I will post my Craven County NC file which deals primarily with Joseph Edmundson, son of Thomas the immigrant, and his descendants. I solicit any additional records and any comment or questions.
EDMONDSONS IN NORTHEAST NORTH CAROLINA
(This file includes information on the early counties of Bath, Bertie, Halifax, Edgecombe, Craven and adjacent areas).
The northeastern counties were settled by immigrants from Virginia and others who came directly from England and from Switzerland. Chowan was formed in 1669 and from it a number of other counties: Beaufort in 1705, Bath, Craven and Bertie Precinct in 1722 from the part of Albemarle west of the Chowan River and bounded on the south by the Roanoke (or Morotuck) River, Hyde in 1729, New Hanover in 1729, Onslow in 1734, Edgecombe in 1741, Northhampton in 1741, Johnston in 1746, Duplin in 1749. Dobbs was formed in 1758 from the eastern part of Johnston. Glasgow and Lenoir were formed in 1791 from Dobbs and the latter name was dropped. Glasgow was renamed Greene in 1799. Halifax was formed in 1758, Hartford in 1759, Pitt in 1760, Martin in 1774, Nash in 1777, Gates in 1778. Wayne was cut out of Dobbs in 1779.
In the 1670’s and 1680’s, the government in the Carolina Colony and Chowan Precinct was either illegitimate or corrupt, in rebellion or a tyranny. Few records survive as much was destroyed. Headrights and patents previously granted had to be reestablished. When John Jenkins’ commission as Acting Governor expired in 1675, Thomas Eastchurch, the acting Speaker, had Jenkins imprisoned because he continued to govern. Eastchurch and his ally Thomas Miller went to England in 1677 where Eastchurch was appointed governor and Miller appointed Secretary of the Colony. When Eastchurch was delayed in returning, Miller illegally assumed the governor’s powers in July, 1677. Miller’s conduct helped provoke “Culpepper’s Rebellion”, about the same time Bacon’s Rebellion was underway in Virginia. Miller was imprisoned and John Culpepper and George Durant illegally took over the government. They established courts, appointed judges and convened an Assembly. Eastchurch died in England. John Culpepper went to England to try to settle the matter. He was arrested, tried and acquitted and the rebellion ended without bloodshed. In July, 1679, a Commission arrived appointing John Harvey as Acting Governor and a legal government was reestablished. Much legal business waited while this chaotic period of governance played out. During the rebellion, colonists seized and destroyed official papers and records. Culpepper’s Rebellion was caused mainly by the Navigation Acts which required tobacco and other colonial exports to be shipped only from certain ports by designated shippers in order for the Crown agents to collect heavy duties. Colonial tobacco was shipped all over the accessible world, much of it on Dutch ships. England and Holland were intermittently at war during this period after Charles II regained his throne. About 1680, Robert Holden took over the colony and was himself arrested July 2, 1680. Seth Sothel, one the Lords Proprietors of Carolina, took over the government from 1682-1689, destroyed many land records and was banished finally from the Colony.
Albemarle County in the far northeast and Clarendon in the far southeast of current North Carolina were formed as original counties in 1664.
Chowan Precinct was formed in 1679. St. Paul’s Parish, the first Anglican parish with a church building in North Carolina, was started in 1701. Edward Smithwick gave the land for the building, served on the vestry for many years and has his name on a marble plaque in the present day St. Paul’s Episcopal Church in Edenton. Edward Smithwick and his wife Africa had a son Edmund, born about 1684 in Chowan and died about 1774 in Martin County. Among his children named in his will May 11, 1772, were Edmondson Edmund Smithwick and Edmondson John Smithwick. This suggests some kind of association or kinship with some of the Edmondsons but none is yet known.
(Provided by Beverly Brunelle from information in the Bennett, Smithwick Genealogy).
In 1712, the counties were Beaufort (originally called Pamptecough), Craven (originally called Archdale), Currituck, Chowan, Hyde (originally called Wickham), Pasquotank, and Perquimans.
In 1729, New Hanover County was created from part of Craven, extending to the South Carolina line. Tyrell was taken from Bertie and Chowan, Currituck and Pasquotank.
An attempt was made to form Edgecombe Precinct in 1732 from land south of the Roanoke, including Fishing Creek, but controversy delayed this until 1741.
Present day Halifax was shown as Bertie or Edgecombe in Albemarle until Edgecombe was formed. The northern edge of Edgecombe was cut off in 1746 to form Granville and part of Granville became Bute in 1764, later divided into Warren and Franklin counties in 1779 when Bute ceased to exist.
Edgecombe was formed into two parishes, divided by Fishing Creek. Edgecombe Parish lay north of the creek and became Halifax County in 1758. St. Mary’s parish to the south of the creek retained the name of Edgecombe County. Early Halifax County included most of present day Martin County. About 1800, the county line between Martin and Edgecombe was moved. The earliest grants of land were dated about 1714-20 and lay south of the Roanoke. About fifteen years later, land south of Fishing Creek was settled. Lord Granville kept his rights as a Proprietor when the other seven sold theirs to the Crown in 1729. His territory was in the northern border areas of North Carolina, including Halifax County. Quit rents had to be paid him each year for lands granted by him, in addition to paying colonial taxes. Settlers resented his agents who tended to be dishonest, cheating the settlers and Lord Granville. This led in 1759 to the jailing of Corbin and Bodley in Edenton who in turn when released brought suit and jailed several other citizens. The latter were freed by angry rioters.
Edmondsons in Craven County, North Carolina
New Bern is the county seat of Craven, located on the Neuse River. Today Craven is bounded on the south and southwest by Onslow, west by Jones, northwest by Lenoir, north by Pitt, northeast by Beaufort and east by Pamlico Sound and the barrier islands.
