents 1-42. Description: 513 acres on the south side of the river and on a branch of Puscatwa creek known and called by the name of Mr. Perryes swamp. (From Beverly Brunelle)
Cavaliers & Pioneers, Vol. 2, p. 40. Mr. Thomas Edmondson, 513 acres, Rappa. Co., S. side the Riv., upon a br. Of Puscatwa Cr., called Mr. Perry’s Swamp, 27 Sept. 1667, p. 149, Adj. Robert Payne, over King’s road, to Mattapony Indian Path & c. Trans. of 10 pers.: Peter Helcot, Mary Angel, Robt. Spirman, Wm. Peareman, Jno Hull, Barth. Daw, Hen. Sparrow, Robt. Jones, Henry Archer, Anne Wingate. (These were probably indentured workers who served Thomas Edmundson under the usual conditions for a number of years.)

Dec. 23, 1668. Thomas Edmundson witnessed a deed with John Heyward. James Boughan of Piscatacon in the County of Rappa., planter, for Two thousand pounds of Tobacco, sold to Thomas Traoth of the above Creeke and County planter One hundred Acres of Land be it more or lesse Beginning at a white Oake Standing at the head of the First Branch on the South East Side of the Now plantacon of the sd James Boughan & soe Extending along the Lyne of the sd James Boughan towards the Creek to the End thereof & from thence along the Lyne of Samuell Perry …..Signe by James Boughan with an E mark and Thomasui Boughan with her n mark. Acknowledged and recorded Deed Book 4, pp. 97-99, February 3, 1668. (The year still ran from March to March at this time). The Boughans were near neighbors of the Edmundsons at this early date. SWE.

Nov. 5, 1669. Thomas Edmundson and wife Anne Edmundson witnessed a deed of Robert Clements to Thomas Harper.

Oct. 4, 1675. Patent to Jno Gregory and Hugh Mead, 200 acres, Rappahannock County, for transportation of 4 persons, including Tho. Edmunson. Patent Book 6, p. 166. (This appears to be a late claim for land for transport of Thomas. The alternative would have to be a second Thomas Edmundson in this area for which we have no other evidence.)

March 21, 1677/78. Thomas Edmundson and Thomas Wheeler witnessed the will of James Fullerton in Rappahannock County.

1677-1682.       (Date of this instrument needed). Thomas and Anne Edmundson witnessed a deed. (Old Rappahannock Deeds and Wills, 1677-1682, Part I, pp. 141-42. Provided by Sally Giddens Davis). (This date could help to determined when Anne Gregory Edmundson died. SWE).

March 21, 1677/78. Thomas Edmundson, Thomas Wheeler and James Boughan witnessed the will of James Fullerton. (Wills of Rappahannock County, 1656-92. p. 83). Probated May 2, 1678. (From Sally Giddens Davis).
June 5, 1678. Thomas and Mary Edmondson witnessed a deed from James Boughan to his brothers: John, Henry and Alexander Boughan. (Old Rappahannock Deeds and Wills, 1677-82, Part I, pp. 175-76).

March 15, 1678/79. Thomas Edmundson, Chris. Hargill and Dennis Conners witnessed the will of Thomas Goodrich. Goodrich named his sons Benjamin, Joseph and Charles; daughter Anne; son Peter; daughter Katherine; wife Alice; eldest son Benjamin to be executor. Proved April 10, 1679. Virginia County Records, VI. Rappahannock County Wills. (From Beverly Brunelle)

Oct. 6, 1680. Thomas Edmundson and Thomas Games (Gaines) witnessed a deed. Richard Gregory, of Farnham Parish, Rappahannock County, Virginia, brother and heir of John Gregory late of said county, planter, deeded 250 acres located in Farnham Parish to Thomas Wheeler, wife of Elizabeth Gregory (she was originally deeded the 250 acres on 20 June, 1667, by John Gregory Jr., her brother). The deed states the land was originally granted by patent “to and with other lands to John Gregory, father of ye said John & Richard Gregory containin gin the whole 1200 acres”. The land adjoined Hoskins Creek and John Gatewood. Recorded 6 October 1680. Deed Book 6, pp. 115-116. (From Beverly Brunelle). Thus we see that John Gregory, Richard Gregory and Elizabeth Gregory Wheeler were in-laws of Thomas Edmundson and siblings of his first wifeAnne Gregory.

Dec. 22, 1682. Land Patent to Mr. William Ball and Mr. John Price, 350 acres, Rappahannock County, adjoining lands of Thomas Edmondson….beginning at….to Thomas Williams, for transportation of seven persons….ABSTRACTS OF LAND PATENTS, by Nugent, Volume II (or 11), p.252.

Oct. 2, 1683. Thomas Edmondson and James Baughan witnessed a deed. Old Rappahannock County Deeds, 1682-86.

Dec. 5, 1683. Thomas Edmondson was a juror.

June 12, 1684. Thomas and Mary Edmundson witnessed a deed from Thomas Saddler to Richard Haile/Hayle in Rappahannock County. (Is the date 12 January, 1684/85? ) (We need proof of Mary Edmondson’s family. William Edmundson of EFAB believed she was Mary Haile, daughter of John Haile who received land in Rappahannock County in June, 1668.

Jan. 22, 1685/86. Katherine Edmundson witnessed a power of attorney issued by Joseph Goodrich of James City County to Thomas Edmundson. (Was this woman the sister of Thomas Edmundson, named in an English document? Did she come to Virginia and marry? If so, who did she marry? Did she return to England?)

Jan. 22, 1685/86. Thomas Edmundson and Mary Edmundson witnessed a deed from Joseph Goodrich to Thomas Wood, Sr. Old Rappahannock County Deeds. (From Sally Giddens Davis).

March 28, 1685. Thomas Edmundson/Edmuns witnessed a deed of Richard Haile and Mary Haile to Richard Woarsall. Katherine Edmundson was another witness. Deeds, Old Rappahannock County, p. 163.

April 10, 1685. Katherine Edmundson witnessed a deed from Richard Haile and Mary Haile to Richard Woarsdall.

Aug. 4, 1686. Thomas Edmundson was appointed Justice of the Peace in Rappahannock County.
August 15, 1686. Thomas Edmundson swore appraisers of the estate of Humphrey Wheeler. Deeds, p. 111, Rappahannock County.

April 20, 1687. A patent of 600 acres to Thomas Edmundson, joining the land of Francis Brown, beginning and c. by branches of Mr. Perries Swamp. Patent Book 7, p. 309 (See Land Office Patents No. 7, 1679-1689, v. 1 & 2, pp. 1-719), p. 550. Archives, Library of Virginia (From Beverly Brunelle). Pub. in VIRGINIA GENEALOGIST, Vol. 2)

Oct. 3, 1687. Thomas Edmundson received 100 acres of land for importing Bridget Cumbo and Peter Duty.

November 10, 1690. The will of Francis Brown, Sr., named four godsons: Joseph Edmundson, John Edmundson, Francis Brown, the son of Daniel Brown, Sr., and Francis Graves, the son of Francis Graves, deceased. Each was to receive a pocket bible of 5 or 6 shillings cost.
Wills of Rappahannock County, 1656-92. Probated Feb. 3, 1691. (From Sally Giddens Davis).

May, 1692. At a Court Held for Rappahannock County. Present: Mr. Henry Ambroy; Mr. Henry Williamson; Capt. John Catlett; Capt. William Moseley; Mr. Thomas Edmondson; Capt. Edward Thomas; Mr. Bernard Gaines; Mr. Robert Brook; Capt. John Battaile, Capt. Anthony Smith. (It appears Thomas Edmundson was a Justice of Rappahannock County). …..Mr. Fra. Taliaferro and Mr. John Taliaferro by virtue of a commission from the Honorable Francis Nicholson, Esq., their Majesties’ Lt. Governor of Virginia, took the oath enjoined by act of Parliament, instead of the oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, and also the oath of Justice of the Peace for this County.
(Was this a consequence of the Glorious Revolution, still not fully resolved?)

August 10, 1692. Present: Capt. William Moseley; Mr. Thomas Edmundson; Mr. Robert Brooke; Capt. Battaile; Mr. John Taliaferro.
…Mr. John Smith appeared in Court and acknowledged a deed of sale of a parcel of land to Mr. John Taliaferro to the is real act and deed and the same was recorded. …..Judgment is granted Capt. John Battaile against John Simson for thirty five shillings it being for a case of pistols and houlster received of Edward Crofield ( ) amount of Mr. Richard Taliaferro, and by the said Simson assigned to be paid Capt. John Battaile, it is therefore ordered that he pay the same and costs at Essex.


1692-93. Thomas Edmundson and the other Essex Justices presided over a witchcraft trial. (Need more details).

1693. John Catlett and Thomas Edmundson were members of the House of Burgesses for Essex. Colonial Virginia Register, p. 89. Records of the House, assembled October 10, show John Catlett and Thomas Edmondson present.

December 12, 1693. Court record. (See Virginia Land Records, Gen. Pub. Co., 1982). Mr. Tho Edmundson doth here in Court oblige himselfe his heirs Exrs. & Admrs. to build & finish a good & substantial Frame Court House for this county by the last day of July next ensuing according to the following dimensions (Viz) twenty five foot Long twenty foot wide an inside Chimney a pair of stairs plank’t Chamber & plankt below seven foot & halfe to be raised from the ground three foot, and a seat for the President in the middle a foot higher than the benches of each side of the seat with two good Barrs, three window frames, two doors, to stand upon White oak Blocks, double Rafftered & studded & sealed above & below the said house to be ten foot pitch in Consideration whereof the Court doth oblige them-selves that the sd Edmundson his heires Exrs & Admrs shall be allowed for the same in the next Levy twelve thousand pounds of good sound merchantable tobo & Cask.
Orders, 1692, p. 159. Essex Co., Va.

1696. John Catlett and William Moseley were members of the House of Burgesses. However, the roll for Sept. 24, 1796, shows Thomas Edmundson and John Battaile attending.

Sept. 10, 1696. An Essex County deed was witnessed by Robert Edmondson, Robert X Coleman (his mark) and Roger Shankleford when Th. Waring et al deeded property to James Hubbard. Deed Book 23, p. 203 (From Nancy Wood, 5-23-08). This deed is recorded in Gloucester County as well as Essex? (Could Edmondson’s first name be a clerk’s error? We have no evidence heretofore of a Robert Edmondson in Essex County at this early date).
November 1, 1696. Richard Haile made a deed of gift to his son, John Haile. This was witnessed by Thomas, James and Mary Edmondson (They would appear to be father, son and mother, though it is not certain Mary and not Ann is James’ mother. This suggests Mary was Mary Haile). Essex County Deeds and Wills, 1695-99, pp. 130-131. (From Sally Giddens Davis).

1697. Thomas Edmundson and John Battaile were members of the House of Burgesses for Essex. They attended both sessions.
July 11, 1698. John Edmundson and Richard Covington took oaths as sub-sheriffs.

Sept. 10, 1698. Wills and Estates, 1695-1699. Essex County. The
estate of Thomas Edmundson was inventoried. (Need to obtain this inventory and try to determine why it was made).



Nov. 12, 1698. Joseph Edmundson was given bounty money for a wolf’s head.

Nov. 21, 1698. John Edmundson and his wife Elizabeth sold land to a Smith. (I believe this to be the son of Thomas Edmundson, the burgess and high sheriff, married to Elizabeth Johnson, daughter of William Johnson. SWE)

August 10, 1699. John Smith and Elizabeth, his wife, daughter and heir of Henry Cox deceased complaine against Tho: Edmondson in a plea of trespass and ejectment, whereas the plaintiff Elizabeth, seized of a good and absolute ….estate of inheritance in fee simple …to a tract of land containing 1150 acres lying and being in this County on ye upper side of Piscataway Creek…being formerly granted to Mr. Jno: Cox and by the …will.. of the sid Jno. Cox given to ye Plt Elizabeth’s father Henry Cox in fee simple….yet ye said Thomas Edmondson not regarding the said Plts. Seizen…on or about ye tenth day of April last past into …the said tract of land or some part thereof did by force and arms did illegally enter and the Timber trees thereon growing did with like force fall cutt down and destroy and ye possession thereof ever since hath and still doth wrongfully keep…from the said Plt. and other injuries did then and there offer against the Peace of our Sovereigne Lord the King & and to ye Plts. damage One hundred pounds sterling for which they have brought this suit and pray judgement with costs. ..To which the defendant pleaded Not Guilty ….Whereof it is ordered that the Sheriff of this County or his Deputy sumo an able Jury of the Neighbor-hood…to go upon the said Land in company of Mr. William Gough, Surveyr. Of that precinct on ye Fifth day of September next…..and lay out the same according to the ancient reputed bounds of the Patent…And if they find ye Defendt. A Trespasser that they value the damage and report …to ye next Court. Mr. Richd. Covington is requested to be at yet time and place to swear ye sd jury & Evidences.

Sept. 5, 1699. Report of Wm. Gough, D.S.E.
In obedience to an order of the Essex Court dated ye 10th day of Augt: 1699,….with the advice and direction of an Able Jury of ye sd county, I did survey & lay out a certain tract of land formerly granted to Mr. John Cox, late of Rappahannock County, deced by Patent bearing date ye second day of Febr: 1653……there is contained within ye bounds twelve hundred and two acres of land beginning at a Great Ellmn tree standing on bank of Rappa: River in Coxes Island on ye upper side of Puscattaway Creeke mouth and running up & by ye sd River side 450 poles crossing ye mouth of Hoskins Creeke, thence South West 320 poles into ye woods to two corner white Oakes in White Oake Swamp, thence southeast 130 poles into ye woods to wo corner white Oakes in White Oake Swamp, thence Southeast 130 poles to a great white Oake corner to a Path side, thence So: west 75 poles into ye sd Tho: Edmondson’s corn Field, thence South 32 degrees east over severall small guts to an old marked Pine by Puscatawy Creek side by ye mouth of Johnson’s Gutt, then down ye sd Puscataway Creeke to ye beginning tree Sep ye 7th 1699 finished. (Courtesy of Jean Suddarth, 2007).
(It seems Tho: Edmondson had planted corn on part of the Cox land but the outcome of the suit will depend on additional records).

April 24, 1700. Thomas Edmundson was granted 50 acres for transportation of Sarah Johnson. This was “wast land” or King’s Land, in Essex County. (P. 249, Deeds/Patents?). The 50 acres lay between the land of Mr. John Smith of Gloucester County, formerly the land of Cox, and land bought by said Edmundson of Mr. Robert Yard, beginning near his own tobacco ground fence, to his cornfield, …..
(Provided by Sally Giddens Davis. From VIRGINIA GENEALOGIST, Vol. 3, p. 34).

1700.       Judith Parr, widow of Philip Parr, married James Edmondson. Deeds and Wills, Book 10, p. 70.

Dec. 5, 1700. Thomas Edmondson and John Catlett attended the session of the House of Burgesses for Essex.

May 10, 1701. Bond for 300 pounds sterling. Katherine Grigory as Extrx of Richard Grigory. Signed by Katherine Gregory with her x mark and by Thomas Edmondson and James Boughan. Witnessed by Francis Meriwether and Henry Goare. (Could this Katherine be Thomas Edmundson’s sister, the woman who witnessed some documents years earlier?)

Dec. 12, 1701. Joseph Edmondson witnessed a deed. Essex Deeds and Wills, 1701-03. pp. 99-100.

March 11, 1702/03. Sarah Edmondson married James Boughan, son of Maj. James Boughan. A deed of gift was made by James Boughan to his son on this date. “for and in Consideration of the naturall Love and affection I have unto my Son James Boughan. All my Land and plantation which I now have and hold an don wch my sd son James now dwelleth scituate lying & being on ye maine Swamp of Pescataway Creeke & known by the name of Pescataway Pocoson. But I shall have occasion to use timber for my Mill adjacent to the said Land & for the consideration of the above I grant & give unto my sd son James Boughan all ye stock of Cattell hogs which I now have on & are accustomed to be there upon ye sd land & Plantation & all their Increase & also two feather beds & their furniture Twelve Chairs Two Tables wth what polls and pewter which are there upon the plantation And also two Negro slaves one man & one woman the man slave called by the name of Robin & ye woman Jenny. Signed James Boughan. Witnesses: Salvator Muscoe, Robt. Mosely. Deed Book 10, pp. 136-137. ( Was this a gift at the time of the son’s marriage to Sarah Edmondson?
Other deeds soon after this refer to the son as James Boughan jun.)

March 1703/04. Deed of Gift from Francis Thornton of Stafford County to Francis Thornton Jr of Essex County of land on the lowere side of an inlet known as Snow Creek, Essex County. Witnessed by James Edmondson and Edw’s Aycock. Essex Wills and Deeds, No. 11, p. 214.


July 10, 1703. Deed Book 11, p. 29, Essex County. James Edmundson and Joseph Edmundson were witnesses to a deed from John Haile, son of Capt. Richard Haile deceased, to John Loveing for a tract of 100 acres in King and Queen County, part in Essex County.
(The Hailes/Hales were associated and intermarried with Edmundsons in the 1700’s. Thomas Hale is the first known of the name to settle in Virginia. He received land Sept. 21, 1636, in Elizabeth City County. Richard Hail or Halle was there in 1655 and Francis Hale in 1655. Edward Hale was in Elizabeth City County August 1, 1665. John Haile received 140 acres June 5, 1678, in Old Rappahannock County.