English speaking people settled in the Craven County area well before the Swiss settlement at New Bern. John Lawson of London left England May 1, 1700 and with five helpers surveyed much of the interior of this section. He helped settle Bath in 1705. French Protestants were among the earliest settlers as well. New Bern on the Neuse River was settled about 1710 by Baron de Graffenreid with Swiss and Palatine immigrants. Craven was formed in 1712 from Bath County. The colonial capital was eventually placed at New Bern where Governor Tryon built his pretentious palace. It remained the largest town in the colony until the War for Independence after which the capital was moved to Raleigh.
(See SOME COLONIAL HISTORY OF CRAVEN COUNTY N.C. by James Sprunt, and HISTORICAL PUBLICATIONS, Vol. 17, No. 1, North Carolinal Hist. Society, 1920).
The Anglican Church established a school at New Bern in 1765, the Academy. De Rosset’s CHURCH HISTORY, pp. 172-73, lists the petitioners. The Marriage Bonds of Craven are available at the North Carolina Historical Commission but most of the early deed books are located in the courthouse in New Bern.
Joseph Edmondson came to Craven before 1714, probably the Joseph Edmondson from Essex County, Virginia, who witnessed a land lease from Richard West of St. Anne’s Parish, Essex, to Edward and Benjamin Moseley, church wardens of St. Anne’s. The document was dated 9/10 November, 1706, and was witnessed also by Robert Siswell, John Goode and Ja. Alderman (See Essex Deeds and Wills, Book 13, p. 7). He is believed to be one of the sons of Thomas Edmundson named in his will, probated in Essex in 1715.
In fact, recently uncovered records of a court case in Essex County regarding the foster care of his two children of a first wife show he had moved to North Carolina from Essex.
The two children were kept by Joannah Smith who had to compel Joseph’s brother Benjamin to provide her the costs of upkeep of the two children. Was Joannah a close relative of the deceased mother of the children?
Joannah might have been a Covington as Richard Covington posted bonds and signed legal documents for her. Her first husband was George Lloyd who owned plantation land adjacent to Brice’s Swamp. His will was written Dec. 19, 1713, St. Ann’s Parish, Essex County, Virginia. It was probated Jan. 14, 1713/14. Joseph’s brother James Edmondson was surety. George and Joannah had a daughter Elizabeth who was left 100 acres adjacent to Brice’s Swamp. Joannah Lloyd then married a Smith. One might speculate that Joseph’s first wife was a daughter of George and Joannah Lloyd.
Joseph witnessed a deed in 1714 for transfer of land from Enoch Wards to Martin, rights and title to 190 acres on the north side of the Neuse River on the east side of Beard’s Creek (Vol. C2, Records of Craven County by Moore).
1716. Court Minutes Book 1, pp. 97-147, Craven County.
Then came Capt. Richd. Graves and acknowledged unto Jos. Edmonson and his heirs and assigns a conveyance for two hundred and sevenry acres of Land. Order it to be registered and it is registered in Book A.
Then came Hannah Graves into Court and acknowledged her right of Dowry of ye above mentioned lands to Jos. Edmundson. Order it to be registered and it is registered in Book A. (Record examined in person by SWE and received later from Nancy Edmondson Wood).
(Hannah was the widow of Farnifold Green when she married Capt. Richard Graves after 1711. We have long wondered about the family name of Priscilla, the second wife of Joseph Edmondson. A careful reading of the deed to Joseph Edmonson gives no support for a conclusion that this was a deed to Hannah’s daughter but a sale to Joseph which required her to release her dower rights. See Green Excursus below).
The COLONIAL RECORDS OF NORTH CAROLINA, 2nd Series, Vol. I, show in Higher Court Minutes, 1709-1723, the case of Edmundson vs. Wattson. John Wattson of Chowan Precinct, planter, was attain’d to answer unto Joseph Edmundson for Plea that he render unto him 21 pounds Sterling money of England which he owes and from him unjustly Detains. And whereupon the said plaintiff by Edward Mosley his attorney Complains that whereas he the said Defendant at Chowan aforesaid the 25th day of March 1715 by his Certain Bill or writing under his hand did oblige himself, his heirs etc., to Pay to the said Plaintiff the Summ of Twenty One Pounds Sterling money of England when he should be thereunto required after the 25th of December next Ensuing the date thereof as then and by the said Bill here into court brought doth appear nevertheless the said defendant the aforesaid summ of 21 Pounds Sterling money unto the said Plaintiff hath not yet paid nor Contented but the same to Render and Pay hath Deny’d and Still doth Deny and refuse altho’ he hath been often thereunto requested to the damage of the Plaintiff Fourty Pounds and therefore this his suit is produced, etc.
Records of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Bath County, Craven Pre-cinct, and Craven County (Volumes 1,2, 3, 4. Library of Congress F262.C8N67):
April 19, 1715. Vol. I, p. 73. Bath County, Craven Precinct. Joseph Edmondson gives oath, attesting to power of attorney granted to Capt. Handcock by Susannah Franks.
April, 1715. Craven Precinct, North Carolina Court Minutes, 1712-15, Vol. I. Then Joseph Edmontson petitioned ye Court for an order of admistration on the Estate of Edmont Pearce, deceased. Wch was granted, ordered. the same to be reqestred and the sd. Edmontson give for securtys for the True Performance thereof Capt. W. Handcock and Francis Hill.