1704. Thomas Edmundson was made a Commissioner of the Peace.

1704. Inventory of estate of Philip Parr by James Edmondson. Tobacco due the estate since the inventory was taken: Elizabeth Gregory, 180. Mr. Thomas Edmondson, 300. Mr. Bindrey, 100. Mr. Robert Deputy, 365. William Hudson, 015. Tim. Driscoll, 009. Henry Nixson, 015. Richard Huchens, 016. Richard Bradbery, 067. Robert Webb, 136. John Webb, 136. Edmond Roberts, 109. John Brasur, 210. John Brooks, 200. Francis Meriwether, 129. Recorded by Richard Buckner, Clerk of Court.

1704. Essex County. Account of tobacco due the estate of Phill Parr dec’d, rec’d since the inventory was taken by me James Edmondson…..Eliz’a Gregory 180…Mr. Thomas Edmondson, 300.

1704. Virginia Quit Rent Rolls for Essex County (VIRGINIA TAX RECORDS, p. 548).
James Edmondson, 500 acres. Thomas Edmondson, 700 acres.
James Boughan, Jr., 150 acres. John Haile, 900 acres.
James Boulwar, 800 acres. John Boulwar, 50 acres.
(Annotations to the Quit Rent Rolls state James Boughan, Jr., who married Sarah, daughter of Thomas Edmondson, died in 1718. James Edmundson who married Judith Parr died in 1734. However, he actually died in 1741).

1704. Virginia Quit Rent Rolls. Essex County.
James Boulwar 800 acres
John Boulwar 50 acres
James Edmondson 500 acres
Tho. Edmondson 700 acres
No Gregory is listed.
(See: VIRGINIA TAX RECORDS, p. 548)

September 27, 1704. Tho. Edmondson delivered a judgement in court in the case of James Boughan Junr. Against Darby Effingham. (County Court Papers, Essex County Court Records, 1683-1728, Folder 9/1704. Virginia State Library). (This would have been elder Thomas Edmondson in his capacity as a court official.)

Nov. 10, 1704. James Edmondson witnessed a bond for 20 pounds sterling made by Nicho. Copeland as guardian of Jno. Atkinson, orphan. Salvatore Muscoe was a second witness. Wills and Deeds, 1703-1706, p. 59. (Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol. II, Beverly Fleet, 1988).

Feb. 10, 1704/1705. James Games, Procheinamy (prochein ami is an old legel term meaning “next friend”, an adult who brings suit for a young child, not his guardian) of Thomas Games, plaintiff, vs Joseph Edmondson, defendant, 190 acres N. Side Piscataway Creek. Mr. Harry Beverly, Surveyor, laid out the land and find the defendant a trespasser. Damages at two shillings. Jury: Francis Meriwether, Foreman. John x Fargeson, Erasmus Allen, John Meade, Saml. Parry, Henry Adcock, Henry x Boughan, Will Journey, John x Brasier, Timothy Driscoll, Henry x Woodnet, Francis Shakelford. Essex County Wills and Deeds, No. 12, p. 82. (From Beverly Brunelle).

May 2, 1705. James Boughan Junr. And John Boughan were granted 200 acres in Essex and King and Queen Counties, “Part of 5000 acs. granted to George Morris, 16 April 1683, deserted & now granted by order & c. Trans of 40 persons. Virginia Patent Book 9, p. 645. (This land must have been on the border of the two counties).

Feb. 16, 1705/06. Essex County. James Edmondson states he owed George Loyd, ordinary keeper, 1250 pounds tobacco which he refuses to accept. Virginia Colonial Records, II, p. 127.

2 April 1706. Another gift to James Boughan Junr from his father. Deed of gift. James Boughan Sr. gives unto James Boughan Junr and Elizabeth Fisher my Son and Daughter 1/3 of 2400 acres granted 26 Apl 1704 to sd Boughan, Richard Covington and Wm. Williams. ….The land about 3 miles from the River on branches of Occupace Creek. Signed by James Boughan Witnessed by John Gaimes, Mary x Wellch, Edw. Farrington. Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol. II, p. 128, by Beverly Fleet. (Another deed was made 9 August 1708 which appears to deal with this same land. An indenture was executed by and between Coll. Richard Covington of the County of Essex, Major James Boughan, Mr. Edward Gouldman, Mr. Benja Fisher and Mr. James Boughan the Younger, all of the same county. Joyntly & Severally Seized of a tract on the south side of the Rappahannock River and upon the branches of Occupacia Creek, to divide equally, Do declare equal division by consent. One part ot Colo. Richard Covington of 1064 acres; one part to Major James Boughan, Benja Fisher and James Boughan the Younger of 1180 acres; one part to Edward Gouldman of 1122 acres. From a patent dated 25 April 1704 to the said Richard Covington, James Boughan and William Williams, the said William Williams his part beign already sold to the said Edward Gouldman. Signed by all parties. Deed Book 13, pp. 120-122. (Benjamin Fisher would appear to be the husband of Elizabeth Boughan, James Boughan Junior’s sister).

10 April 1706. James Boughan Junr witnessed a deed from John Burnett to James Boughan. Deed Book 12, pp. 211-212.

10 April 1708. James Boughan Junr witnessed a bond of Dorothy Henry, James Boughan and John Parker. Deed Book 13, pp. 98-99.

Dec. 10, 1709. Essex County Deeds and Wills Book 13, p. 316-317. Will of John Finney of Southfarnham Parish, Essex County, Virginia. Unto eldest son John Finney my plantation and land I now live upon, only my dear and loving wife Margaret to have the use of plantation barring here from seating or clearing the lower part, to support the bringing up of my children. The rest of my goods to be equally divided between my wife Margarett and my 5 children John, Richard, William, James and Ann. My loving wife being now with child the same child to hav an equal share. My loving brother John Gibbs and my dear and loving wife Marget executor and executrix. Proved May 10, 1710, by Benja. Watkins, James Aires and Samli Coates.

Jan. 22, 1710/1711. An additional inventory of the estate of John Finney was presented to the court by Benjamin Edmondson and wife Margaret, lately Margaret Finney, executrix. (ESSEX COUNTY DEEDS AND WILLS No. 13, 1707-1711, pp. 316-317. Provided by Jack Edmonson, October, 2002)

Jan. 14, 1711. Will of James Boughan Senr. …”I give and bequeath unto my beloved Grandson James Boughan the Son of my Son James Boughan all my Land & Plantation whereon I now live together with my Water Mill And all that Tract of Land that I bought of ye Holts together with my old Plantations wth ye Ippurtences thereunto belonging.” If the grandson James does not have natural children the estate is to go to his other grandson John Boughan, son of the testator’s son James. The rest of his estate of whatever nature is left to his son James who is named his executor. Deed Book 14, pp. 76-77.

March 8, 1711. James Boughan presented a petition to the Essex Court to administer the Estate of his deceased father James Boughan. However, James Boughan the youngest opposed the administratin alledging that the deceased left a will (document had holes in it at this point) that the sd Bouhan the youngest may produce his (hole). Essex Order Book 4, pp. 77-78. (It appears father and son are at odds now over the estate).

June 12, 1712. A case continued in Essex Court, begun March 18, 1711. James Boughan Son of Henry Boughan presents a bill in chancery against James Boughan Son of Major James Boughan, deceased, & John Boughan his brotherand Benja. Fisher. It is therefore ordered by the Court that the said James Boughan (hole in paper) John Boughan & (hole) Fisher be by the Sheriff orhis Deputy summoned, personally to appear at the next Court. Essex Order Book 4, p. 449.

July 11, 1712. Essex Court records state that the petition of James Boughan and Benjamin Fisher to administer the estate of James Boughan is to be considered at the next court. Essex Order Book 4, p. 468.

August 19, 1712. James Boughan, John Boughan, Benja. Fisher, Augt. Smith, William Thompson and John Pickett (Pukett) gave bond for 500 pounds sterling for James Boughan, John Boughan and Benja. Fisher’s administration with the will annexed for the goods, chattels and credits of James Boughan, deceased. Witnessed by Ja. Alderson, Robert Jones. Deed Book 14, pp. 77-78. (It appears the court has set aside James Boughan Senr’s executorship and named his two sons and brother-in-law to administer the estate. SWE).

Oct. 23, 1712. James Edmondson witnessed the will of John Braser with Thomas Russell and Ann Gibbons. John Braser had married Elizabeth Holt, daughter of Richard Holt. Probated March 14, 1712/13.

Jan. 12, 1712/1713. James Boughan, John Boughan and Benja Fisher presented in court an inventoryand appraisal of the estate of James Boughan. Deed Book 14, pp. 93-95.


Feb. 12, 1712/1713. Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol. II, p. 16, by Beverly Fleet. Deed. James Boughan Senr of S. Farn. Par., Planter, son and heir of James Boughan of the same parish and Co., sold to John Boughan Senr. of St. Anns Parish, planter for 50 pounds sterling, 620 acres granted Richard Holt deceased by patent dated 4 Nov 1685 and by Richard Holt and William Holt conveyed to the said James Boughan deceased by deed dated 2 Feb 1705. The land was bounded by Kings Swamp below Piscataway Mill, land of Oliver Seager, land formerly owned by Thomas Gaines and John Morraine, Piscataway Creek, etx. Signed by James Boughan and witnessed by Dan’ll Brown, Tho Ley, Robt Hardee. Recorded Feb. 12, 1712/1713. Deed Book 14, p. 102.

Robert Jones, by letter of attorney from Sarah Boughan wife of James Boughan, relinquished her dower rights to John Boughan. The letter is signed by Sarah Boughan and witnessed by Jonathan Fisher and Benj. Fisher. Deed Book 14, p. 102. Sarah Boughan was Sarah Edmondson, daughter of Thomas Edmondson.
(This land was later subject of a lawsuit in which James Boughan’s ownership of the land was challenged successfully by his son John. It would appear the sale is in direct contradiction of the will of James Boughan’s father by which the property from the Holts was left to the testator’s grandson of the same name and contingently to the other grandson, John Boughan. Complicating the confused picture, Benj. Fisher witnessed Sarah’s letter. ??? John Boughan was brother of James Boughan, both sons of Maj. James Boughan. The suits over this land went on for many years. SWE. )

Recorded March 12, 1712/13. Essex County. James Edmondson and Thomas Bryan witnessed a deed of sale of 620 acres of land from Plunkett Holt to John Boughan Sr., granted to Richard Holt by patent Nov. 4, 1685, beginning at Kings Swamp below Piscataway Mill, adjoining land of Oliver Seager, Thos. Gaines and John Morraine. Virginia Colonial Archives, II, pp. 16, 18. (From Beverly Brunelle). VIRGINIA COLONIAL ABSTRACTS, Vol. 8, 1711-1714.
This John Boughan was brother of James Boughan Senr. and son of Maj. James Boughan, deceased. He was father of Augustine Boughan.

May 6, 1713. Indenture between Richard Long of St. Mary’s Parish in Essex County and Nicholas Ware, Jr., of Stratton Major Parish, King and Queen County, for consideration of five shillings lawful money from Nicholas Ware to Richard Long for 171 acres in the parish of St. Mary’s in Essex County. Witnesses: William Corrington, Jr., Joseph Edmundson, James Anderson. Deeds and Wills No. 14, 1711-1716, Reel 6, pg. 118. (From Beverly Brunelle). This date helps fix the time Joseph Edmondson left for NC.

May 14, 1713. Joseph Edmondson witnessed a deed from Richard Long to Nicholas Ware. VIRGINIA COLONIAL ABSTRACTS, Vol. 8. Essex County Wills and Deeds. Provided by Sally Giddens Davis).

Jan. 14, 1713/14. James Edmondson and James Boughan were bondsmen for Joanna Loyd, administrator of the estate of George Loyd.
(VIRGINIA COLONIAL ABSTRACTS, ESSEX WILLS AND DEEDS, Vol. 8. Provided by Sally Giddens Davis). Jan. 14, 1713/14. Bond of Joanna Loyd as Administratrix of the estate of George Loyd, deceased. Signed by James Boughan, Fran. Moore, Arth. Bowers and James Edmondson. (The widow Joanna Loyd married Robert Elliott in 1715).


Jan. 14, 1713/14. James Edmondson and Joseph Baker witnessed the deed of land by James Boughan Sr., son and heir of James Boughan of Essex County, deceased, to Henry Boughan, planter of Essex County, the land formerly in co-partnership between Thos. Harper and his grandfather James Boughan, both deceased, & formerly given by a deed under the hand of his father James Boughan to John Boughan, Henry Boughan, Alexander Boughan, dated March 29, 1678, original patent dated 8 Oct. 1672. Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol. II, p. 24. (From Beverly Brunelle).

Jan. 15, 1713/1714. Richard Covington and James Boughan son and heir of Major James Boughan late of said Par., deceased, sold to Thomas Gouldman and Edward Gouldman, sons and devisees of Edward Gouldman, their shares of land granted to Covington, Boughan and Wm. Williams, the latter’s share being bought by Edward Gouldman in 1708. Signed by Richard Coveington and James Boughan. Witnessed by Zachary Lewis and Will’m Todd. Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol. II, p. 27, by Beverly Fleet. (From Beverly Brunelle).

Jan. 27, 1713/1714. Feb. 11, 1713/14. Inventory and Appraisement of the estate of Francis Meriwether by Leo Hill, Reuben Welsh and James Edmondson. Total evaluation 1909 pounds, 5 shillings, 11 1/2 pence, appraisers having first set apart the widow’s dower by Mary Meriwether, Administratrix. Deed Book 23, p. 169. The widow Mary Meriwether married John Robinson.

April 8, 1714. Essex Deeds and Wills, Book 3, pp. 27-28. James Edmondson bought 150 acres formerly belonging to Wm. Williams & given by Sam. Thacker to Mary Brooke now wife of Leonard Tarent, from Leonard Tarent, Gent., of Essex County & Mary, legatee in the will of Samuel Thacker of Essex County, deceased.

October 6, 1714. A case brought in Richmond County by James Baughan against Thomas Yeats for 830 pounds of sweetscented tobacco was dropped, the plaintiff not prosecuting. Richmond County Order Book 6, p. 254.

Jan. 13, 1714/15. James Edmundson of Essex County sold to Samuel Edmundson of Essex County for 45 pounds sterling 150 acres he bought of Leonard Tarent, being part of Buttons Rainge, Patent formerly belonging to Wm. Williams, & sold by him to Ed. Gouldman & by his Exec. Mr. Francis Gouldman sold to Mr. Sam Thacker, late deceased, & by his will given to Mary Brooks now wife of Mr. Leo Tarent. Adjoins land of Wm. Howlet and Makim Wright. Witnessed by William Edmundson, Robert Elliot, Judith Edmundson, wife of James, Bryant Edmundson . Power of attorney to James Boughan for Judith’s dower. Deeds, p. 330. (Virginia Colonial Archives II, p. 45)
(Boughan is pronounced like Vaughn).

December 1715. The will of Thomas Edmundson, undated, was probated in Essex Court by Mary Edmundson and James Edmundson and recorded December 12, 1715. See complete text. It names only seven sons, does not name Benjamin.



1715. Quit Rent Rolls, Essex County. (VIRGINIA TAX RECORDS, p. 73) Benjamin Edmundson, 175 acres.. James Edmundson, 350 acres. Mary Edmundson, 600 acres. John Haile, 700 acres. James Boughan, Jr., 150 acres.
(Annotations to the Quit Rent Rolls: John Haile died about 1714-15. His widow Anne married Thomas Cox).

December 12, 1715. Deed Book 14, p. 405. John Dike sold 150 acres to Thomas Bryant on Beaverdam Swamp, adjoining Richard Bush.

January 15, 1715/16. The estate inventory of Thomas Edmundson was submitted to the Court by William Covington, Richard Tyler and Benjamin Fisher. It mentions 87 books, 7 of which were Bibles. See Deeds and Wills, No. 14, pp. 720-728.

Feb. 14, 1715/1716. Samuel Edmondson witnessed the will of Edward Coffey. Deeds and Wills No. 14, p. 669.
June 19, 1716. Eliza Fisher, James Boughan and John Boughan gave bond for 400 pounds sterling for Eliza Fisher’s execution of the last will and testament of Benjamin Fisher. Elizabeth signed with her mark, E. Deed Book 14, p. 582.
Sept. 18, 1716. James Edmondson signed a bond for John Pickett to administer the estate of Jeffery Dyer. Essex Wills and Deeds. VIRGINIA COLONIAL ABSTRACTS, p. 647.

November 20, 1716. An inventory and appraisement of the Homer Rodin estate was signed by Henry Purkins, Ben.Edmondson, John Crow and Wm. Covington, Jr.


1716, Dec. 4. James Edmundson and Benjamin Edmundson took inventory of the estate of Edward Coffy. The Inventory was signed by James Edmondson, Will Taylor and Nicholas Faulconer.

March 22, 1716/17. Essex County. Jurys report on processioning the bounds of Craswells land. By order of the Essex Court dated 19 July 1716 the subscribers surveyed and processioned the land of James Craswell in So. 1670 (?) to Amy Johnson. The land adjoins a little branch of Yorker Swamp. Another part of Craswell’s land adjoins line of a patent granted to John Sharp. Dated 15 August 1716. Signed: Ja. Edmondson, James Boughan Jr., Henry Alcocke, James Webb, Dan’ll Browne, Edward Smart, Wm. St. John, Henry Perkins, John Adcocke, Tho: Bryan, John Dyke, Richd x Dobbins, Ro Brooke Junr, Deputy Surveyor Essex County. Recorded 22 March 1716/17. Wills and Deeds, No. 15, p. 23. (Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol. IX, by Beverly Fleet)

May 21, 1717. An administrator’s bond was signed in Essex for the administration of the estate of William Edmondson, deceased, by Benjamin Edmondson and James Boughan. The bond, 500 pounds sterling, was signed by Benjamin Edmondson, James Boughan, Jno Boughan and John Crow. Deed Book 15, p. 48. An inventory and appraisement was submitted July 16, 1717.

Sept. 18, 1717. Order Book 5, p. 93. Petition of Joannah Smith. Benjamin Edmundson came into court and engaged to make satisfact-ion……for her maintaining the children of Joseph Edmundson…if the said Joseph Edmundson (he being departed out of this colony) does not return by March next…

Dec. 13, 1718. James Boughan witnessed a deed from Wm Cox, Tho. Meedes and Elizabeth his wife, John Wood and Thomas Wood toBryant Edmondson. Deed Book 15, pp. 257-259.

Dec. 16, 1718. Order Book 5, p. 248. Joanna Smith versus Benjamin Edmundson. On ye motion of Johanna Smith It’s ordered that Benjamin Edmondson be summoned to appear at next Court to shew cause if any he hath why ye Order of this Court to last March Court should not be complied with.

On the same date: John Wood and Eliza Meades by their attorney James Boughan & William Cox, Thomas Meades & Thomas Wood acknowledged their Deed of land and delivery of Seizen thereon endorsed & bond for performance of Covenants & c. to Bryand Edmondson which on his motion are admitted to record. (Deed Book 15, pp. 257-259). A description of this property would be helpful.

Dec. 6, 1718. Order Book 5, p. 248. Petition of Joannah Smith vs. Benjamin Edmondon…. He to be summoned.

May 20, 1719. Order Book 5, p. 309. Suit by Joannah Smith versus Benjamin Edmundson…ordered that the estate of Joseph Edmondson in the hands of the Plaintiff be appraised in money…and also the Plaintiff be allowed 16 pounds current money per year for maintaining two children belonging to the said Joseph Edmundson 4 years and she be paid what shall be wanting of the same…out of the estate of the said Joseph in the hands of James and Benjamin Edmondson. (Suzanne Derieux Research Report, May 14, 2005, to Lee Edmundson).
Joseph Edmondson was firmly settled in Craven County, NC, at this date. He died there, his will dated August 4, 1743, according to abstracts. However, a careful examination of the original by Nancy Edmondson Taylor at the NC Department of Archives and History plainly showed 1744. He named children by his second wife Priselow: John, James, Thomas, Mary and Precillow. His eldest son Joseph was of his first marriage. There appear to be several daughters of the first marriage: Eliza. Biggs, Anne Garrett, Sarh Fishpoole and Mary Green. Peculiarly, two daughters seem to be named Mary, one married to Green and a single daughter of the second wife.

March 21, 1720/21. James Boughan witnessed a deed from Bryant Edmondson to John Farguson. Deed Book 16, pp. 280-282.

April 5, 1720. Sarah the wife of James Boughan Senr. of South Farnham Parish, Essex County, appointed her trusty and well beloved friend Robt. Elliott of St. Ann’s Parish in said county her attorney to relinquish claim of dower to 150 acres on Piscataway Creek in the parish aforesaid which was sold by my husband James Boughan unto Peter Godfrey of Southfarnham Parish. Signed by Sarah with her mark (S). Witnesses: Rubn. Welch, Thomas Broocke. Recorded 18 May, 1720. Deed Book 16, pp. 192-93. Abstracted by John Frederick Dorman. (From Beverly Brunelle).

August 12, 1721. Deed Book 16, pp. 319-320. Mary Newton of King William County deeded to Alexander Younger of Essex County for 1500 pounds of sweet scented tobacco 120 acres in South Farnham Parish…on the line of Fra. Browne on the north, James Edmondson on the east, Robert Farish on the south and Alexander Younger on the west. Witness: Dorothy Richsone, Bryant Edmondson. Possession and livery of seizing granted Alexr. Younger, Sept. 19, 1721. Dorothy Richeson relinquished her right of dower. (See Essex County Virginia Records, 1717-1722; Deeds No. 16, 1718-21; Wills, Inventories and Settlements of Estates No. 3, 1717-1722. Abstracted by John Frederick Dorman, 1959.

Nov. 21, 1721. The will of James Boughan, husband of Sarah Edmondson Boughan. James Boughan Senr in the Parish of Southfarnham in the County of Essex being very sick & weak of body but of perfect sense and memory…..unto my eldest son John Boughan this plantation where I now live on…at the walnut point up the Clay path branch to the mouth of my Spring branch whence along the Kings Road ot the fork of a small branch by a bridge thence up the South West that makes up Christopher Smiths old field thence to a stooping red oak standing in Freemans line by the Road…my son James Boughan all my Land on the South East side of the Clay patch branch known by the name of the old plantation…to my son Abner Boughan the remaining part of ye land I bought William Acres & the remaining part of that Land I now live on that is not already bequeathed…unto my two youngest sons Thomas Boughan & Ben Boughan a certain parcel of land lying in King & Queen County known as the French mans Neck to be equally divided….I lend my beloved wife Sarah Boughan ye use of all my lands during her life. I Lend my wife the use of my mill for sixteen years & for the bringin up & givein my Children Scholin…after the sixteen years is Expired I give my mill to my son James Boughan…I …apoynt my Loving wife Sarah & James Edmondson & James Boughan my Kinsman my ….Exers. Signed James Boughan. Witnessed by Danll Brown, Thomas Evit Junr, William (x) Smith. Will Book 3, pp. 305-306. (From Beverly Brunelle)
(The wording sounds like his children are still young though earlier documents would seem to show James and John were probably of adult years).

Children of James Boughan and Sarah Edmondson:
1.       John Boughan who married Cary Caston, b. about 1706 and died May, 1776.
2.       James Boughan who died without issue.
3.       
June 19, 1722. The will of James Boughan, dated 21 November 1721, was proved in Essex Court by Sarah Boughan and James Boughan, executors. . Essex County Will Book 3, pp. 305-306.

June 26, 1722. Land of James Edmondson mentioned in a patent to Robert Forish of King and Queen County and Essex County. (Pub. in VIRGINIA GENEALOGIST, Vol. 3, p. 287. From Sally Giddens Davis).

July 17, 1722. An inventory of the estate of James Boughan was returned to the court by Richard Tyler, John Fargeson and William Dunn. James Boughan, executor, and Sarah Boughan, executrix, signed. Total evaluation: 25 pounds, 19 shillings, 4 pence. Wills Book 3, pp. 308-310.

Dec. 18, 1722. Samuel Edmondson was a bondsman for Edward Murrain, administrator of the will of Jasper Coston. (Essex County Virginia Wills, Bonds, Inventories, 1722-1730. Provided by Sally Giddens Davis)
Dec. 18, 1722. Bryant Edmondson was a bondsman for Samuel, executor of Andrew McColpin. (Essex County Virginia Wills, Bonds, Inventories (1722-1730. From Sally Giddens Davis).
September 20, 1723. A judgement was renewed against Benjamin Edmondson, Sarah Boughan and James Boughan, executors of James Boughan deceased, administrators of William Edmondson, deceased, in a case brought by Paschal Greenhill. The defendants failed to appear. Judgment was for 624 pounds of tobacco and attorneys’ fees. Essex County Order Book 6, p. 20).
Nov. 20, 1723. Sarah Boughan and James Boughan, executors of James Boughan, submitted an account of his estate to the court. Will Book 4, p. 41.

May, 1724. Essex County Order Book 6, p. 17. Ann Stevens, relict of John Stevens, dec’d, came into court & made oath that the said John departed this life without making a will as far as she knows or believes, and on her motion and giving security for her just & faithful admini-stration of the sd decedent’s estate, certificate is granted her for obtaining letters of administration in due form. Ann Stevens, Benj. Edmundson and Thomas Edmundson acknowledged their bond for the said Ann for her just and faithful administration of the estate of John Stevens,dec’d, which is admitted to record. (PAMUNKEY NEIGHBORS OF ORANGE COUNTY VIRGINIA, p. 222, Gateway Press, Inc., Baltimore, 1985. Provided by Ron Winterrowd, 5/08)

This might reflect a family kinship. William Edmondson married Martha Stevens in Abingdon Parish, Gloucester County, VA. He is said to have been born before 1686 and she before March 9, 1689/90. Martha was daughter of Edward Stevens, b. about 1662 in Gloucester County, and Elizabeth Lane, b. about 1666. The marriage of Martha Stevens, sister of Gen. Edward Stevens, to an Edmondson in Orange County would have to be to a different Edmondson. The early marriage might be that of William, son of Thomas the immigrant, of Essex, brother of Benjamin and Thomas above.

May 1-2, 1724. This indenture made the 1-2 day of May in 1724 between Thomas Edmondson & Constant his wife and Charles Breedlove & Mary his wife of the county of Essex….and Thomas Fitzjeffries of the aforesaid county & parish….Thomas Edmondson & Constant his wife & Charles Breedlove and Mary his wife…did grant to said Thomas Fitzjeffries ….land in …Essex containing fifty acres on one of the branches of Piscataway Creek, bounded at a corner Spanish oak…along a line of marked trees that divides this land from another parcel of the same dividend purchased by Wm. Dobyns to Richard Bushes Mill Swamp to an ash near John Stevens plantation and thence to the Spanish oak…..for the sum of two thousand two hundred and fifty pounds of good and lawful tobacco paid by Thomas Fitzjeffries. They do grant the …fifty acres it being a part of a patent of 189 acres formerly granted to Mr. Jno. Webster deceased and doth noe of right belong to Constant Edmondson and Mary Breedlove as heirs from Mary Webb deceased, daughter of the aforesaid John Webster.
Signed: Thomas Edmondson, Constant Edmondson, Charles Breed-love, Mary Breedlove.
At a court held for Essex County, 19th day of May 1724. Thomas Edmondson & Constant his wife and Charles Breedlove & Mary his wife (the said Constant and Mary being first privily examined) acknowledged their lease and release which is admitted to record.
In presence of William Covington, Thomas Crow, James Atkins.
(Deed Abstracts, Essex County, 1721-1724, by Sparacio. Courtesy of Jean Suddarth, 2007).
Fifty acres of this patent were sold the next year by Judith Dykes and Anne Bowler. Both were daughters of Philip Parr and Judith Allaman Parr and stepdaughters of Thomas Edmondson.

June 16, 1724. Essex County Order Book 6, p. 151. Thomas Edmondson was given license to keep an ordinary at Saunders’ ordinary. He gave bond as an innkeeper.

June 17, 1724. Essex County Order Book 1723-25, p. 167. In the action on the case brought by Nathl. Sanders against Jno. Griggs it is ordered that James Edmondson, Alexr Younger & John Haile or any two of them audit and settle the accounts between the Plaintiff and Defendt. and make their report to ye next Court.

July 22, 1724. William Gray and Thomas Dunn made bond to James Boughan and Sarah Boughan for 16 pounds sterling. Whereas judgement being this day given in Court unto James Boughan and Sarah Boughan, executors of James Boughan deceased against William Gray, and whereas William Gray had an appeal granted him to the 8th day next Genl Court he gives security. Signed by William Gray and Thomas Dunn. Witnessed by W. Beverly. Recorded same day. Deed Book 17, p. 319.

March 14, 1725. Bryant Edmonson and his wife Mary deeded land to John Croxton. Essex Deed Book 18, pp. 166-67. (From Sally Giddens Davis).
March 15, 1725/26. Benjamin Edmondson and John Edmondson were bondsmen for Samuel Edmondson as executor of the estate of John Anthony. (Essex County Virginia Wills, Bonds, Inventories, 1722-1730. Provided by Sally Giddens Davis).

March 29, 1725. Deed Book 18, pp. 120-125. John Dyke (Dike) sold 150 acres on the south side of the Rappahannock River to John Evans. The land formerly belonged to Mr. Thomas Edmunds, deceased.
The next day, John Dike obtained use of 50 acres of the land “To hold the said 50 acres unto the said John Dyke his heirs from the day thereof for and during the natural life of Mrs. Judith Edmondson, wife of James Edmondson of said County who being the mother of the said John Dikes now present wife….(Deed Abstracts of Essex County, Virginia, 1724-1728, pp. 30-31. Hampton Library). John Dike’s wife was a daughter of Judith Alleman Parr Edmondson of her first marriage to Phillip Parr).

August 11, 1725. The will of Alexander Younger was witnessed by John Haile, Bryant Edmondson and Francis Kile. It was proved July 18, 1727. Essex Order Book 1725-1729, Part I. Last will of Alexander Younger proved by oaths of John Haile and Bryant Edmondson.

May 23, 1726. Middlesex Marriages. James Edmondson, Jr., and Christian Gregory. (From Lee Edmundson).

July 18, 1727. Essex County Order Book, Part I, p. 129. The last will of Alexander Younger was probated by Rebecca Younger, attested by John Haile and Bryant Edmondson. Probate approved. Bond made by Rebecca Younger, Thos. Covington and Richard Jones, planter.
The court ordered James Edmondson, Henry Boughan, John Haile and Willm. Gatewood or any three of them to appraise the estate.

Nov. 21, 1727. Will of Benjamin Edmondson of South Farnham Parish was proved in Essex by the executor and witnesses. Will dated Nov. 23, 1726. “being sick in body”. Unto my son Thomas Edmondson all my land. My son Thomas Edmondson shall pay unto my two sons Benja. Edmondson and Upton Edmondson 8 pounds current money a piece when they come to age. To Margit my wife my hole estate durin hur life and after hur death equally among my fore children Thomas Edmondson and Benja. Edmondson and Upton Edmondson and Mary Edmondson. Benjamin and Upton were under 21). Wife Margit holy executor during her life and after hur decease my tow loving brothers John Edmondson and Thomas Edmondson exceters . My daughter Mary Edmondson one Negro girl Sue.
Benja. Edmondson
Witnessed by Tho. Williamson, Evan (X) Davis, James (L) Finey. (See Essex County Wills, Bonds, Inventories, No. 4, 1722-1730. Provided by Jack Edmonson, Oct. 2002; EARLY WILLS OF VIRGINIA, PP. 240-241). Benjamin Edmondson was the second or third husband of Margaret Upton Finney Edmondson. She was married to John Finney 12 April 1705. Finney’s will was written Dec. 10, 1709, Essex County, and listed children John, Richard, William, James and Ann Finney, wife Margaret with child. However, of the children, only William and James were Margaret’s. James Finey who witnessed Benjamin’s will was his stepson.

Nov. 21, 1727. Bond of Margt. Edmondson as executrix of Benja. Edmondson. Unto Salvator Muscoe, William Brooke, Richard Tyler, junr. And Nicholas Smith, Gent., justices. For 500 pounds sterling. Securities: William Covington and Henry Purkins, junr. Signed by Margt. Edmondson, Wm. Covington, Henry Purkins, junr. (EARLY WILLS OF VIRGINIA, pp. 241-242).
An inventory was done Dec. 12, 1727, which included five negroes, 4788 pounds of tobacco, and money. (Need details of this inventory).
(John Finey and Margaret Upton were married April 12, 1705, Christ Church Parish Register. The year here must be incorrect, sent to me by Jack Edmonson, as John Finney, son of John and Margaret Finney, was born 1 March 1697, Christ Church Parish Register of Baptisms.
Richard Phiney, son of John and Margaret Phiney, was baptized May 28, 1799, Christ Church Parish. Ann Phiney, daughter of John and Margaret Phiney, was baptized Nov. 16, 1701, Christ Church Parish. William Finney, son of John and Margaret Finney, his second wife, was baptized March 10, 1706. The will of John Finney of Southfarnham Parish, Essex County, dated Dec. 10, 1709, listed children John, Richard, William, James and Ann, wife Margaret with child, loving brother John Gibbs. Proved May 10, 1710, Essex County. Essex County Deeds and Wills, No. 13, 1707-1711. pp. 316-317. John Finney, additional inventory, dated Jan. 22, 1710/11. Presented by Benjamin Edmondson and wife Margaret, lately Margaret Finney, executrix. Essex County Deeds and Wills,No. 13, 1707-1711, pp. 316-317, p. 402.)

Nov. 21, 1727. Bond of Mary Coleman, administratrix of Spilsbe Coleman. Unto William Danigerfield, Salvator Muscoe, James Garnett and Nicholas Smith, Gent., justices, 500 pounds sterling. Securities: Richard Covington and William _______. EARLY WILLS OF VIRGINIA, p. 243.