1716. Vol. I, p. 114. Joseph Edmonson is named overseer of roads on the north side of the Neuse River.
Search of records at the Craven County Courthouse in 1991 was done by Stephen W. Edmondson and revealed the following:
April, 1716. Deed Book 2, page 633, records the conveyance of 270 acres of land from Captain Richard Graves to Joseph Edmonson, in Bath County, Craven Precinct. Then came Hannah Graves into Court and acknowledged her right of dowry of the aforesaid mentioned land unto Joseph Edmonson. Ordered to be registered in Book A. (This record and a number of older acknowledgements were apparently copied from other records into the back of Book 2, dating earlier than 1716. The original was in Book A. Hannah Graves was the widow of Farnifold Green and mother of James Green who married Joseph Edmondson’s older daughter Mary). Court Minutes, Third Tuesday in April, 1716, records the above transaction and the deed of gift from Capt. Richard Graves and Hannah his wife of 290 acres to James Green.
Bath County, NC, wills include that of Susannah Green of Bath County, Craven Precinct, dated 19 June 1732 and probated 17 Sept 1735. She names a son, John Biggs, grandchild Mary Biggs. Executors were John Biggs and Robert Bond.
This would seem to indicate an early marriage to a Biggs, father of John, before she married Green.
Hannah Graves was Hannah Consolvo Kent who married first John Smithwick, a Quaker, who died in 1695, Bath Precinct, NC. He named in his will a daughter, Sarah who married Richard Warburton. Hannah married second Farnifold Green whose will in 1711 included a daughter in law (stepdaughter) Ann. Did Hannah and John Smithwick also have a daughter named Priscilla who married Joseph Edmondson? Hannah married, third, Richard Graves. They deeded land to Joseph Edmondson after he married Priscilla but this appears now to be a sale of land, not a gift. (There is no evidence this compiler has seen to support the claim that Priscilla was a Green or a Graves).
John Smithwick, son of Hugh Smithwick, made his will in 1696 in Chowan Precinct, NC, and died in December, 1696, in present Hyde County, NC. He was 26 years old and had married Hannah Kent about 1690 in Chowan Precinct. Hannah was born May 10, 1673, in Bertie Precinct, NC, daughter of Thomas Kent and his wife Ann. Hugh Smithwick died in 1674 but the North Carolina government was so corrupt and chaotic it was not probated for many years. Edward attempted to probate it in 1680 and received letters of administration, the will having been lost. He was soon arrested on trumped up charges by Robert Holden in 1680 but Holden was soon arrested himself and Edward was allowed bail and went home. He was soon arrested again and held for two months but released when the Grand Jury found no cause. He was surveyor in 1782 and was a member of the House of Burgesses in 1703, 1711 and 1712. He increased his land and had more than 4000 acres in the Cashie Neck area. He was active in organizing St. Paul’s Parish in and was on its vestry, giving land for the first church building and is commemorated in the church building in Edenton today.
Hugh Smithwick was born in England about 1620. He married his wife Elizabeth about 1645 in Nansemond County, Virginia.
Edward Smithwick was born in Upper Norfolk County, Virginia, about 1649. He was married three times. He married Elizabeth about 1672 in Chowan Precinct. She was born about 1650 and died in 1690 in Chowan . He married Africa Pike about 1694. She was born in Surry County, Virginia, in 1644 and died about 1703. He then married Sarah about 1703 who died by 1709. He was very prominent When he died in 1716, his son Samuel moved into Cashie Neck in Bertie County where his name appears on many records, often with his brother Edmund.
Edward Smithwick and his first wife Elizabeth had;
1. Edward Smithwick, b. in Shaftesbury Precinct, Albemarle County, about 1675. Edward died in Edenton in 1719. He married Grace___.
2. John Smithwick was born in 1677.
3. Elizabeth Smithwick was born in Shaftesbury Precinct about 1678. She married Martin Griffin about 1700 in Chowan Precinct.
4. Sarah Smithwick was born about 1679.
5. Another daughter was born about 1680 and married a Smith.
6. Susannah Smithwick was born in Shaftesbury Precinct about 1682, and married William Charlton.
7. Edmund Smithwick was born about 1684 in Chowan Precinct. He died in 1774 in Martin County, NC. He moved to Cashie’s Neck about 1720 and later appears to have lived south of the Roanoke in present Martin County on Smithwick Creek. It was his will dated May 11, 1772, which shows sons named Edmondson Edmond Smithwick, Edmondson John Smithwick, Edmondson Samuel Smithwick, and daughters Hannah Jordan, Sarah Carkeet and Africa Blount. His wife’s name is not known but these names suggest she might have been an Edmondson.
8. Samuel Smithwick, born about 1685 in Chowan Precinct, was a son of Edward Smithwick whose Will was made in Chowan Precinct, Jan. 21, 1715, and proved in 1716. He married Mary Swaine, about 1720 in Chowan. She was born about 1698 in Albemarle Precinct, NnC, and died before Feb. 3, 1738, in Bertie Precinct. Samuel died after 1743 in Tyrell County, NC. They had: Samuel Smithwick, Jr., Elizabeth Smithwick, John Smithwick and Sarah Smithwick. Samuel died in Bertie County after 1750.
Sarah Charlton Smithwick was born in Tyrell County, NC. She married Luke Mizell, IV about 1735 in Tyrell County. They had William Mizell, Luke Mizell V, Sarah Mizell, Benjamin Mizell, David Mizell, James Mizell, John Mizell and Charlton Mizell. (Susannah Williams Knight is a descendant. The Smithwick Family history is found in Nansemond County, Virginia.
There is an Edmond Smithwick whose will is found in Martin County Probate Records. He made his will in May, 1774, probated July 1774. He was wealthy, owned several plantations. He named his four sons executors, all of whom had first names of Edmondson: Edmondson Edward Smithwick, Edmondson John Smithwick, Edmondson Samuel Smithwick and Edmondson Smithwick, a most unusual pattern. He had a daughter Mary Carkeet who had three children: Sarah, Lydia and Clory. (Provided by Nancy Wood, 2008) The Census of NC for 1784-87 shows several Smithwicks. In Martin County: District 7. William Smithwick (21-60 years); Edmunds Smithwick (21-60 years); Edward Smithwick, Esq., (21-60); Luke Smithwick (21-60 years); Edward Smithwick, Jr. (21-60); John Smithwick Sr.; John Smithwick, Jr.; Samuel Smithwick; Samuel Smithwick, Esq.. Thus many families live in the same area of Martin and would seem to include the sons of Edmond Smithwick. The census record does not show Edmondson as part of any of these names, however.
1719. The Will of Robert Cartwright of Princess Anne County, Virginia, proved in 1719, makes the following bequest: “I give and bequeath unto my son John Cartwright two hundred and fifty acres of Land in Nuce River on the south side of South river to him and his heirs forever allso I give unto my said son John fifteen barrels of pitch due to me from Joseph Edmonson in Nuce river”. (Virginia Antiquary, Vol. I, p. 54; Princess Anne County Loose Papers, 1700-1789, by John Harris Creecy. Box A, p. 54.)
Craven Precinct Poll Tax Lists (called “Pole Tax” in the documents) for 1718 and 1719 show Joseph Edmonson, John Biggs, Martin Franks, Thomas Green, Richard Graves, Titus Green.
1723. North Carolina Colonial Records, Vol. 25, p. 190: Joseph Edmondson is listed as a Juryman in Craven Precinct. Hawk’s History of North Carolina, Vol. 2, p. 61-67, lists jurymen in all eight precincts of N.C. Jurymen were freeholders. In Craven Precinct, 44 jurymen are listed, among them John Biggs and Joseph Edmondson, the only Biggs and Edmondson listed for all the precincts.
Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Craven County, at New Bern, December, 1731, p. 51. Case of Hardy vs. Edmonson.
P. 49. Joseph Edmonson is involved in laying out a road from the head of Brown’s Creek.
P. 54. Case of Hardy vs. Edmonson. Plaintiff Hardy asks for time to amend.
Case of Kelling vs. Edmonson. Issue joined March 21, 1731/32.
P. 58. June, 1732. Case of Hardy against Edmonson.
Case of Kelling against Edmonson, continued.
P. 61. Case of Hardy against Edmonson, referred for trial.
Case of Kelling against Edmonson, no cause for action.
P. 69. Case of Hardy against Edmonson. Judgement for the Plaintiff. Six pounds and costs.
P. 109. Case of Hopton against Joseph Edmonson. Jury found for Hopton. Edmonson’s attorney moved for arrest of judgement.
June 12, 1736. Joseph Edmondson witnessed a gift of land near Orchard Creek from Elizabeth Craft to her grandson Francis Dawson.
June 16, 1742. Deed Book 1, p. 372. Joseph Edmonson sells for 500 pounds “current money” 100 acres in Craven County “beginning at the fork of the creek which divides White Hall Neck and Smith Neck, running up the creek on one side and up the gutt on the other side to a bridge”, “being part of a tract of land containing 900 acres granted by William Keith to James Keith and by said Keith to Joseph Edmunson and John Caraway, to John Edmondson 100 acres and to John Caraway 800 acres” and “now by said Joseph Edmonson to John Nelson.” . Signed by Joseph Edmondson.
THE COLONIAL RECORDS OF NORTH CAROLINA, Vol. 4, 1734-52, p. 650:
“At a council held at Edenton the 17th of November, 1743, was read the following petitions for warrants, namely Joseph Edmonson, Craven, and others”. Records of the Executive Council, 1735-1754. P. 153. Petitioned for warrant Videlicet—Craven—Joseph Edmondson 150 acres. Granted.
North Carolina HEADRIGHTS TO LAND, 1740-1753, File No. SS-906, and Council Journal, File G.O. 113, for Craven County: Joseph Edmondson, June, 1742. Eight total headrights, four slaves.
The Will of Joseph Edmondson was dated 4 August 1743 (Secretary of State Proceedings, Court of Chancery and Wills, 1712-54, Craven County. See North Carolina Archives and History, 28.801.6).
“In the name of God Amen, the 4th day of August, 1743, I Joseph Edmondson of Craven County in North Carolina being weak in body but perfect memory Thanks be to God, therefore calling to mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die, do make and ordain this my last will and Testament, that is to say primarialy and first of all, I recommend my Soul into the hands of God that gave it and my body I recommend to the Earth to be buried in a Christian manner at the discretion of my Executors, nothing doubting
but at the general Resurrection I shall receive the same again by the mighty power of God and as touching such worldly Estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me with in this life, I give, devise and dispose of the same in the follow-ing manner and form:
Item. I give and bequeath to my son John Edmondson a negro girl named Hannah with all her increase to him and his heirs forever and also I give him my said son John Edmondson one feather bed and furniture also one gun.
Item. I give and bequeath to my son Thos. Edmondson one feather bed and furniture and one gun and two cows and calves, male and female and to have them at the age of 16 years and also one negro boy named Lick to him and his heirs forever.
Item. I give unto my daughter Eliz. Biggs one negro girl called Ferbe to her and her heirs forever.
Item. I give to my son James Edmondson 2 cows and calves to him at the age of 16 years.
Item. I give to my daughter, Anne Garrett, ten pounds current money of this province.
Item. I give to my daughter Sarah Fishpoole, five pounds current money of this provance.
Item. I give to my daughter, Mary Green, five pounds current money of this province.
Item. I give to my eldest son Jos. Edmondson, all my wearing apparel.