1727. The Estate of John Dyke, deceased, ……paid Col. William Beverly clerks notes; paid Thomas Fitzjeffries his acct.; paid Sam. Clayton and Margt. Edmondson her acct.; paid William Webb his bill; pid Nicho. Jones his acct.; paid John Edmondson; paid Mr. Leonard Hill his bill & acct.; paid James Gatewood……..
(Who was Margaret Edmondson? Probably the wife of Benjamin Edmondson). Henry and Judith Faulkner were administrators of the estate of John Dyke and made report to the court in 1735. See Essex County Wills, 1730-1735, by Sparacio. Was this Judith Faulkner the daughter of Philip and Judith Parr and stepdaughter of James Edmondson?)

Jan. 28, 1728. Will of William Johnson, Southfarnham Parish. Names son Benn. Son-in-law Jno Edmundson is to pay off debt to Jno. Pickett wnad receive 100 acres. Legacy to Mary, daughter of Peter and Elizabeth Godfrey. Names grandson, William Edmondson.
(Strained arguments have been made that William Johnson had married John Edmondson’s widowed mother Mary Edmondson and thus John was Johnson’s stepson. I see no evidence for this. A record of a marriage of Elizabeth Johnson to a John Edmondson years before supports the conclusion that Edmondson was indeed son-in-law in the modern sense. It appears Elizabeth has died. We have no information on what happened to William Edmondson, the grandson, and it is my assumption he died soon after the will was written. I have no doubt William was a son of John and Elizabeth Johnson Edmondson, probably named for his grandfather, William Johnson. John Edmondson married Mary Boughan soon after this, it appears, and had one daughter, Susannah (Sukey). SWE).


Sept. 18, 1728. Bryant Edmondson received payment from the estate of Anthony North. Essex Wills.

May 17, 1729. Deed Book 19. Thomas and Constance Edmondson sold 50 acres, part of a tract they live on, to Dan Taylor, adjoining Thomas Bryant.

May 20, 1729. Bond of Judith Dike as administratrix of John Dike. Unto Robert Brooke, Nicholas Smith, Richard Tyler, Jr., and Thomas Streshly, Jr., Gent. Justices, for 200 pounds sterling. Signed by Judith Dike, John Edmondson, Richard Jones. (Essex County Wills, Bonds & Inventories, 1722-1730, by Dorman. Courtesy of Jean Suddarth, 2007)

Dec. 15, 1730. Suit in Chancery. Order Book 8, p. 117. John, Betty, Edward & Benjamin Smith, by John Tayloe their Guardian versus Thomas Edmundson Jr & Sarah his wife, late Sarah Smith, Executor of Joseph Smith. (Information obtained for Lee Edmundson from the Essex County records in 2006.)
Other information relating to Sarah, first wife of Thomas Edmundson Jr :

The will of Col. Joseph Smith recorded August 10, 1728, names his brothers John Smith of Bidewell and James Smith of Ireland; his “loving wife Sarah” to receive “one third part of the remaining; daughter Betty, sons Benjamin, Edward & John. Executors: Wife Sarah, brother Benjamin Smith, Col. John Tayloe & son John, “when he arrives to 18 years of age”.
Essex Order Book 8, p. 13. 18 June 1729. Sarah Smith relic & executor of Joseph versus Mary Padgett: debt.
Essex Order Book 8, p. 29. 19 Aug, 1729. Sarah Smith v. mary Padgett. Plaintiff recovers 1 pound, 6 shillings, 11 pence.
Essex Order Book 8, p.37. 18 Nov 1729. Sarah Smith v. Samuel Clayton.
Essex Order Book 8, p. 101. 19 Aug 1730. Sarah Smith v. John Evans.
Essex Order Book 8, p. 233. Thomas Edmundson Jr & wife Sarah to appear…

Feb. 2, 1731. James Edmundson married Christiana Gregory, Christ Church Parish, Middlesex. ( Virginia Marriages, 1653-1812, p. 167). (See earlier entry in 1726, provided by Suzanne Derieux to Lee Edmundson).

Feb. 5, 1731. James Webb, son of James Webb, married Mary Edmundson, daughter of Benjamin Edmundson. He was born in 1705 and died in 1771. MARRIAGE RECORDS OF VIRGINIA RESIDENTS, Vol. II, by Wulfeck, p. 201.

June 20, 1732. Essex Order Book 8, p. 245. Petition of Peter Johnson v. Thomas Edmundson Jr & Sarah his wife.
Essex Order Book 8, p. 245. 20 June 1732. Thomas Edmundson Jr & Sarah his wife …ordered to pay…

January 22, 1733. The will of John Edmondson names his wife, Mary, daughter Sukey, brothers Samuel and Thomas, sister Sarah Boughan. Probated March 6, 1733. Essex Will Book 5, pp. 196-97. (From Sally Giddens Davis).

March 19, 1733. Administrators Bond for the estate of Samuel Edmondson was recorded. Essex County Wills and Administrations, 1692-1800, pp. 211-212.
August 22, 1733. Essex Order Book 8, p. 383. Suit by Thomas Edmundson Jr & Sarah his wife, Exec. Of the last will & testament of Joseph Smith gent deceased v. Richard Covington.

Feb. 18, 1734. Administrators bond was recorded for the estate of James Edmondson, Jr. Order Book 9, p. 74, shows Christian Edmondson, widow and relic of James Edmondson, Jr., was granted administration of his estate. Inventory and Appraisal was recorded March 18, 1734, and apparently a final report Nov. 18, 1735. See Wills No. 5, 1730-1735. Thomas Waring and Thomas Edmundson, Jr., were securities.

Feb. 24, 1734. James Webb, Jr., son of James and Mary Edmundson Webb, was born in Essex County. He married Mary Smith. Their son, James, was born in 1752 and married about 1790 Dorothy Throck-morton, daughter of Gabriel and Judith Edmundson Throckmorton. MARRIAGE RECORDS OF VIRGINIA RESIDENTS, Vol. 2, by Wulfeck.

March 18, 1734. Sarah Boughan was mentioned in a deed when John Boughan sold for 20 pounds 70 acres land on Piscataway Creek to Henry Purkins. The land was described as beginning on the south side of the sd. John Boughans Mill Pond at the mouth of a Small branch of Sarah Boughan, etc. Deed Book 20, pp. 252-253. (This was Sarah Edmondson Boughan, widow of James Boughan. John was her son. Sarah Edmondson, daughter of Thomas, married James Boughan, son of Maj. James Boughan. Tyler’s Quarterly, Genealogies of Virginia Families, A-G, p. 661; Virginia Colonial Archives II, pp. 13, 16, 24, 222).

April 16, 1734. Inventory and Appraisement of the estate of Samuel Edmondson was recorded. Wills No. 5, pp. 236-238, 1730-1735 (Reel 41).

May 21, 1734. Order Book 9, pp. 17-18. Winnifred Edmondson with the consent of the court chose George Stubblefield as her guardian. Bond of 100 pounds sterling was set. On the same date, the court approved Robert Edmondson’s choice of Philip Stockdale as his guardian with bond of 200 pounds sterling. Stockdale might have been an uncle.

May 21, 1734. Guardian’s Bond for Robert Edmondson was recorded. Wills No. 5, p. 256-257, 1730-1735, Reel 41. Guardian’s bond was recorded for Winifred Edmondson on the same date.

Feb. 1, 1735/36. A chancery suit: Winifred Edmondson by George Stubblefield vs. Thomas Edmondson, administrator of Samuel Edmondson. Order Book 9, p. 167. Plaintiff to recover 24 pounds, 1 shilling, 1 pence and 3 farthings, her share of Samuel Edmondson’s personal estate, plus costs.

Order Book 9, p. 163. 17 Feb 1735/6. Thomas Edmundson Jr ….made oath that his late wife Sarah died without a will…..Administration granted.

Nov. 16, 1737. Essex Order Book 10, p. 175. John Gresham and Christian his wife, late Christian Edmondson, vs. Richard and John Johnson. (From Lee Edmundson)

1738. Mary Edmondson, widow of John Edmondson, married Gabriel Jones in Orange County. Essex Marriages, Book D- 24, p. 247 ?

Dec. 20, 1738. Will of Mary Edmundson. Husband, Robert Edmundson. Witnesses were John Edmondson and Sarah Grayson. COLONIAL ABSTRACTS, P. 102.

May 15, 1739. Essex County Wills and Administrations, pp. 180-81. A Guardian’s Bond for Samuel Edmondson was recorded. See Wills Book 6. An inventory was received July 18, 1739. ??

Date ? Samuel Edmondson chose Robert Edmondson as his guardian. Gabriel Jones was security for the bond. Order Book 11, p. 135.

1741. Sarah Edmundson married John Townley. Daughter of James Edmundson. See Book or Box 109-H.

1741 ? Elizabeth Edmundson, daughter of James, married ____Hays.
(Book Box 109, page H ? Published in EFAB, No. 54, from INDEX TO MARRIAGES OF OLD RAPPAHANNOCK AND ESSEX COUNTIES VIRGINIA, by Eva Eubanks Wilkerson).

August 19, 1741. Will of James Edmondson. In the Name of God, Amen. …James Edmondson of Essex… First, I bequeath my Soul to Almighty God….and as to my estate real and personal…secondly, I give to my Son John Edmundson and his heirs…my manner house with all the land I have on the West side of the main Swamp that runs into Dunns Mill Dam. I also give my sd Son John two of my Negro’s Cook and Harry and one horse named Wonton, Ten head of Cattel and the best Bed and furniture Excepting that whereon my wife lies and six of the newest Silver Spoons. Thirdly, to my grandson John Edmondson and his heirs the Plantation where his father lived with all the land I have on the South side of the sd Mill Swamp. Fourthly, I give to my granddaughter Sarah Edmondson my Negro Jenny to be Delivered to her at the age of eighteen or the day of Marridg. Also one feather bed of six pounds prise but if she should die before this Legasie becomes due then its my will that it return to my Son John Edmondson. Fifthly, ….to my daughter Susannah Edmondson three Negroes Dirk, Beck and Plato and the next best Feather bed and furniture….. also Eight head of Cattle ten barrels of Corne Eight hundred pound tobo one horse Colt named Blasd the chest wherein her Cloaths lies and Liberty to live on my Plantation and work her Negroes as long as she remains unmarried and no longer. Sixthly, I give my daughter Elizabeth Hay my Negro man named Walley and twenty six pound cash and six head of cattle… Seventhly, I give to my Granddaughter Sarah Hay my Negro Rachel..
Eighthly, I give to my Daughter Sarah Townly Twenty five pounds cash….Ninthly, I lend my beloved wife Judith the use of four Negro’s Tom Duke Rose and George during her widowhood and no longer…I give my beloved wife Eight Hundred pounds of tobo….Tenthly, all the goods I have in the hands of my Son Thomas Edmondson and Cash that I have in the hands of James Webb I desire should be Equally divided between them Excepted fifty ??? of brown linen and all the white Sheeting and twenty two yards of Negroe’s Cotten which is for my famileys use and twelve yards of Cheek Linen…Eleventhly, I give to my son Jno Edmondson all my Cash and Cash accts and Tobo & plate ? not disposed of in my will…. Twelfthly, I lend my beloved wife all the Remainder of my household Estate not disposed of as long as she remains a Widow and after my sd wifes decease or marring again I give George and Rose and my Lent Estate to my Son John Edmondson and Tom to my daughter Susannah and Duke to my Daughter Elizabeth Hay…….and Lastly I do hereby ordain my beloved Son Jno Edmondson my Executor…. Signed… James Edmondson

Test Thomas Edmondson jun
Robert Edwards
Christian Gresham (James’ daughter-in-law, now remarried).
Aug. 19, 1741.
At a court for Essex County held at Tappahannock, on the 15th day of September 1741, This last will and Testament of James Edmondson deced being Exhibited by John Edmondson the Executor… Thomas Edmondson jun heir at law to the said James came into Court and declared he had no objections to make….the said John Edmondson made oath to the said Will…and the same being also duely proved by the oath of the Witnesses ….was admitted to record.
Test S. Robinson

Elizabeth Edmondson married Isaac Hay, one source says, and then Mr. Hull.

September 15, 1741. John Edmondson and Thomas Edmondson made bond in the amount of 1500 pounds sterling to Thomas Waring, Alexander Parker, William Daingerfield and Mungo Roy, Gentlemen Justices of the peace for the County of Essex, for John Edmondson’s execution of his father’s will. Tho. Edmondson signed Thomas Edmondson Jr. (From Lee Edmundson).

(John Edmondson, grandson of James Edmondson, was half brother of Ambrose Gresham, a child of Christian Gregory Gresham and her second husband John Gresham. This John Edmondson moved to Dinwiddie County. A record there, dated July 26, 1815, was executed by Ambrose Gresham of Halifax County, VA, who for 1 bay mare and $10 discharged Benona Gresham of all money left to Ambrose’s benefit by the Will of John Edmundson, dec’d, late of Dinwiddie County, VA. Benona Gresham was Ambrose’s son. Deed Book 25, p. 485, Halifax County).

Nov. 20, 1741. True and Exact Poll of the Election of Burgesses, Essex County, Virginia. (VIRGINIA TAX RECORDS, p. 78)
Voting for Wm. Beverly: Thos. Edmondson, No. 273.
Jno. Edmondson, No. 241.
Robt. Edmondson, No. 34.
Voting for James Garnett: Robt. Edmondson, No. 32.
Thomas Edmondson, No. 184
James Webb, No. 186
Thomas Edmondson, Jr., No. 157
Jno. Edmondson, No. 158
Voting for Thomas Waring: Thomas Edmondson, Jr., No. 65
James Boughan, Jr., No. 49.

Sept. 21, 1742. Samuel Edmondson was of full age and Robert Edmondson was dismissed as his guardian. No account filed. Order Book 13, p. 68. Essex County, Virginia.

March 21, 1743. Gabriel Jones, Augustine Boughan and Francis Attwood were bound for 1000 pounds sterling for Gabriel Jones’ guardianship of Suckey Edmondson. Will Book 7, pp. 107-108.

1743. John Townley and Sarah his wife of Stratton Major Parish, King and Queen County, sold 250 acres on the Poropotank Creek to John Livingston for 8 pounds. Land adjoining David Wedderburn. Witnessed by: William Todd Livingston. A. Shackleford and George Livingston. (OLD FAMILY PAPERS AT VALLEY FRONT).        Sarah Edmondson, daughter of Thomas and Judith of Essex County, married John Townley. They had Robert Townley, James Townley, John Townley and a daughter. Sarah died about 1754 by one reference.

June 21, 1743. Thomas Edmondson Jr. was appointed Surveyor of Road and keeper of the Piscataway Creek Ferry….for which he would get 1350 pounds of tobacco per year. Order Book 13, p. 195. (Beverly Brunelle). (Son of James and Judith Parr Edmondson ? or Thomas, son of Benjamin? )

Jan. 15, 1744. Bond of John Moore, administrator of Thomas Moore.
1500 pounds current money. Securities: Thomas Edmondson, Robert Spilsbee Coleman. Acknowledged by: Thomas Edmondson, Jr., Robert Spilsbee Coleman, John Moore. (In this document “Thomas Edmondson Jr.” seems clearly to refer to Thomas Edmondson who signed the bond. There were four Thomas Edmondsons of age at this time in Essex).


Aug. 17, 1744. Will of John Haile, South Farnham Parish. Named daughter, Mary Edmondson and five other children: Francis Haile, John Haile, Thomas Haile, Benjamin Haile, Susanna Allen. Wife Mary Haile and son John Haile were executors. Witnessed by James Allen, John Haile (x), and Andrew Allen. Probated Oct. 16, 1744. John Haile and Mary Haile made oath. Essex County Will Book, 1743-1747, pp. 214-217.
(Several of these children moved to Bedford County, VA, and Benjamin Haile shows up in Halifax County, NC, with Bryant and Mary Edmondson. Mary Edmondson was Mary Haile. )

September 13, 1744. A decision was rendered on the Bird’s Bridge Petition in Essex by the justices, including Thomas Edmonson, Junr., William Daingerfield, William Roane, and Isaac Scandrett. All were referred to as “gentlemen”. The petition had to do with a right of way for a road to Bird’s Bridge which would benefit planters south of Dragon Swamp in King and Queen County. The widow Ann Smith opposed the road. The Justices ruled against her.

August 17, 1744. Will of John Haile, Southfarnham Parish. Named wife Mary, executor. Children: Francis Haile, John Haile, Thomas Haile, Benjamin Haile, Mary Edmondson and Susanna Allen. Probated Oct. 16, 1744. (From Sally Giddens Davis. See Franklin County, Virginia, and Halifax County, NC, for later records on these children. Mary Haile married Bryant Edmondson ).

Nov. 23, 1744. Constant Edmondson witnessed the will of Benjamin Fisher. (Essex County Will Book, 1743-47, pp. 327-329). From Sally Giddens Davis.

July 2, 1745. A deed recorded in Spotsylvania County (Deed Book D) records the sale of land apparently in Essex but possibly in Spotsylvania by Robert Spilsbe Coleman of Essex County and his wife Sarah to Robert Cozens. It was witnessed by John Edmondson. (From Nancy Edmondson Wood).

1745.       Estate of Robert Edmundson was probated. If the date for this reference is correct, there were two Robert Edmondsons. See below. Robert married again after Mary’s death and produced one child, Elizabeth.

August 20, 1745. An inventory of the estate of John Pagett was made by Wm. Dunn, James Boughan, Jr., and John Edmondson and ordered to be recorded on this date. Essex County Will Book 7, pp. 357-358.