Item. I lend to my wife, Precellow Edmondson, my negro wench called Bess, with all the rest of my goods and chattels, money, owed debts or anything that may be called mine, moveables or unmoveables whatsoever to her during her life or till the date marriage. Further my desire is that if the Negro wench Bess should live and bear three children that these children shall go to my three youngest children, namely, the first to my son James Edmondson, the next to my daughter Mary Edmondson, the next to my daughter Precillow Edmondson and in case the said Negro Bess shall fail to breed so that the children or any of them should fail to have a Negro child as aforesaid my wife, Precillow Edmondson, shall pay to each of my children, when they come of the age of 16 years one hundred and fifty pounds of current money of this County and Provence in lew of thereof to be paid out of my Estate.
And further my desire is that if my wife, Precullow Edmondson, should marry then all the estate I have lent to her shall be equally divided among her children equally, that is to say, John Edmondson, Thos. Edmondson, Jas. Edmondson, Mary Edmondson and Precillow Edmondson and also I constitute, make and ordain my well beloved wife, Precillow Edmondson, and my son, John Edmond-son Together, my whole and sole Exors. of this my last will and Testament, all and singular, my goods and chattels, Moveable & immoveable, to me belonging, Frankly to be possessed of and enjoyed and I do hereby utterly disavow, revoke and disannull all other Will, Ratifying and confirming this and no other to be my last Will and Testament. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and Year above written.
Signed and sealed in the presence of us:
Richard Bath Joseph Edmondson
Jo. Gad (Goode)
The will of Joseph Edmondson, decd., proved by the oath of Elias Martin and Jos. Gad and evidence thereto this 19th day of March, 1744.
A. Rutledge, C.C.
Craven County Court Minutes, Vol. 3.
(The original will in the N.C. Dept of Archives and History, Raleigh, is badly dis-colored and parts of it are unreadable. A transcription in the Secretary of State’s office gives the wording above, with an obvious error in the year of probate the transcription giving it as 1743).
Joseph’s first wife’s name is unknown. An older daughter of his first marriage was named Mary as was a daughter of his second marriage who was single and apparently a minor when his will was drafted.
Exact birth order is not known. The following is reasonable:
1. Joseph Edmondson, eldest son. Apparently born in Virginia. Name of mother not known but she had died before his father moved to North Carolina. Records in Essex County show two children were left there in the care of Joanna Smith for whom she had to ask the court to order payment in Joseph’s absence in N.C. This son died in 1766 and Inventory of his estate, March, 1766, was signed by Thomas Nelson and Joseph Edmondson. The inventory by Joshua Fulsher included an inventory of his wife’s estate when “he married her”. Edmondson buyers at the estate sale included Joseph and Hannah Edmondson. The sale was conducted Dec. 10, 1766. Hannah Edmondson appears to be his widow. Joseph Edmondson who signed the inventory might have been his son.
2. Mary Edmondson who married James Green, his first wife. Their gravestones have been found on the Green-Dawson plantation in the Jasper area, about 12 miles from New Bern. “Mary Edmondson Green consort of James Green, died Jan. 15, 1780, age 70 years”. “James Green, Sr., died 4 Oct. 1788, age 78 years”. (Letter of James Creech. Gravestones copied by Elizabeth Moore, Feb. 27, 1966). James Green might have been a stepbrother of John Biggs, son of Susannah Biggs Green. This older daughter, born about 1710, would be a child of Joseph’s first marriage.
3. Elizabeth Edmondson who married John Biggs, possibly the son of Susannah Green by a former husband. .
4. Anne Edmondson who married Mr. Garrett.
5. Sarah Edmondson who married Mr. Fishpoole.
6. John Edmondson, oldest son of the second marriage to Priscilla, born in 1717. Married Mary Barrington, dau. of Isaac Barrington. Died probably in Georgia after 1802 and possibly as late as 1810-1811.
7. Thomas Edmondson
8. James Edmondson, underage when his father’s will was made.
9. Mary Edmondson, underage when her father’s will was made.
10. Priscilla Edmondson, underage when her father’s will was made.
(Christy, the wife of a descendant of Joseph and Priscilla, wrote to SWE in 2002, saying her husband was a great-grandson of Morris William Edmondson and Martha Benford Edmondson. She gave Joseph’s Edmondson’s parents as Thomas Edmondson and Mary Underwood Edmondson, citing no source. I have never heard Underwood proposed as the name of Thomas’s second wife, Mary. SWE).
Oct. 15, 1743. An old muster roll for the Company of Col. Cason Brinson, Sr.,
lists Christopher Dawson, Lieutenant, William Speight, Sergeant, Thomas Speight, John Speight, Richard Hill, Thomas Hill, William West, Thomas Edmanson, James Edmanson. The latter two are listed as living outside the district. See State Archives, Raleigh.
June 16, 1746 (1745?). Deed Book 3, p. 222. Thomas Carraway, Jr. deeded to Joseph Edmundson, Jr. for 60 pounds currency of the Province land on the north side of the Neuse and on the east side of a small creek called Cooshaw containing an estimated 89 ½ acres, one half of a tract patented by Thomas Carraway. Located below Cooshaw Bridge. Witnessed by John West, John Nelson, Jr., and Thomas Carraway.
Dec. 1747. Craven County Court Minutes, Vol. III. A power of attorney from Thomas Edmondson to Charles Adams was proved by the oath of Jno. Campbell.
1754. The Colonial Records of North Carolina, Vol. 22, p. 315, shows a militia company in Craven County in 1754, commanded by Capt. John Shine, which included Joseph Edmonson, corporal, and John Edmonson, ensign, almost certainly his brother. Seventy men were in the company.
June 30, 1758. Patent Book 2, p. 196, #1197. Benjamin Hall. 325 acres in Craven County on the N. side of Neuse River between the head of Cashaw Creek and the head of Smith’s Creek sometimes called Old Plantation Creek, joining the Main pocoson, John Mills, John Nelson, Jos. Edmondosn, a branch of Cashaw Creek, former land of Thomas Carraway, Jr. and both sides of old plantation creek. (Abstracts of Land Patents, Vol.1, by M. Hofman. Provided by Anne Kemp).
July 15, 1759. Joseph Edmundson witnessed the will of Farnifold Green in Craven County. He lived near Broad Creek.
Sept. 13, 1759. Benjamin Hall of New River, Craven County, sold a tract of 100 acres to Joseph for two pounds four shillings. The land was located on the east side of Cashaw Creek and “on the north side of the plantation whereon the said Joseph Edmondson now lives”. A large poplar tree standing in the Pocasin is a corner tree for the property. (Deed Book 11, p. 203).
1759. Thomas Edmondson witnessed a deed of land to Joseph Edmondson, probably his brother, in Craven. Deed Book 11, p. 203.
Sept. 25, 1760. The inventory of the estate sale of Thomas Edmundson listed among the buyers: Pissilah, James, Joseph, John and “old Mrs. Edmondson”. The latter bought a side saddle. James bought “a parsell” of his brother’s clothes. Pissilah bought a Bible, as bed, a bolster and a rug. John bought a negro man. Joseph bought two horses. (Craven County Wills and Estates, A-E, 1736-1857). Thomas left no known descendants.
Nov. 27, 1762. Patent Book 15, p. 466. #6395. William Bryan, 90 acres in Craven County on the N. side of Neuse River on the head of Smiths Creek, joining Green Branch Run, Farnifold Green, Joseph Edmondson, Benjamin Hall, the Road side, sd Bryan’s own corner, his old lines and Green Point Run. (Vol. I, Abstracts of Land Patents, by M. Hofman, provided by Anne Kemp)
Jan. 7, 1779. Hannah Edmondson signed her mark (x) as witness to the will of William Oliver. Hannah then came into court and swore that she had witnessed the same when the will was proved. Hannah Edmondson, probably Joseph’s widow, married Peter Joseph Casso, January 5, 1783, in Craven County.
James Edmondson, under age of 16 in 1743. Son of Joseph and Priscilla. Craven County Deeds Book 11, p. 203, shows him as witness to sale of land to Joseph Edmondson, Sept. 13, 1759. Deeds Book 11, p. 348: Elias Martin of Craven sells to James for three pounds a 47 acre tract on the north side of the Neuse in the northwest part of Martin’s patent, beginning at John Biggs’ corner in the Pocasin and bordering on Hall’s land and the main road. Date: March 5, 1764. James buys from Benjamin Hall a seven acre tract on the head of Green Point Run, in the southwest part of a patent granted to John Edmondson and conveyed by him to Benjamin Hall, the tract beginning near “said James Edmondson’s house along a line to John Biggs’ corner”. Date: September 25, 1764.
The Inventory of James’ estate was signed in July, 1766, by Aliss Edmondson, administrator, with her mark. The Sale on Sept. 5, 1766, shows among Edmondson buyers: Aliss, bed and furniture, 2 Delft bowls, Bible, frying pan; Joseph, shoemaker tools. Other buyers: Nelson, Dawson, Green. No known children. (Craven County Wills and Estates, A-E, 1736-1857).
John Edmondson, 1717- after 1810?
The eldest son of Joseph and Priscilla Edmondson, John is named in his father’s will in 1743 and was joint executor with his mother. He was bequeathed a negro girl slave, Hannah, a gun and a feather bed and furniture. He lived his early years in the Upper Broad Creek area of Craven County. His wife is believed to have been Mary Barrington, daughter of Isaac Barrington. See deed below.
Isaac Barrington received a Craven County land grant in 1738. He or an older Isaac Barrington was in Lower Norfolk County, Virginia, in 1666. He and Henry Price proved a will, August 18, 1821, in Norfolk County.
John Edmondson petitioned for land and the Colonial Council at New Bern granted him 300 acres, October 13, 1749 (Governor and Council, Vol, 4, p. 968).
Craven County Deeds, Book 7, p. 94: William Carruthers of Beaufort County, N.C. deeded to John Edmondson of Craven County for ten pounds a tract of land
between Goose Creek and Broad Creek, 150 acres more of less, part of a tract of 300 acres granted to Carruthers June 10, 1750. Deed dated January 28, 1752.
Deed Book 9-10, p. 332. In 1757, John Edmunson and Mary Edmunson of Craven County “planters” for 56 pounds paid by Benjamin Hall convey 300 acres on the west side of Cushaw Creek and one of the branches of Smith Creek, patented March 27, 1754. Deed signed by John and Mary Edmunson each using a mark. Witnessed by Isaac Barrinton. Justices heard Mary Edmunson, wife of John Edmunson, in private session. She acknowledged that she signed and executed “said deed without fear or compulsion from her said husband”.
John served as ensign in a militia company under Captain John Shine in 1754 in Craven County with his brother Joseph, a corporal. Seventy men were in the company. North Carolina Colonial records, Vol. 22, p. 315. He was listed again in 1755, still ensign (p. 317).
Feb. 10, 1756. Deeds Books 9-10, p. 135: Isaac Barrenton deeded to John Edmonson of Craven County 100 acres of land on the north side of the Neuse and on the west side of Upper Broad Creek, part of a tract of 200 acres in the original patent.