February 6, 1746. Essex County Will Book, 1743-47, pp. 102-103. Will of Mary Edmundson, wife of Robert Edmundson was witnessed by Robert Edmondson, John Edmondson, William Butler and Sarah Grassom. Mary signed with an “M”. William Edmundson of EFAB stated she was a young woman about 20 years of age. However, she is supposed to have married twice before she married Robert. Her will stated:
“I Mary Edmondson of the Parish of Saint Ann in the County of Essex being sick of body but of sound sence and memory make this my last Will and Testament. First I bequeath my Soul to God who gave it and my body to be buried at the discretion of my Husband Robt. Edmondson, in hope of a joyfull resurrection through the merits of Jesus Christ Christ my Saviour. As to what worldly Estate God has been pleased to bestow on me, I give it all my land and all other Estate real and personal to my Friend, Robert Rose, Clark, and his heirs forever, whom I appoint my sole Executor of this my last Will.”
She died Nov. 19, 1748. Her name is given as Mary Moseley, apparently her maiden name. She married ____French before she married Robert Edmondson. Her will was probated Dec. 20, 1748, and the executor’s bond issued and recorded the same date. The Rev. Robert Rose renounced the executorship and Robert Edmondson was appointed administrator.

July 14, 1746. Deeds Book 24, p. 103. Thomas Edmondson and Thos. Dunn of Essex gave bond for seven hundred pounds current money of Virginia to Thomas Coleman, Jeremiah Shepherd and James Coughland of Southfarnham Parish as the three named became surety for Thomas Edmondson’s administration of “Samuel Edmondson Deceased Estate”. Though Thomas Edmondson is not designated here as Junior, his signature is exactly like that in other documents signed by Capt. Thomas Edmondson. Oddly, Edmondson and Dunn acknow-ledged the bond to the Court on March 17, 1746. A copying error?
(Copy of document provided by Lee Edmundson, May, 2006).

1746.       The Rev. William Phillips of Essex, husband of Hannah Graves, died. Hannah was a daughter of Alexander Graves of Middlesex County and his wife Mary Stapleton, (probably the widow of Thomas Stapleton). Hannah Graves Phillips married Thomas Edmundson after the death of his second wife, Dorothy Todd. Hannah was baptized April 18, 1714, and married Phillips April 7, 1735. (Tyler’s, Vol. 14, p. 53)

Nov. 25, 1747. Susannah (Suckey) Edmondson and Thomas Wiatt were married in Orange County, Virginia. See Deed Book 11, p. 79. Book D, p. 26, 384. She is the only known surviving child of John Edmondson. One known child, Alcibiades Edward Wyatt, b. about 1748, was born of the marriage.

Jan. 2, 1748. Thomas Edmondson witnessed the will of Thomas Kidd. Executors were Philip Kidd and Thomas Cox.


July 19, 1748. John Edmondson was administrator of the estate of Thomas Bowers. People who owed Bowers money included Samuel and John Edmondson. COLONIAL ABSTRACTS, p. 67.
Dec. 20, 1748. Administrator’s Bond for the estate of Samuel Edmondson was recorded. Robert Edmondson was administrator. Essex County Wills and Administrations, pp. 113-114. Wills No. 8.

Feb. 21, 1748/1749. Inventory and appraisal of the estate of Samuel Edmondson recorded. The estate was small, consisting of wearing apparel, a fiddle, a saddle, a horse, 2 slaves Hannah and George, some silver shoe buckles.

Dec. 5, 1748. Thos. Edmondson, Ann Williamson and Phillip Kidd witnessed the will of Edward Williamson, brother-in-law of James Webb, naming Webb as his sole heir. The will was probated Jan. 17, 1748/49. James Webb, Phillip Kidd and Thomas Edmondson gave bond for 50 pounds current money to the Justices. James Webb signed with his mark and Thos. Edmondson with his name. (This would seem to be Thomas Edmondson, husband of Constance, and not his nephew Thomas Edmondson, jun. SWE).

Dec. 20, 1748. Administrator’s bond of Robert Edmondson was recorded for the estate of Samuel Edmundson, dec. No wife or child named. COLONIAL ABSTRACTS, p. 113. Wills 8 (1747-1750). (Samuel would appear to have been born about 1721. His father was probably Samuel Edmondson, brother of John and son of Thomas the Immigrant).

March 21, 1748/49. William Edmondson witnessed the will of Joseph Dimomillo.

April 20, 1749. William and Thomas Edmondson, Sr. witnessed the will of John Evans. COLONIAL ABSTRACTS.

Dec. 4, 1750. The will of Augustine Boughan was witnessed by Robert Edmondson and William Ship. Augustine stated he was very sick. Referred to his loving wife Hannah Boughan, only son “Griffing Boughan” who would receive 300 acres, child unborn, and “my children”. Land at law with John Boughan, suit to continue. Executors: Wife and friend Capt. Francis Waring.
(Robert would appear to be son of Samuel Edmondson and grandson of Thomas the Immigrant. ). From Beverly Brunelle. Hannah Griffing Boughan would later marry John Edmondson.

Dec. 18, 1750. Constance Edmondson, Thomas Edmondson, Junior, and John Edmondson gave bond for the estate of Thomas Edmondson, deceased. Constance signed with her “C” mark. Tho. Edmondson and Jno Edmondson signed as such. The Justices listed are: Thomas Waring, Simon Miller, John Clements and James Jones, a quite different group than presided in 1744 with Thomas Edmondson Junior. The bond was for five hundred pounds. Constance Edmondson and Thomas Edmondson Junior are given as administrators. The wording of the bond makes it clear that no will was available. (Copy of the original court document provided by Lee Edmundson, May, 2006).
Thomas Edmondson would appear to have died after April 20, 1749, probably in late 1750 shortly before the estate was probated and the bond signed).

Jan. 19, 1750/51. The Inventory and Appraisment of the estate of Thomas Edmondson decd. was completed. It was presented to the Essex Court, May 22, 1751, and was recorded. See Will Book 9, p. 67.

July 19, 1751. Essex Order Books show the case of Wright versus Tyler in a suit for trespass for recovery of damages for injury to Wright resulting from the wrongful act of Tyler. It was struck June 16, 1752, Wright losing his suit, with order from the court to Wright to pay Thomas Edmondson 300 pounds of tobacco for attending court twelve days as a witness. This twelve days were broken into 1 or 2 days at a time, month to month as the court met. Not clear which Thomas this was: Capt. Thomas, Thomas son of Glover Thomas, or Thomas Edmundson who married Grissell Coleman who had not yet moved to Lunenburg County.

Oct. 29, 1751. Essex County Deed Book 25, pp. 274a-276. Bryant Edmondson and Mary his wife of Co. of Edgecombe of the Province of North Carolina to Hugh Wilson of Essex County, Virginia, Parish of Southfarnham, for 35 current money of Virginia, 130 acres more or less formerly belonging to James Boughan, adjoining land of John Smith, Thos. Barker to the Westing Branch. Signed by Bryant Edmondson and Mary (M) Edmondson, using a large M mark. Witnessed by Thomas Haile, William Cox, Jr., Henry Harper. Proved in Essex Court at Tappahannock, 19 Nov. 1751, by oaths of all witnesses.

March 6, 1753. Will of Judith Edmondson. Named daughter Consce. Edmondson, daughter Elizabeth Hay, daughter Judith Faulkner, daughter Mary Breedlove. Son John Edmondson to be executor. Mentions her rights in brother William Allaman’s Negroes, if they are recovered. Son Thomas Edmondson. Signed Judith Edmondson. Witnesses: James Edmondson, Thomas Edmondson. Proved 19 June, 1753. Essex County Will Book 9, pp. 236-237 (From Tom Moore via Beverly Brunelle). Bond was signed by John Edmondson and James Reeves for John Edmondson’s execution of the last will and testament of Judith Edmondson.

April 9, 1753. Thomas Edmundson was captain in the Essex County Militia. VIRGINIA COLONIAL MILITIA, by Crozier.

Dec. 18, 1753. King & Queen County, Virginia. Thomas Wiatt of Spotsylvania County & wife Suckey sold to Thomas Edmondson of S. Farnham Parish, Essex County, land in Essex County, part of the land on N. side of Piscataway Creek whereon Mr. John Edmondson, father of the sd Suckey lived and died seized of.

September, 1755. Thomas Edmundson enlisted in the company of Capt. Joshua Lewis for service in the French and Indian War. He was from Essex County, age 25, 5 feet 8 inches, a planter, born in Virginia. (See: VIRGINIA MILITARY RECORDS, p. 380, for the Roll of Capt. Joshua Lewis’s Company). This young man would fit the missing son of Thomas Edmundson and Sarah Gwynn Smith Edmundson. (I suspect he died in the war. Though effort has been made to identify him with various Thomas Edmondsons of the time, I see no evidence for such a position. SWE).

       
Feb. 16, 1756. Drury Dobyns, having moved to St. David’s Parish, King William County, purchased land from Thomas Edmundson, Jr. and Grizzel his wife in South Farnham Parish, Essex County, on part of Dragon Swamp. (This designation of Thomas Edmundson as “Jr.” would seem to be an error, as Capt. Thomas Edmondson in this period was styled “Jun.”
Nov. 14, 1756: Upton Edmundson and his wife Mary of Nottoway Parish, Amelia County, sold to Thomas Edmundson of Cumberland Parish, Lunenburg for 37 pounds a tract of 380 acres, part of a patent to Brodax dated Dec. 13, 1755. The deed was signed by Upton and Mary and witnessed by John Durham and Richard Edmundson. Recorded Dec. 7, 1756. Deed Book 4, p. 348. It appears Thomas and Grizzel Edmundson had sold their land in Essex and moved to Lunenburg.
(Upton and Thomas were sons of Benjamin Edmundson and Margaret Finney Edmundson of Essex. Their brother Benjamin stayed in Essex where his will was dated 1773. He married Sarah. Their sister Mary Edmundson married James Webb, Sr. Their son, James Webb, Jr., married Mary Smith and signed the Northern Neck resolution.

Thomas’s will, dated May 1, 1755, named his wife Gressil Edmundson and son Benjamin, and refers to other children. Will was probated in Lunenburg in 1759.

Dec. 20, 1757. Will of Thomas Edmondson. Will Book 11, p. 228.
(Page 3. …at her disposal. Thirty pounds to my daughter Judith. Thirty pounds to my Son William. Twenty ? pounds to my son John. Thirty pounds to that Daughter surviving of the two aforesaid and the remainder to my son James to be raised ? if paid at the time the Daughter dying would have been intitled to the same. And if both my said Daughters shoue die before they respectively arrive at the age of Twenty one years then I give their five hundred pounds aforesaid as follows Viz. fifty pounds to my L. wife if living to be at her Disposal. Fifty pounds to my daughter Judith. Fifty pounds to my son William. One hundred and twenty pounds to my son John. Thirty pounds to my sister Elizabeth Hays if living to be placed out at Interest and the Interest annually paid to my said sister for her Separate use during her Natural Life and at her Death I give the Principal to her child _____Hays forever, and the Remainder to my son James forever.
Item. My Will & desire is that the dwelling house I am now building be finished & the House moved according to my Intention and the Expenses Defrayed out of the profits of my Estate. Item. My Will and Desire is that when my son John comes to the age of twenty one years that he shall receive a young breeding Negro woman and her first Child at the Discretion of my Executors out of the Slaves herein before given to my Son James, to my S. John and his heirs forever, and also fifty Pounds if so much Remain at the time of the Proffits of my Estate after paying my debts & Performing the other parts of my Will directed to be done and performed before that time. Lastly Of this my last Will and Testament I constitute and appoint my Friends Colo. Francis Smith, Colo. William Daingerfield, Mr. Mordicai Throckmorten & Edmund Pendleton together with my son James Edmundson when he arrives at the age of twenty one years Executors and do appoint the said Francis Smith to be Guardian to my said Son James during his Minority. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this twentieth day of December One thousand Seven hundred and fifty seven.
Tho. Edmondson (L.S)
Sealed and Published the words (I give to him) in the 13th line of the words (If living) in the 24th line of the 3rd page being first interlined. In presence of us who Subscribed the same in the Testators Presence.
John Burnett?, Robert Clark, Hannah Phillips, William Wright.

In Court held for Essex County at Tappa the 17th Day of December 1759 This last Will and Testament of Thomas Edmondson Gentn Decd was this Day presented in Court by James Edmondson one of the Executors herein Named who made Oath thereto According to Law, and the said Will was Proved by the Oaths of John Burnett, Robert Clark and William Wright three of the Witnesses hereto and on the Motion of the said James the said Will is admitted to Record & is Recorded.
Test. John Lee Jun Clk.

April 19, 1758. Will of Joseph Greenhill, Essex County. Transcribed Feb. 2002 by Christine Urban from the Virginia Archives. He provides for the sale of land, animals and tobacco to pay his debts and “remainder of the money give to my two god children John Dunn and Phillip Edmondson for their schooling.” He leaves property to his wife Mary Greenhill and his sisters Elizabeth Greenhill and Angenlinah Greenhill, wearing apparel to Waters Dunn. He names William Dunn his executor. Witnessed by John Rennolds, R. Waggenor, Leah Edmondson (x), Margaret Blake (x) and Joseph Greenhill. The will was proved in July 1758, attested by Leah Edmondson and others. John Edmonson and William Dunn were security for a bond for 500 pounds for the execution of the will, July 18, 1758. (This Philip Edmondson would have to be the young son of John and Caty Dunn Edmondson, not the much older Philip Parr Edmondson, brother-in-law of Leah. SWE )

1758. Anna Edmundson, relict of Robert, married Charles Curtis. Book D-28, p. 282 (From EFAB, published by William Edmundson, editor, who abstracted Essex marriages.) Anna was Anna Elliott. Robert and Anna had one child, Elizabeth Edmondson. Robert left Elizabeth all his estate except Anna’s dower land. Elizabeth married Charles Weeks. Their daughter, Mary Elliott Weeks, married John Peyton. Mary Weeks Peyton had to sue to recover property left to her mother as Charles Curtis had appropriated all of it. Les Studebaker is a descendant. Anna’s probate bond for Robert’s will and an inventory have been checked by Beverly Brunelle, but a copy of the will has not been found.

1761.       Judith Edmundson married Gabriel Throckmorton. She was a daughter of Captain Thomas Edmundson. Book O, p. 23.

Dec. 16, 1761. Essex County Will Book 11, p. 395. At the request of Mr James Edmondson executor of the last will and testament of Thomas Edmondson Gent deceased and of Capt. Gabriel Throckmorton who intermarried with Judith a daughter of the said Thomas, I have this day divided the slaves of the said Thomas consisting of forty seven, first into five equal parts, and then subdivided one of such parts into five other equal parts in order to allot to the said Judith her share thereof and her share of the part devised to the son William Edmondson deceased according to the sd fathers Will.. ..I then lotted the sd slaves so as to make each part as Nearly equal as might be without parting husbands From wives or mothers from young Children in which allottement The following slaves fell to the part of Mr. Thockmorton and his wife to wit…Edmd Pendleton. Recorded Dec. 21, 1761.



1762.       Benjamin Edmundson witnessed the will of Thomas Bridgeforth. Mrs. Hannah Edmondson received a bequest. ( Will Book 12, p. 147. (This Hannah Edmondson would be either Hannah Phillips Edmondson, widow of Thomas, or Hannah Griffing Boughan Edmondson, wife of John Edmondson. Benjamin would appear to be son of Benjamin and Margaret Upton Finney Edmondson and brother of Upton and Thomas who had moved to southside Virginia).

March 6, 1763 (1753). Judith Edmondson’s will named daughters (1) Constant Edmondson (nee Constant Parr, daughter of Judith and Philip Parr, she evidently married an Edmondson as did her mother at second marriage); (2) Mary Breedlove; (3) Judith Faulkner. The following children by her marriage to James Edmondson (4) Eliza, (5) Thomas, (6) John Edmondson. The will shows her half brother William Allman. Judith Edmondson was an only child of Thomas Allman by his first wife. Just who Thomas Allman’s first wife was has not been determined. She could have been a sister of John Webster and cousin of Mary Webster Webb. If Mary Webster Webb married, she evidently did not have any children and outlived her husband, this being the reason Constant Edmondson and Mary Breedlove (the rest of this note is missing in my copy of a compilation from Beverly Brunelle). This information was taken from OLD RAPPAHANNOCK RECORDS, p. 93. The year should be 1753. See entry above for March 6, 1753.

March 25, 1761. John Boughan and Cary his wife of the County of Essex and Parish of South Farnham leased a mill to James Edmondson of the same. Whereas the said John Boughan had leased on 5 January 1746 to Ben Johnson for 21 years a water mill known as Boughan’s Mill, and by Ben Johnson conveyed to Philip Edward Jones and by Philip Edward Jones to Thomas Edmondson, Gent., lately deceased and father to the said James Edmondson and whereas Thomas had conveyed his interest to James, now this indenture in which John Boughan and Cary his wife for 40 pounds current money due on 1 January 1763 and also an annual payment of 20 barrels of Indian Corn, do lease the mill unto James Edmondson for the term of another 25 years. Signed John Boughan, Cary (w) Boughan. Witnesses: Thomas Barker, Hugh Wilson, Josiah Minter, John Boughan Deed Book 29, pp. 23-45. (John Boughan and Thomas Edmondson, Gent., were first cousins, and grandsons of Thomas Edmondson who died in 1715).