Dec. 5, 1757. Patent Book 2, pg. 169. William Speight. 120 acres in Craven County on the west side of Upper Broad Creek back of his own land, joining the swamp near the run side, Barrington’s corner, and John Edmundson. (From Anne Kemp, found in COLONY OF NORTH CAROLINA, 1735-1764, ABSTRACTS OF LAND PATENTS, Vol. I, by Margaret M. Hofman)
Feb. 21, 1761. Francis Hill sold to John Edmondson 75 acres on the north side of the Neuse River, on the east side of Broad Creek, taken out of a patent for 400 acres “that Christopher Dawson has got a patent for”. Samuel Robearts, Thomas Whitford and Isaac Barrington, wit. Records of Craven County, Vol. I.
At Colonial Council November 27, 1762, John and his mother Prucella presented a petition setting forth that he was possessed of two patents viz., one for 100 acres granted in the ad-ministration of Governor Johnston to his mother Prucella Edmundson, being dated 20 of April, 1745, the other for 300 acres granted in the administration of late President Rowan to your petitioner and dated 27 March, 1754, both situated in Craven County and on the North side of the Neuse River and on Cashaw Creek. He wished to resign the 100 acre patent in order to avoid further payment of taxes on it. (North Carolina Colonial Records, Vol. 6, p. 771).
Craven Co January Court 1764, Wm. Davis & James Lane Enquiry. Jury included John EDM, Wm. Barran, John Fonvielle, Jr. Found for plantiff.
(This Wm. Barron probably m. Prudence Davis & shows up in SC & GA. I've been interested in the Barron's as being a possible family for my Margaret b. 1805 NC/SC. Note from
September 30, 1766. Deeds 12-13, p. 34.
John Edmondson of Craven County for 60 pounds “proclamation money” paid by James Barrenton deeds 100 acres of land on the “north side of the Neuse River and the west side of Upper Broad Creek”, part of a tract of 200 acres patented February 27, 1735. Signed by John Edmondson with his mark and witnessed by Isaac Barrenton and William Barrenton, using their marks.
October 15, 1766. Deeds 12-13, p. 133. Isaac Barrenton, Jr., grants to John Edmunson for 35 pounds a tract of land on the north side of the Neuse River in Craven County and the north side of Upper Broad Creek, 150 acres Witnessed by
John Barrenton and James Barrenton.
September 14, 1768, John Edmondson, James Barrenton, and James Reel signed a bond for Isaac Barrenton, deceased, to Governor William Tryon in the sum of 100 pounds.
May 5, 1769. John Edminston received a Crown Patent for 640 acres on the north side of the Neuse and the east side of Upper Broad Creek, joining William Speight’s land, Roberts’ line and the Savannah and Solomon Edminston (Patents
Book 20, p. 483. Colony Land Patents, 1765-1775, Hofman.). Note: Upper Broad Creek now divides Craven County and Pamlico County. This property is now in Pamlico which was formed in 1872.
(Note: Solomon Edminston is Solomon Edwards. See other deeds. )
Craven County Taxables in 1769 included Joseph Edmondson with 1 white poll and John Edmondson with 1 white poll, 1 black poll, and 1 black female.
February 25, 1772. Deeds 20, p. 192. John Edmondson conveyed to Benjamin
Price of New Bern, “ship carpenter”, for 55 pounds proclamation money 75
acres on the north side of the Neuse River and the east side of Upper Broad Creek, adjacent to “land whereon Samuel Roberts late dwelt” and land formerly
owned by Richard Hill, being part of a patent for 400 acres granted to Christ-opher Dawson, deceased. Signed by John Edmondson with his mark and wit-nessed by John Green and Christopher Nealy.
1772. John Edmondson deeded land to Richard O’Dowdee. Bk. 23, p. 175.
March 1, 1775. Deeds 21, p. 275. John Edmondson of Craven sold to William
West and J. Cooper for ten pounds a 100 acre tract on the north side of the Neuse and on the northwest side of Saucer’s branch, beginning near the main road, John Edmondson’s line, and bordering on Edwards’ and Spaight’s line. He appears to have received this land in “fee simple”. Signed by John Edmondson with his mark and witnessed by John West and Daniel West.
Also, March 1, 1775, John Edmondson, planter of Craven County, sold to John West for thirty pounds proclamation money 300 acres on the north side of the Neuse and on the northwest side of Deep Run, granted by patent to John Edmondson May 5, 1769, near Solomon Edwards’ line a little above the main road. Witnessed by William West and Daniel West (Deeds 21, p. 277).
March 7, 1776. Deeds 22, p. 330. John Edmonson of Craven deeded to Thomas Spaight of Craven for six pounds proclamation money 300 acres on the north side of the Neuse and on the west side of Upper Broad Creek, on the south side of Spring Creek Swamp and along Thomas Spaight’s line on the south side of Goose Pond. Witnessed by John Barrenton and Sara Dudley, the latter using her mark.
Deeds 23, p. 175. Isaac Barrington and John Edmondson of Craven deeded to Richard O’Dowdee for 15 pounds a 52 acre tract in the fork of Upper Broad Creek, part of a patent to Isaac Barrington, deceased, on the Mirey Branch and bordering Robert Turner “which said land was intended heretofore to be conveyed by the said Isaac Barrington to the said John Edmondson but by an omission or error in inserting the courses the title of the said John Edmondson became doubtful and is now established by Barrington joining in the deed. Signed by Isaac Barrington (his mark) and John Edmondson (his mark) and witnessed by Christopher Nealy and William Dudley.
June 8, 1778. Court Minutes show the case of John Edmondson vs. John Cliter-all: motion for trial to which Mr. Gray attn’y for def. Objected because of the examination of Jos. Cook and others who are now in the Continental Service and that the def. cannot come to trial without their testimony. Court records checked to 1784 by Nancy Taylor revealed no further action in this case.(CR28.301.12, p. 83).