May 3, 1762. John Clements, Gent sold to John Boughan for 100 pounds current money of Virginia 100 acres, more or less, in the County of Essex and parish of Southfarnham that belonged to Joseph Man, purchased of the aforesaid John Boughan. Signed: Jno Clements. Witnesses: J. Edmondson, Thos. Pamplin, L. Covington. (J. Edmondson was probably James Edmondson who leased the mill but might have been John Edmondson, his uncle).


March 18, 1765. Suit in Chancery. George Wright brought suit against William Edmondson in an attempt to collect a debt against Thomas Edmundson’s estate fifteen years after Thomas’s death. William was deposed on this date, stated he “courted his present wife” in 1748. William stated the administration of his father’s estate was taken over by Captain Thomas Edmondson (who would have been William’s first cousin through the Edmondson lineage and related, too, through the Parr lineage).
In the depositions, deponents referred to Thomas as “Glover Tom”. His widow Constance Parr Edmundson gives a deposition as does James Edmundson, another son. William Edmondson in his reply to Wright stated the administration of the estate had been taken over by Captain Thomas Edmundson, (a stepbrother of Constance Parr, widow of Thomas Edmundson who was an uncle of Captain Thomas.) Constance Edmondson was deposed. The reference to “Glover Tom” Edmondson was to distinguish the place he lived, the old Glover property, from his prominent nephew Captain Thomas Edmondson. (From Lee
Edmundson)

August 19, 1765. William Edmondson and Philip Parr Edmondson either jointly borrowed, or Philip co-signed with William, 200 pounds 5 shillings 6 pence from William Montague of Essex County. They obligated to pay the note by 17 June 1767 or to pay a substantial penalty. The source I have states a penalty of 400 pounds 11 shillings which seems unreasonably excessive. Montague signed over the note to another party 7 October 1767 who then sued for the amount still due plus the penalty, allegedly in 1795. The record in 1795 stated that James Edmondson was not to be found and had moved to South Carolina. (A deed in 1796 in Pendleton District, SC, shows James Edmondson bought 240 acres on the Middle Fork of Brushy Creek). The details must be checked here. Both Philip Parr Edmondson and William Edmondson had been dead some years in 1795. Philip was living in Charles City County in 1765. Need the original document citation.

1766. James Edmondson was deposed in the case above. He was “aged about 43 years”

June 27, 1766. Livery of seisin. For slaves from Gabriel Jones and his wife Mary Jones of Culpeper County, Virginia, to their children, Lucy Poindexter, Jeane Gray, Elizabeth Green, Dorothy Johnston, and Gabriel Jones, Jr. The slaves were originally part of the estate of John Edmondson of Essex County, Virginia, who was the first husband of Mary Jones. The document makes reference to an earlier deed for the slaves from Thomas Wiatt, husband of Sukey Edmondson Wiatt, only daughter of John Edmondson and Mary Edmondson (Jones) to Gabriel and Mary Jones’ children. (See Gabriel Jones Papers, 1766, Accession 38888. Personal Papers Collection. The Library of Virginia, Richmond).
Biog. Note: Gabriel Jones was born about 1715 and was living in Culpeper County, Virginia, in 1766.

The document, two half sheets, seems to read as a will.
“To all Christian people and all others, I Gabriel Jones of Culpeper County and Mary Jones who was Mary Edmundson, formerly Mary Boughan, wife of John Edmundson of Essex Co having in our possession several slaves by will of John Edmundson (leaves 1/3 to wife Mary, 1/3 to Sukey his present daughter) (m. Thomas Wiatt) 1747-48 Essex County Did give and grant unto Lucy Jones, Jean Jones, Elizabeth Jones (page torn) ……Top of second page: “The said Gabriel Jones and Mary Jones having given and grant the following negros (9) unto said Lucy Poindexter, Jeane Gray, Elizabeth Green, Dorothy Johnston, and Gabriel Jones to be equally divided between them at or immediately after the death of Mary Jones. The said Gabriel and Mary Jones do by these presents….27th day of June 17_6 (page torn). (Mary Boughan was daughter of John Boughan and Susannah Lee/Ley and niece of James Boughan who married Sarah Edmondson, John Edmondson’s sister. Mary Boughan’s brother was Augustine Boughan, mentioned in John’s will. Susannah Lee Boughan married Thomas Bryant after John Boughan’s death and died in 1725. )

1767.       James Webb willed money to Elizabeth Edmundson, 20 shillings, to buy a ring. Will Book 12, p. 268.

January 17, 1772. The will of Lucrecy Breedlove was proved in Essex County. She named no children. Accounts settled with a number of people included Constance Edmundson and Nathan Breedlove. Will Book 12, pp. 445-445 and 551-552. Constance would be Constance Parr Edmondson, widow of Thomas. Lucrecy was a niece.

1772-1774. The House of Burgesses. Essex County was represented by James Edmondson and William Roane. (COLONIAL VIRGINIA REGISTER, p. 190)

Session of March 4, 1773. Essex County. James Edmondson and William Roane.

1773. Benjamin Edmondson, son of Benjamin Edmondson and Margaret Finney Edmondson, is said by the Edmundson account in Vol. 7, Tyler’s Quarterly, to have married Sarah ___ and made a will in 1773 which was proved in 1775. It named: Robert Edmondson, William Edmondson, Sukey Edmondson, Milley Edmondson, Phillip Edmundson. Robert died without issue in 1777. Robert left his property to his mother, “Aunt Peggy Edmondson”, who married in 1785, ____Rowser, and his brothers and sisters: Philip, William, Susanna and Milley. These folks are a mystery.

Dec. 9, 1773. Will of Alexander Smith. Town of Tappahannock. To son Thomas Smith. To son Samuel Smith. Sons Samuel and Thomas are under 21. Half sister Isabel. Brother James. Brother John. Sisters Anna, Jane and Christian. Brothers Samuel and Thomas deceased. Witnessed by Leah Edmondson, Mary Crittenden, William Edmondson, John Sayres, Ambrose White. Proved Dec. 23, 1773. Will Book 12, p. 570.

Aug. 20, 1773. Will Book 12, p. 578. Will of James Webb of South Farnham Parish. Refers to wife, Mary Webb. Sons: Francis, William, George and James Webb. Bequeaths to son James Webb “my land and Plantation called Faulkners and Water Grist mill thereto adjoining.” Daughters: Lucy, Mary and Jane Meriwether Webb. All children under age. Executors: brother Thomas Webb, wife Mary and Mr. William Smith. Witnesses: John Webb, William Edmondson, Jr., and Amy Webb.

Sept. 23, 1773. Letter, Rappahannock, Virginia, from John Edmondson to John Norton, merchant in London. John has shipped tobacco for which he wants a list of goods to be delivered at Layton’s on the Rappahannock River. (John Norton and Sons Papers, 1763-1798, Colonial Williamsburg Foundations Library Special Collections)

October 4, 1773. Letter, Hobb’s Hole, Virginia. William Edmondson to John Norton & Son, merchants in London. William is shipping tobacco and wants goods sent to Hobb’s Hole. (John Norton & Sons Papers). Hobb’s Hole is now called Tappahannock, the county seat of Essex.

1773.       John Edmondson died probably of smallpox. (Record below regarding his estate identifies him as a son of James and Judith Edmondson.

Nov. 15, 1773. Essex County Order Book 29, p. 167. Philip Edmondson was apprenticed to Joshua Lindsay by the court. However, the apprenticeship was not recorded.

Dec. 18, 1773. Deed Book 31, p. 166. James Edmondson, son and heir of John Edmondson dec’d & Katherine Edmondson widow of the sd John sold to Wm Williamson for 226 pounds 12 shillings 6 pence…parcel bounded….corner of Thomas Allen….to John Broocke…corner of Thomas Henry Broocke…small branch…25 ½ acres. Signed by James Edmondson Jr. (This Katherine would have been Katherine (Catherine) Dunn.)

South Farnham, Essex Co., Va.
Winifred Waters Dunn left this deed; "For love and affection, to my daughter Caty Edmundson, the mill, which formerly belonged to my late husband, William Dunn, and Thomas Dunn, his brother, and was lately held by my son William Dunn and John Edmondson, deceased, situated in Matthews Swamp."
Names grandsons James, William, Joseph Edmondson. From Beverly Brunelle, 2009. Date of deed?
____________________________________



Jan. 2, 1774. Letter, Essex County, Rappahannock River, Virginia. John Edmondson to Norton & Son, merchants in London. Advises of tobacco shipments. Exeter Ship Lre. (John Norton and Sons Papers. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Library Special Collections. John Norton, 1719-1777, began his mercantile career in Yorktown, In 1764 he returned to England and his son John Hatley Norton took over the Virginia business. About 1/3 of the papers were published in 1937 in book form. ) (How could John Edmondson write this letter if he died months earlier?)

Jan. 4, 1774. Will of William Edmondson of Essex County. Refers to his loving wife, unnamed. Three brothers: Phillip, James and Thomas. Sister: Judith Mann. Life interest in all estate to wife. To be divided at her death between his brothers and sister. Executors: wife and friends William Roane, John Rennolds, John Edmondson, Jr. Witnesses: John Edmondson, Jr., Augustine Moore, Ewen Clements, Thomas Edmondson Junr. Probated April 18, 1774. Will Book 12, p. 582.
(The witnesses have been erroneously listed elsewhere as John Edmondson, Jr., Ewen Edmondson, Jr. and Augustine Moore. The abstractor appears to have combined two names.
Which Thomas Edmondson was this Thomas Edmondson Junr. ?
Phillip, James, Thomas and William were sons of Thomas and Constance Parr Edmondson. Phillip was living in Charles City County, James in Essex and Thomas in Frederick County. Was John Edmondson, Jr., the son of Thomas and Mary Edmondson who was living in Charles City County a few years later? Their son would not seem to be old enough. SWE. )

January 1774. Philip Edmondson was bound out as an apprentice.
Probably the young son of John and Caty Edmondson. ( From Suzanne Derieux).

April 18, 1774. Essex County Order Book 29, p. 198. Edmond Edmondson, orphan, was bound out as an apprentice to Thomas Wood. Thomas Wood lived near Piscataway Creek at Woodville Plantation. Almost certainly, this is the son of John and Caty Edmondson. One of Edmund’s sons stated his father’s brothers were James, William, Joseph and Philip. (From Suzanne Derieux via Beverly Brunelle). Edmund was a Dunn name. Catherine Dunn who married John Edmondson was daughter of William Dunn and Winnifred Waters. William owned Dunn’s Mill. He died in 1767. John and Caty were half owners of the mill her father left, with her brother William Dunn. Catherine Edmondson’s estate was handled by Wm. Howerton, brother of Ann Howerton who was Edmund’s first wife.

April 18, 1774. Thos. Edmondson was entitled to 200 acres of land under the Proclamation of 1763, Williamsburg, for service in Dunmore’s War. See VIRGINIA COLONIAL MILITIA, 1651-1776, William Armstrong Crozier. Richmond, VA, Southern Book Company, 1905. Who this Thomas Edmondson was is not clear. The Earl of Dunmore became governor after the unexpected death of Gov. Botetourt in 1773. He aggressively pursued the frontier Indians in what was known as Dunmore’s War. This grant was made for service in that campaign, not for earlier service in the French and Indian War which ended in 1763. An earlier Thomas Edmondson served as captain in Essex County in the 1750’s; he died about 1759. It appears to me that the Proclamation which authorized this land dated from 1763 but the service was in 1773-74. Clarification needed. Some have argued this was the young Thomas Edmondon in Capt. Lewis’s Company in the French and Indian War. ???

May 5, 1774. General Assembly Session. Essex County. James Edmondson and William Roane. COLONIAL VIRGINIA REGISTER, p. 196).

May 20, 1774. Tobacco account of John Edmondson to John Norton & Son, London. Account of sales of hogsheads of tobacco shipped on the “Noble Bounty”, Captain Dutchman. (John Norton & Sons Papers).

Sept 8, 1774. ( A record following the Will of Leah Edmondson, Essex County, starts: “Curtis Estate. Charles Curtis Estate to John Edmondson. To Ball. Due me from a Settlement made by John Lee…”
The rest of this entry is not available. Anna Edmundson, widow of Robert, married Charles Curtis).

1774.       Inventory of estate of John Edmondson, husband of Catherine, included Negro slaves, Harry and Rose, valued low probably because they were old, inherited from his mother, Judith Edmondson, by will of his father, James. Susan Derieux says the deeds of Essex County show no purchases of land by John, indicating he inherited all his land.

Winifred Waters Dunn executed a deed sometime after John’s death (date and reference needed). Parish of South Farnham, Essex County, Virginia. “For love and affection, to my daughter Caty Edmundson, the mill, which formerly belonged to my late husband, William Dunn, and Thomas Dunn, his brother, and was lately held by my son Wiliam Dunn and John Edmondson, deceased, situated in Matthews Swamp.” In this deed she is supposed to have named her grandson, James, William and Joseph Edmondson.

March 20, 1775. Convention. Essex County. James Edmundson, Meriwether Smith. (COLONIAL VIRGINIA REGISTER, p. 201)

April 19, 1775. Bond for James Edmondson Jr to marry Ann McCarthy Singleton, Richmond County. James signed as James Edmondson Jr.

June 1, 1775. General Assembly Session. Essex County. James Edmondson, Meriwether Smith.
June 22, 1775. Tobacco Account for John Edmondson, Virginia. Sales of 4 hogsheads of tobacco shipped to London by Captain Moses Robertson. (John Norton & Sons Papers).


House of Burgesses, 1772-1775. Essex County.
Session of March 4, 1773. James Edmondson and William Roane.
Session of May 5, 1774. James Edmondson and William Roane.
Session of June 1, 1775. James Edmondson and Meriwether Smith.
Conventions.
March 20, 1775. James Edmondson and Meriwether Smith.
December 1, 1775. James Edmondson and Meriwether Smith.
May 6, 1776. James Edmondson and Meriwether Smith.
(See Colonial Virginia Register)

December 1, 1775. Convention. Essex County. James Edmondson, Meriwether Smith (COLONIAL VIRGINIA REGISTER, p. 206)

Dec. 23, 1775. Letter, Williamsburg, Virginia. John Edmondson to John Norton & Son, London. Letter covering tobacco sales for 1774 miscarried. Was seen in Hobb’s Hole Post Office but is supposed lost. Wants duplicate and account current. (John Norton & Sons Papers)

Dec. 28, 1775. Letter, Essex County, Rappahannock River, Virginia. John Edmondson to John Norton & Son, merchants in London. Advises of draft for his balance in favor of Joseph Simon.

May 6, 1776. Convention. Essex County. James Edmondson, Meriwether Smith. (COLONIAL VIRGINIA REGISTER)

1777, 1778, 1779, 1780-81, 1782, 1783: John Edmondson served in the House of Burgesses for Essex.

1776.       Benjamin Edmondson, allegedly born in 1752 in Essex County, is stated in the DAR Lineage Books, Vol. 74, p. 293, to have enlisted in 1776, and to have married Elizabeth Waddy in 1779, in Alexandria, Virginia. The DAR record says he was a Lieutenant. Has he been confused with Benjamin Edmondson, also a lieutenant, who later lived in Charles City County and married Margaret Harwood? Was he the Benjamin Edmondson in upcountry SC in this period?)

1777.       Robert Edmondson, son of Benjamin and Sarah Edmondson and grandson of Benjamin and Margaret Finney Edmondson, died without issue, leaving his property to his mother and to Philip, William, Susanna and Milley, his siblings. See account in Vol. 7, Tyler’s Quarterly. Need documentation. What happened to his brother Philip?

August 13, 1777. William Edmondson was appointed Ensign in the Essex County Militia. He was promoted to 2nd Lt., June 25, 1778, and to 1st Lt., March 20, 1779. Probably brother of Edmund Edmondson and son of John and Catherine Edmondson.


May 19, 1778. Deed Book 31, p. 395. James Edmondson Jr & Ann McCarthy his wife to Wm Edmondson ….for 300 pounds….all that tract …bounded as a corner ash in the swamp between James Bookers land & those of Thomas Wood…running up the swamp…. Adjoining Benj. Jones, Booker and the sd Wm. Edmondson…to a corner gum between Thomas Allen, Benj. Jones, & Wm. Edmondson…thence to Wm. Dunn’s Mill Swamp to a corner between Wm. Dunn, Elizabeth Dunn & Wm Edmondson…to a stump between Wm Edmondson, Nathaniel Dunn & Edmond Dunn…in a ??? to the road between Thomas Wood’s land & those of Wm Edmondson….containing 300 acres.

Dec. 25, 1778. Philemon Gatewood (1751-1824) married Dorothye Edmundson (1756-July 6, 1806) of Essex County, daughter of Thomas Edmundson and Hannah Graves Phillips Edmundson. Dorothye was a granddaughter of James Edmundson and Judith Allaman Parr Edmundson. (Tyler’s, Vol. 14, p. 51; William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 12, p. 122).

April 20, 1779. James Edmondson, Jr. was appointed Ensign in the Essex County Militia and was attached to Capt. John Edmondson’s Company. Another source says James Edmondson was appointed ensign June 25, 1779, Essex County Militia. Probably the same man.

1779. James Edmondson Jr. died, probably of smallpox. See Deed Book 31, p. 166. Will Book 13, p. 262. Probated Nov. 15, 1779. His widow, Anne McCarthy Singleton Edmondson, married Epaphroditus Hubbard, Oct. 20, 1785, in Fauquier County.

March 14, 1779. Will of Leah Edmondson. Essex County. In the name of God amen I Leah Edmondson of Southfarnham Parish in the County of Essex being at present weak of body but of perfect memory praised be god do think proper to make this my last will & Testament in manner and form as followeth as for my part of worldly Estate belonging to me I dispose of as following Item I give & bequeath to my Brother Andrew Allen twenty four pounds Cash to him & his heirs forever Item I give & bequeath to my brother Andrew Allen and my Nephew Richard Allen three hogsheads of tobacco that I Shiped to Mr. Norton in London to be equally divided between them and there heirs forever. Item I give and bequeath to my Neice Ann Allen & her heirs forever Six Silver Table Spoons that Thomas Edmondson of Winchester had Silver to get made. Item I give & bequeath to Josiah Allen Son of Richard Allen twenty pounds Cash to him & his heirs forever to be paid by Richard Allen when he shall come to the age of twenty one years out of the money he borrowed of me. Item I give & bequeath to my Nephew Richard Allen & my Neice Ann Allen to them and there heirs forever all the Remainder of my Estate Consisting of one young mare one wheat fan all the Crop one mans Saddle Ready money debts Some household and kitching furniture to be equally divided. And lastly I doe hereby nominate & Appoint my Brother Andrew Allen & Richard Allen Executors of this my last Will & Testament In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & Seal this fourteenth Day of March One thousand Seven hundred and Seventy nine.
Leah (her mark X) Edmondson
Test
Benj Waggoner
Mary (her x mark) Waggoner

At a Court held for Essex County at Tappa on the 18th Day of Dec 1780 This last will & Testament of Leah Edmondson decd was presented into Court by one the Exors therein named who made oath thereto according to Law. And being also proved by the witnesses thereto is ordered to be Recorded.
Test Hancock Lee Clk
(Copy of Leah Edmondson’s will provided by Lee Edmundson, May, 2006). Leah Edmondson is supposed to have submitted a claim in 1781 for Revolutionary service in Essex County. If so, this must have been initiated before her death in late 1780, and must relate to some service she performed as her husband died before the Revolution started.

March 17, 1780. A deed was made between Andrew Crawford of Westmoreland County, husband of Susannah, a daughter of Augustine and Hannah Boughan, John Chamberlain Junr of Essex County, Griffing Boughan of Essex, John Meredith of King and Queen County, Richard Lowry of Spotsylvania County, John Tankersley of Spotsylania County, Ralph Meredith of King and Queen, John Edmondson of EssexCounty, for account of his daughter Judith by Hannah, and Ralph Meredith of King and Queen County, all of the first part, who sold to Archibald Ritchie of Essex County, 211 acres in Essex for 5 shillings each, this being land previously owned by James Griffing. Recorded 16 October, 1780. See Essex County Deed Book 31, pp. 530-533. (Abstract provided by Tom Moore).
Augustine Boughan married Hannah Griffing, daughter of James Griffing, the elder. Augustine was born Oct. 8, 1716, and died by 1751. Augustine and Hannah had: Griffing Boughan; Susannah who married Andrew Crawford and had Nelly Crawford; Ann who married John Chamberlain and had John Chamberlain Junr; Mary who married John Meredith; Margaret who married Ralph Meredith. When Augustine Boughan died, Hannah Griffing Boughan married John Edmondson and had Judith Edmondson. Who were the parents of this John Edmondson? Another John Edmondson married Augustine Boughan’s sister Mary, and had Susannah Edmondson. Susannah married Thomas Wiatt. Mary Boughan Edmondson next married Gabriel Jones. Hannah Griffing was mentioned in the March 27, 1739 1750 will of her father James Griffing. Augustine Boughan called her his loving wife in his 1750 will. Hannah Boughan and Francis Waring gave bond Dec. 21, 1756, as guardians of Frankey, Mary and Betty Boughan, orphans of Augustine Boughan, deceased. Will Book 10, p. 114. Mary married John Meredith. Betty married Richard Lowry. Another daughter Sukey had married William Brooke and later Andrew Crawford. Another daughter Margaret married Ralph Meredith.


Jan. 11, 1781. Sarah Edmondson, daughter of Thomas Edmondson and his third wife, Hannah Graves Phillips, married Thomas Dix. She died Nov. 17, 1840. They had Mary Dix who married John Haile. d

Oct. 1, 1781. Deed Book 32, pp. 240-243. This Indenture made the first day of October in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred & Eighty one. Between Philip Parr Edmondson of Charles City County, James Edmondson Senr. of Essex County and Prisilla his Wife, Thomas Edmondson of Frederick County and Mary his Wife and John Mann of sd County of Essex & Judith his Wife of the one part and Thomas Roane of King and Queen County and William Roane of Essex County of the other part. Witnesseth that the said Philip Parr Edmondson, James Edmondson and Drisilla his wife Thomas Edmondson & Mary his wife and John Mann & Judith his wife for and in consideration of the sum of Seven Thousand and Seventy five pounds Currt. Money to them in hand paid by the sd Thomas Roane & William Roane the Receipt whereof they do hereby acknowledge. They the said Philip Parr Edmondson, James Edmondson & his wife, Thos. Edmondson & his wife, and John Mann & Judith his wife Have Granted Bargained and Confirm unto the sd Thos. & William Roane their Heirs and assigns for Ever all that Messuage, Tenement or Tract of Land Scituate lying& beingon the South side of Daningerfield’s Mill Pond in the County of Essex containing by Estimatin Ninety Eight Acres and a half more or less, which sd. Land is the part or Moiety of the Tract devised or given to the wife of Thomas Hadden by her father Henry Reeves late of this County decd, and to her sister Eliza__the wife of William Porter and divided Equally between them by a Line of marked Trees from the Mill Pond to the back line and sold by sd Hadden & his wife to Wm. Edmondson and by him devised to His Brothers & Sister afsd And also the Reversion & Reversions Remainder and Remainders ~ Rents and services thereof And all the Estate, Right, Title, Interests Claim and Demand whatsoever them the sd Philip Parr Edmondson, James Edmondson, Thos. Edmondson, their wives, or John Mann & Judth his wife, or either of them, in and to the same premises and of, in and to every part and parcel thereof. To have & to hold the sd. Messuage , and all and Singular the premises above mentioned wth. the appurtenances unto the said Thomas Roane & William Roane their and each of their Heirs and Assigns, to the proper use and behoof of them the sd Thomas Roane & Willm. Roane their and each of their Heirs and Assigns for ever, to be held by them & their Heirs as Tenants in Common & not as joint Tenants And the said Philip Parr Edmondson, James Edmondson, & his wife, Thos. Edmondson & his wife, & John Mann & his wife do Covenant and grant to and with the sd Thomas Roane & Willm. Roane theire Heirs & Assigns, that they now are lawfully and rightfully Seised in their own right of a good Sure, perfect absolute & indefeasible Estate of Inheritance in Fee Simple of and in all & Singular the sd Messuage & Premises above mentioned & of every part and parcel thereof with the Appurtenances without any manner of Condition matter cause or thing to change or determine the same, and now have good Right & Poser to Sell and Convey the same with the Appurtenances unto the sd Thos. Roane & Wm. Roane their Heirs & Assigns to their only proper use forever, according to the true Intent and Meaning of these presents. And the said Philip Parr Edmondson, James Edmondson & his wife, Thos. Edmondson & his wife, & John Mann & his wife for themselves, and their Heirs the Messuage, Tenement or Tract of Land & premises, and every part thereof against them & their Heirs, and against all and every person & persons whatsoever to the said Thos. Roane & Willm. Roane their Heires & Assigns shall and will Warrant and forever Defend by these presents. In Witness whereof the parties first above named to this Indenture have unto set their hands & Affixed their Seals the day & year first above written.
Sealed and Delivered Phil. Edmondson (Seal)
In the presence of Jas. Edmondson (Seal)
Interlined in the fifteenth line before Thos. Edmondson (Seal)
Sealing & Delivery John Mann (Seal)
William Edmondson Judith Mann (Seal)

Richd. Holt
Richd. Allen
James (his mark X) Edmondson
Wm. Croxton
Thos. Roane Jr.
Philip Mann
Elizabeth Mann
Deed recorded August 16, 1784. See Essex
County Deeds, No. 32, 1781-1786, pp. 240-243. A transcript was made by Lucille Sherwood, Deputy Clerk, in 1936.

(Who was the James Edmondson who signed as a witness with his mark? John Mann is said by one source to have died in 1815. James Edmondson, brother of William, died in SC about 1807. Thomas died in SC in 1809. Philip Parr Edmondson died Oct. 22, 1784, in Charles City County. This is the only evidence I have ever seen of the name of Thomas Edmondson’s first wife but it only compounds the confusion in Frederick County where THREE Thomas Edmondsons lived in the 1780’s each having a wife named Mary: Thomas and Mary from Essex, Thomas who married Mary Harry, and Thomas, son of Thomas and Mary Harry, who married Mary Tate. SWE).

Jan. 2, 1782. Marriage bond of Edmund Edmondson to marry Jane Howerton. Wm. Young was surety. A copy was included with his application for a pension for military service.

Oct. 10, 1783. Caty Edmondson of Essex County sold to Wiilliam Edmondson of Essex one negro woman by name Jenny for 50 pounds current money of Virginia, a negro girl by name of Sally for 30 pounds current money of Virginia, two beds & furniture, sundry articles, 2 cows and calves, 5 chairs, 1 pine table, 1 pewter dish, 5 plates, bacon, 1 old wheel, 1 dutch oven and other items. Signed by Caty Edmondson with her mark (X) and witnessed by Edmund Edmondson and Caty Crow. (From a later suit in chancery, it appears William had duped his mother into signing this deed, thinking she was signing her will. An affidavit Nov. 9, 1805, of Susannah Cole in a suit between John Smith, administrator of William Edmondson, deceased, and William, Howerton, administrator of Caty Edmondson, gave her statements that she was present ten or eleven years earlier when Mrs. Edmondson was in a low state of health; her son William being present was applied to by his mother to write her will. He commenced to write and she supposed he was writing her will, but the writing not being read to her, she is not certain whether it was the Will he was writing or not. He was directed by Mrs. Edmondoson to leave her Negro woman Sall to her daughter Judith Edmondson and also that it was her desire Dianna H. or K. Evans the Daughter of Charles Evans should have the first child which Sall might have. The deponent went on to say William Edmondson had possession of the Negroes ever since she came to the county as to Sall which is about twelve or fourteen years and the Child from the time he was born until Wm. Edmondson deceased.

Other affidavits in this chancery suit provide details of Caty Edmondson’s property and her son William’s dealings.

Capt. James Dix in his deposition Nov. 9, 1805: ..”saith that not long before the death of Mrs. Edmondson he heard her say she had made a will & given all her property to her daughter Judith Edmondson, this deponent previous to the above heard her say she had a suit instituted against her which money had been paid but let the worst come of it they could get no property, for all of it was made over to her son William in a bill of sale. Dix was questioned whether the stock of cattle which Mrs. Edmondson died possessed of was a part of those mentioned in the bill of sale. He answered they were not. The defendant asked: From the time you were acquainted with William Edmondson doyou suppose he was in a position to advance money to lay out of it? (Not clear what “lay out of it” means). Answer: I think about the year 1796 he informed me he was not. Question from the plaintiff: Did you not hear Caty Edmondson the Mother of William Edmondson say that she was satisfied with the piece of land where on she lived of about 53 acres allotted to her, by her son William Edmondson in lieu of her dower in the land of her deceased husband John Edmondson. Answer: I heard Mrs. Edmondson say she was satisfied with the land alluded to in lieu of her dower provided he William Edmondson would put certain house on the land which she said he had not done. She only mentioned in lieu of dower but not the dower of her deceased husband John Edmondson. 2nd Question from he Plaintiff: Did not William Edmondson build a dwelling house on the above lands. Answer: I heard Mrs. Edmondson say Will Edmondson built the house she lived in on the said land and complained of its not being finished. Question by the defendant: Had Mrs. Edmondson any where else to live except in the house on said land. Answer: She had not. Question by the defendant: What kind of house was the one deed to. Answer: A small wood house with wooden shingles about 12 by 14 feet square neither lathed or plastered. Question by the plaintiff: Did you not hear Caty Edmondson in the year 1793 or 1794 say that the girl Sally mentioned in the bill finle in this suit, belonged to her son William Edmondson. Answer. I did but sometime after this conversation she told me whe was to hold Sally during her life.

The Rev. LeRoy Cole stated in his affidavit April 15, 1808: ..he purchased a tract of land of William Edmondson in his life time containing 200 acres more or less that Catherine Edmondson had a right of dower in said land that in lieu of said dower, there was a parcel of land laid off for said Catherine to be possessed by her during her life containing thirty eight and a half acres that ws supposed to be about ten acres over the two hundred purchased of William Edmondson which was annexed to the thirty eight and a half acres and both together was possessed by the said Catherine during her life. The deponent stated when questioned that he paid twenty five shillings per acre for the land. He paid only small sums of the purchase money to Catherine Edmondson by orders of William Edmondson, amounting to not more than ten dollars. Cole did not consider these small sums to be a part of her dower.

April 9, 1783. List of Essex County officers included Capt. Thomas Edmundson. (From Sally Giddens Davis).

1783. Tax Lists. Essex County.

District No. 2. List of Newman Brockenbrough.
William Dunn, 5 whites, 15 blacks.
Many other Dunns.
William Edmondson, 8 whites, 13 slaves.
James Edmondson, 8 whites, 1 black, p. 51.
District No. 6. List of Colonel Seal.
Edmund Edmondson, p. 52. Dist. No. 6. 3 whites. 4 blacks.
William Gatewood, 10 whites, 26 blacks.
Kally Edmondson, p. 52. Dist. No. 6. 3 whites, 3 blacks. (Probably Caty Edmondson).
William Howerton, 6 whites, 2 blacks.

District No. 3. List of Samuel Peachy.
John Dunn, 1 white, 1 black.
John Edmondson, 1 white, 40 blacks, p. 52.
Philemon Gatewood, 4 whites, 12 blacks.
Henry Dunn, 11 whites, 11 blacks.
Waters Dunn, 5 whites, 8 blacks.

July 16, 1787. Deed Book 33, p. 69. Catherine Edmondson widow & relic of John Edmondson dec’d & Wm. Edmondson & Dicey (Dianna) his wife to James Banks….40 acres…described in copy.
(William Edmundson published in EFAB a date of 1794 for the marriage of William Edmundson to Diana, relict of Charles Evans. Book O-35, 455 ??)

November 16, 1789. Essex County. Deputy sheriffs under John Edmondson in 1788 ask for a remittance of the fines from damages of a judgment against Edmonson for the certificate tax. Library of Virginia, Legislative Petitions. Benjamin Fisher and Meriday Brown.

November, 1789. Virginia Independent Chronicle. John Edmondson, Esquire, deceased. His administrator Lawrence Lewis of Essex will sell his slaves. (ABSTRACTS FROM EIGHTEENTH CENTURY VIRGINIA NEWSPAPERS, by Robert H. Headley, Jr., Gen. Pub. Co., 1987)

Nov. 26, 1789. Virginia Herald and Fredericksburg Advertiser. John Edmondson, Esquire, deceased. His plantation in Essex County to be sold by Lawrence Lewis, his executor. (ABSTRACTS FROM EIGHTEENTH CENTURY VIRGINIA NEWSPAPERS)

July 2, 1790. Note from Beverly Brunelle: “Gideon Shipp, in a very courtly hand, penned a letter to Captain James Edmondson praying he would stop the sale of the said Shipp’s personal property to satisy a certain judgement. Gideon Shipp died in Essex County prior to 14 June 1797 when his four children, Alice, Katy, Thomas and Ann Shipp, had guardians appointed”.

Dec. 16, 1790. Deed Book 34, p. 174. Caty Edmondson of Essex & Wm. & Diana Edmondson of King and Queen County….to Leroy Cole…for 250 pounds…200 acres …corner to Nathaniel Dunn…to the mill swamp…between Thomas H. Brookes & Cole… along the bank of the said swamp….between Caty Edmondson & the said Cole.

July 4, 1791. William Jones witnessed the will of James Edmondson of Charleton Hill in the County of Essex and Parish of Southfarnham. Will Book 14, pp. 292-293.


July 6, 1791. Deed Book 33, p. 332. Wm. Edmondson & Diana of King and Queen County and Caty Edmondson of Essex to Nathaniel Dunn…for 300 pounds…100 acres…bounded …in the road corner to Lewis Booker…along the line between Edmondson & Benj. Jones…between Edmondson and the land of James Boughan dec’d …cornering in the swamp called Dunn’s Mill Swamp…

April 16, 1792. Will of James Edmondson of Charleton Hill. Will Book 14, p. 292. Wife: Elizabeth. She married Robert Banks after the death of James.

July 16, 1792. In Chancery. Page 292. On the motion of the defendant by Francis T. Brooke Esquire for ? Warden his attorney it is ordered by the court that he recover of the plaintiff his costs in the behalf appended about his defence.
Present William Latane Gentleman
James Edmondson, Susanna Wyatt, Jno. Wyatt, Thomas Wyatt, Thomas Dix and Sarah his wife, Phileman Gatewood and Dorothea his wife and Martha Todd Throckmorton pltfs against ? Webb and Dorothea his wife, Wm. Throckmorton, James Throckmorton, Fanny Throckmorton, Sarah Throckmorton, Lucy Throckmorton and Judith Throckmorton by James Webb their Guardian.
Came the parties aforesaid by James Webb their attorney, and the Commissioners having reported in this cause, It is considered by the Court and decreed finally according thereto, and it is further decreed and ordered that each party bare an equal proportion of the costs of this ? which said report follows in these words to wit”Pursuant to a Decree in chancery of the Worshippful Court of Essex County , We the subscribers proceeded to assign to the parties such proportion of the Two tracts of land in the said Decree mentioned as they respectively appear to be entitled to, after laying off fifty acrces of land a part of the largest Tract in the said Decree mentioned, adjoining the Mill-Pond of Archibald McCall, and the land of Richard Burke, as follows Viz to Susanna Wyatt, John Wiatt and Thomas Wiatt One hundred and eighty seven acres of the largest Tract, laid off and described by a line beginning at a large poplar on the right hand side of the road leading from Tappahannock, from the said Poplar through the said Tract to Archibald McCall’s Mill-Pond, thence down the said Mill-Pond to Spencer Roanes line, along the said line to where it corners on the land of Henry A. Clements, thence S62 W110 poles to a small red oak and sassafras thence N 31? W 94 poles to the beginning, with all the Houses and improvements within the said line: also two hundred and two acres and three quarters of an acre of the smallest Tract, laying on the left hand side of the road leading to Tappahannock, beginning at a small Branch which divides it from the part hereafter assigned to William Throckmorton, up the said Branch to the head thereof thence N 67 E1074 ? poles to a Cedar thence N by E, 150 poles to the edge of the Marsh, thence through the Marsh to Hoskins Creek, up the said Creek by the several meanders thereof to Spencer Roanes line and along the said line to the beginning, including all the buildings on the said land. One equal third part of which Two described Lots or parts of the Two said Tracts of land with the improvements to be vested in the said Susanna, One other third part in the said John, and the other third part in the said Thomas. To James Webb three hundred and twenty eight acres of the largest Tract laying on bothe sides of the road leading from Tappahannock, adjoining the part of the said tract assigned to Susanna, Jno. And Thomas Wiatt the Fifty acres first laid off, and the part assigned to James and Dorothea Webb. To James Webb and Dorothea his wife Fifty nine acres of the said Tract adjoining the part assigned to James Webb. To Martha Todd Throckmorton Fifty nine acres of the said Tract, adjoining the part assigned to James and Dorothea Webb. To Fanny Throckmorton Fifty nine acres of the said Tract adjoining the part assigned to Martha Todd Throckmorton. To Sarah Throckmorton Fifty nine acres of the said Tract, adjoining the part assigned to Fanny Throckmorton. To Lucy Throckmorton Sixty Nine and one half acres of the said Tract, adjoining the part assigned to Sarah Throckmorton, including fourteen and a quarter acres of the part said to be under Water. To Judith Throckmorton sixty nine and one half acres of the said Tract, adjoining the part assigned to Lucy Throckmorton, the land of Henry A. Clements, and the land belonging to the Estate of James Edmondson Deceased, including fourteen and an half acres of the part said to be under Water, it being the balance of the said largest Tract. To James Throckmorton Eleven and three quarters acres of the smallest Tract in the said decree mentioned, on the right hand side of the road leading to Tappahannock, adjoining the land of Henry H. Clements , and a corner of the land of Spencer Roane. To Thomas Dix and Sarah his wife, Fifty two and three eighths acres of the said smallest Tract, on the said right hand side of the said road, adjoining the tract assigned to James Throckmorton, the land of Henry H. Clements, Jno. Gaines?, Ben Jones and a small part of the land hereafter assigned to James Edmondson. Philemon Gatewood and Dorothea his wife Fifty two and three eighths acres of the smallest Tract, adjoining the land assigned to Thomas and Sarah Dix, the land assigned to James Throckmorton, and a small part of the land hereafter assigned to James Edmondson, and bounded on the one side by the said road. To William Throckmorton Eleven and three quarters acres of the said smallest Tract, on the left hand side of the said road leading to Tappahannock, adjoining the land
of Spencer Roane, the land assigned to Susanna, Jno. and Thomas Wiatt, and the land hereafter assigned to James Edmondson.
To James Edmondson seventy seven acres of the said smallest tract including twenty acres of marsh adjoining the land assigned to Susanna, Jno. and Thomas Wiatt, the land assigned to William Throckmorton, a small part of the land assigned to Thomas and Sarah Dix, and a small part of the land assigned to Philemon and Dorothea Gatewood, and the land of Ben. Jones the whole of the last lot being bounded on one said by the said road, except Two and a half acres, which is divided from the other part by the said road, running though a Corner thereof, it being the balance of the said smallest Tract. All which several divisions and allotments of the said Two Tracts of land are described in Two platts herewith returned. Given under our hands and seals this 16th day of July One thousand seven hundred and ninety two.
Geo. W. Smith
Jno. Smith
Jno. Jones
(A map of the Gresham Family Property near Tappahannock was made Sept. 8, 1916, by B. J. Saunders, showing this property in the neck formed by Old Creek on the north and Piscataway Creek on the east and south. This included Charlton Plains and Charlton Hill, a total of 738 acres and 150 acres of marsh, all more or less. Another plat done for a survey Nov. 1915 showed Marsh Field, 370 acres and 20 acres of marsh; Charlton Plains 245 acres and 50 acres marsh, Charlton Hill, 123 acres and 80 acres marsh. This property was owned by James Edmondson, son of Capt. Thomas Edmondson, who died in 1792. James was a signer of the Leedstown Resolutions, a vestryman of South Farnham Parish, a Justice of Essex and a member of the Virginia House of Delegates. His plantation lands lay on both sides of Highway 17. Dr. Henry Gresham bought the property about 1857. Two Gresham sisters lived here in the early 20th Century. The house burned and the family moved to Marshfield House. Dr. John Clements built a handsome brick house on an adjoining estate between 1750 and 1752. It was about 2 ½ miles south of Tappahannock and commanded a magnificent view of the town and the Rappahannock River three miles to the east. The house, called Mt. Clement, was torn down to clear a site for the Tidewater Memorial Hospital in the 1960’s. Documents provided by Lee Edmundson, May, 2006).

October 18, 1792. Virginia Herald and Fredericksburg Advertiser. James Edmondson, deceased. His administrator, John Brockenbrough, Tappahannock, will sell 28 of his negroes. ABSTRACTS FROM EIGHTEENTH CENTY VIRGINIA NEWSPAPERS.

1794 ? Susanna Edmundson, daughter of John Edmundson, deceased, married Lawrence Lewis. Book D-34, 64. (INDEX TO MARRIAGES OF OLD RAPPAHANNOCK & ESSEX COUNTIES, VIRGINIA, 1655-1900, by Eva Eubank Wilkerson, 1952. Abstracted by Patricia Humphreys, EFAB). Is this year correct?


March 5, 1796. The Commonwealth of Virginia To the Sheriff of Essex County Greeting. We command you that you summon Thomas Edmondson, James Edmondson, John Mann and Judith his wife and John Trible to appear before our justices of our County Court of Essex at the Court-house thereof on the third Monday in this month, than and there to answer this Writ. Witness John Pitt Lee, Clerk of or said Court this fifth day of March 1796 and in the 20th Year of the Commonwealth.
Jn. P. Lee

The text of the suit:
To the worshipful Justices of Essex county court sitting in chancery. Humbly complaining sheweth to your worships your orator Wm. Snodgrass that Phil Parr Edmondson of the county of Charles City & William Edmondson of the county of Essex by their bill penal dated Augt 19th 1765 promised to pay to one Wm. Montague of Essex County the sum of 200 pounds, 5 shillings, 6 curt money on or before the 17th of June 1767 and to the payment thereof they bound themselves & each of them, their & each of their heirs, exrs & admts jointly & severally in the penal sum of 400 pounds, 11 like money by the said bill penal, which said bill penal, was assigned by the said Montague by an endorsement on the back thereof, to your orator on the 7th of October 1767, which will fully appear by reference to the bill penal, so assigned, hereto annexed by your orator prayed to be taken as part of this bill. And your Orator further sheweth that he recd several payments against the said obligation whereby the said debt was reduced to 73 pounds 19 ¾ on July the 15th 1771, the particulars whereof will appear by reference to a statement of the said debt & payments hereto annexed & also prayed by your Orator to be taken as part of this his bill. And you Orator sheweth that the said Wm Edmondson departed this life about the day of ________17 ___ seised & possessed of a considerable real and personal estate & without child, whereby his estate was vested in his brothers the said Phil Parr Edmondson, Thomas Edmondson & James Edmondson & his sister Judith, the wife of John Mann, and whether the said Wm Edmondson left a will & testament or not is not known to your Orator, but he hath ascertained that his said brothers & the said John Mann have taken possession of the said estate & converted it to their own use, either by sale or otherwise. And your Orator further sheweth that some time after the death of the said Wm Edmondson the said Phil Parr Edmondson departed this life totally insolvent, that under these circumstances your Orator hath often applied to the said Thomas & James Edmondson & John Mann and Judith his wife & requested them to pay to your Orator the said sum of 73 pounds 19 ¾ with interest from July 15th 1771, but now so it is , may it please your worships, the said Thomas & James Edmondson & the said John Mann & Judith his wife combining & confederating to & with divers persons to you Orator at present unknown, but whom when discovered he prays may be made parties hereto with apt words to charge them to injure & oppress your Orator in the premises have hitherto refused to comply with the just requests of your Orator, alledging that they never had any part in the estate of the said Wm Edmondson and the said James Edmondson hath departed out of this state to reside & now resides in the state of South Carolina, but one John Trible, as your Orator hath been informed & verily believes is indebted to the said James Edmondson as much as will satisfy the demand of your Orator, and being so informed your Orator hath applied to the said Trible & requested him to pay the same, which he hath altogether refused, all which actings & doings of the said Thos. & James Edmondson, John Mann & Judith his wife & John Trible are contrary to equity & tend to the great injury of your Orator, in tender consideration whereof & whereas your Orator is remediless in the premises except in a court of equity, where matters of this nature are only& properly relievable: to the end therefore that the said Thomas & James Edmondson & John Mann & Judith his wife & John Trible may on their respective corporal oaths true & perfect answer make to all & singular the premises as fully & distinctly as if the same were herein again repeated interrogated & more especially that they may set forth & discover whether the the bond hereto annexed is not signed by the said Phil Parr Edmondson & Wm. Edmondson. What estate real or personal did the said Wm. Edmondson die possessed of? At what time did the sd. Wm. Edmondson die? What part of the estate of the said Wm. Edmondson did come to each of them, what was the value thereof & how did they become possessed of the same? In what manner was the estate of the said Wm. Edmondson disposed of? Who are now possessed of the said estate & by what title do they claim? And that the said John Trible may set forth & discover whether the said James Edmondson does not now reside out of this commonwealth? Whether he does not owe money to the said James Edmondson & to what amt? And that the said Thomas & James Edmondson & John Mann & Judith his wife may be _________to pay to your Orator the said sum of 73 pounds 19 ¾ with interest from the 15th day of July 1777 till paid and that the said John Trible may be decreed to pay to your Orator such sum of money as he is indebted to the said James Edmondson and that your Orator may seek further & other relief in the premises as may be agreeable to the usages of equity & the nature of the case may require & to your worships may seem meet & and may it please your worships to grant to your Orator the Commonwealth writ of subpoena to the said Thomas Edmondson, James Edmondson, John Mann & Judith his wife & John Trible to be directed.
Notes on the back of this writ indicate the bill was filed May 19, 1796, with wait for an answer. It was continued June 21, July 19, August 18, September 20, October 18, November 25th , 1796, and March 26th, 1797. Further continuances occurred throughout 1797. The subpoena was served on John and Judith Mann and John Trible but James and Thomas Edmondson were not found in the Commonwealth.

This was a suit in Chancery. What was the outcome?

May 19, 1800. An answer was filed by John Mann in which he stated William Edmondson died about 1773. Does anyone have a copy?


1803.       William Edmondson is supposed to have married Elizabeth Banks, widow of Robert Banks and of James Edmondson. Book D-36, 180. Did this marriage take place? (INDEX TO MARRIAGES OF OLD RAPPAHANNOCK & ESSEX COUNTIES, VIRGINIA, 1655-1900, Eva Eubank Wilkerson, 1952, abstracted by Patricia Humphreys, EFAB)

1803. A deed in Halifax County makes it clear Jane Howerton Edmondson was the wife of Edmund Edmundson.


1803.       William Edmondson, son of John and Caty, died between May 3 and June 20. His will names his mother and sons: William, James, John, Thomas, Clark Rowe, and daughters: Nancy, Caty, Ann who married Wm. Harwood, _____who married James Montague, Polly (Mary) and Pattsy (Martha). His will was proven. (Will Book 33, p. 332, and 34, p. 174. There was a chancery suit. From Suzanne Derieux).

Nov. 9, 1805. Beverly Brunelle writes: “Deposition of Gabriel Purkins of lawful age, taken 9 November, 1805: “that some where about eight (a hole in paper) nineteen years ago, William Edmondson ab (a hole) to him that he had discovered a coolness in __thaniel Crow and William Howerton towards him, in Consequence of his taking a bill of sale on his Mothers property, and he Requested this deponant to inform the said Crow & Howerton, that he had no other view in taking the Bill of sale than to save his mother harmless, from his cosin, Capt. James Edmondson…….about five or six years ago, he heard Catharin__Edmondson say the above bill of sale was a sham t___ ve her harmless from Capt. James Edmondson”.
Question by defendt. Did not Catherine Edmondson break up house keeping about the year 1784 and live at old Capt. Woods.
Answer. Yes.
(Gabriel Purkins, father of Washington Purkins, married Catherine Howerton. Catherine Howerton was the daughter of William Howerton who married Catherine Edmondson, sister of Edmund and daughter of John and Catherine “Caty” Dunn Edmondson. Nathaniel Crow was husband of Winnifred Edmondson, daughter of John Edmondson and Catherine “Caty” Dunn Edmondson. William Edmondson was the son of John Edmondson and Catherine “Caty” Dunn Edmondson. William Howerton, married Catherine Edmondson, daughter of Catherine “Caty” Dunn Edmondson.)
(Who was Capt. James Edmondson? Beverly speculates that he was closely related to John Edmondson and in some way might try to claim John’s property after John’s death. If Capt. James Edmondson was the large landowner of Charleton Hill and other properties close by, I might suspect he was simply trying to buy from the widow and her son William contrived to get her to sell to him to protect his mother, in his view, perhaps from an unwise sale. I do not agree with Beverly’s view that John Edmondson who married Catherine Dunn is a brother of Philip Parr Edmondson, William Edmondson, Thomas Edmondson and Judith Edmondson Mann. If conclusive evidence is found, I will change my position, of course).

Feb. 18, 1811. Polly Edmondson married Thomas Dyke. Book 1, p. 227.
Dec. 19, 1814. Martha M. Edmondson married John Dix. Book 1, p. 230.

1815. Judith Edmondson Mann, sister of Philip Parr, Thomas, James and William, is said to have died in Essex. Proof?

1820 Census. Heads of families.
Carter Edmundson

1828.       Carter Edmondson married Susan, daughter of Anna Vessels. Book D, 42, 347. (See: Index to Marriages of Old Rappahannock & Essex Counties, Virginia, by Eva Eubanks Wilkerson, abstracted by Patricia Humphreys).

1837. Mary Edmundson Tabb died, probably the wife of Peter Tabb of Essex. She was born in 1764. Who were her parents?

1861. George W. Edmondson was living in Essex when the War started. Confederate Army records show he was 29, served in Co. K, 55th Virginia Infantry. He enlisted March 31, 1862, at Ft. Lowry for three years or the war’s duration He was appointed sergeant May 1, 1862, and was absent wounded March 12, 1864. He was paroled at Richmond April 29, 1865. (Who were his parents?)

Oct. 15, 1865. George W. Edmondson and Martha S. Coghill were married (Marriages, Book I, p. 13). The license showed his birthplace to be Washington, D.C. His parents were Franklin and Sarah Edmondson. He was 35, single, a plasterer. Martha S. Coghill was 42, daughter of Smallnod Coghill and Miss Garrett. Both George and Martha lived in Essex in 1865. The ceremony was performed by R.W. Cole. Mark Cassidy who provided this information stated: “ He had a large home in Tappahannock and his name is on the town statue”. He entered the R.E. Lee Camp Confederate Soldiers Home in Richmond, Oct. 25, 1907, and died there Feb. 5, 1909. He was buried in Hollywood Cemetery. Records show his last name as Edmonston. Franklin Edmondson and Sarah Ann Wray were married Nov. 7, 1816, in Baltimore. Both were from Baltimore. See: Baltimore Sun. They were surely George’s parents.




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