The 1779 Tax List for Craven does not show John Edmondson.
1782. In a list of patents granted by the state of North Carolina for Craven County reference is made to John Edmondson’s corner in a deed to Daniel West for 280 acres on the east side of Upper Broad Creek, “beginning at John Edmondson’s corner”. This would fit the location of John’s land as stated in other documents.
State Records of North Carolina, Vol. 16, shows John Edmonson, private, 10th Regiment Colonial Line, Hadley’s Company, who enlisted August 1, 1782, and was discharged May 13, 1783. If this man is John Edmondson who was born in 1717, he would have been 65 years of age when he enlisted. The soldier would appear to be another John Edmonson.
1787. Patents Granted by the State of North Carolina, Craven County (Records of Craven County, Vol. I). To John Carruthers, Furnifold Green and Thomas Nelson, 640 acres on the north side of the Neuse River, on the head of Smith Creek, beginning at Edmondson’s line to the beginnin, including a patent of John Bryan’s for 200 acres.
No record of John’s movements from 1778 to 1785 is available. He appears next in Wilkes County, Georgia, where the remnant tax list for 1785 shows “in Capt. Ledbetter’s District, John Edmunson, 1 and ½ polls, 1 slave, 200 acres, Wilkes County.” A deed transferring land from Thomas and Susannah Gambill to John Parrish for 35 pounds refers to John Edmondson as an adjoining landowner with B. Few, Henry Parks, George Cooper, Widow Coullars and Henry Parrish (Deeds A, p. 222, 3 Jan., 1788). John was deeded 200 acres on Long Creek by Ed and Mercy Nugent, Nov. 17, 1788, agreeable to a grant to Nugent in 1784. This was witnessed by John Nugent and William West (Wilkes County Deeds GG, p. 229).
Frank P. Hudson constructed a 1790 Census of Wilkes County from militia records, tax digests and other sources. He shows “John Admanson” in Captain Medlock’s militia district, No. 40 on the taxpayers’ list, with 200 acres of land.
A deed dated July 7, 1790, in Wilkes County, Georgia, is found in Book TT, p. 49:
“To all people to whom these presents shall come, I John Edmonson do send these present greetings: know that I the said John Edmonson of the State of Georgia and County of Wilkes Planter for and in consideration of the Love, Good Will and Affection which I have and do bare toward my loving daughters, first Sarah James of the State of South Carolina, Marlborough County, and Mary Dudley of the State of North Carolina in New Bern have given and granted and by these presents do freely give and grant unto the said Sarah James and Mary Dudley a negro woman named Rose and the said Rose and her increase now in the possession of the above named Mary Dudley to be equally divided between the above named Sarah James and Mary Dudley and to belong to the respective heirs of their bodies forever of which before the signing of thers presents I have delivered to the said Mary Dudley for the purpose herein mentioned or intended in these presents which premises is clear of any inventory in my possession and when titles according to the time intent and meaning of these presents shall be clear of me and my Heirs, Executors, Administrators, and Assigns and from them shall be the property of them and their Heirs forever. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this 7th day of July one thousand Seven Hundred and Ninety. (The word Rose between the tenth and eleventh lines interlined before signed in the original.)
Signed, Sealed and delivered in the presence
of witnesses: John Edmonson (his mark)
Abdolem Bearden (his mark) M. Bush, J.P.
Joseph Edmundson and Nathan Barrington were chain carriers for the survey of a 92 acre grant to John Edmundson adjacent to John’s 200 acre farm. The land warrant was signed by R. Worsham, Wm. Rogers, and Henry Monger, dated March 7, 1791. Adjoining owners were Robert Barnetts, Torrence, Thomas and
and McMurrins (see Wilkes County Land Grants, Book D, p. 157, 1785-1822). John paid a fee and the grant was advertised March 20, 1791.
Warren County was created December 19, 1793, from parts of Columbia, Han-
cock, Richmond and Wilkes counties. John Edmondson’s land was located in the new county.
Isaac Edmondson was a resident of Wilkes in 1790 when John executed the deed of gift for the slave. His name appears again in 1793 when John was granted more land which adjoined I. Edmondson’s land. (Index to Land Grants, 1784-1839. See Volume 30, Headright and Bounty Grants, State Archives, Atlanta). The TAX DIGESTS OF GEORGIA by Blair, p. 276, shows in 1793 in Captain Medlock’s District, Wilkes County:
No. 14. John Edmuston, Wilkes County, 200 acres of oak and hickory land, no wheeled carriages, one free white male person twenty one and upwards; tax evaluation of lands 15 pounds; at 8 shillings 2 pence per hundred pounds, tax
2 shillings 11 ¾ pence, adjoining Frend’s land.
No. 15. Isaac Edmuston, Wilkes County, 98 acres of oak and hickory land; one free white male twenty one and upwards; 7 pounds tax value; 2 shillings 4 pence tax; adjoining the land of Frend.
In the new county of Warren in 1794, four Edmondson men are listed in the Tax Digest:
No. 16. John Edmuston, one poll, no slaves, 200 acres of land, one shilling 6 pence per acre, fifteen pounds total value, Long Creek Watercourse.
No. 17. Isaac Edmuston, one poll, no slaves, 98 acres, one shilling 6 pence per acre, seven pounds total value, Long Creek Watercourse.
No. 29. Briant Edmuston, one poll, 100 acres, one shilling six pence per acre, seven pounds, ten shillings total value, Long Creek watercourse.
No. 30. Joseph Edmuston, one poll, no land listed, tax one shilling, nine pence.
All lived in Capt. Frend’s District.
Later tax lists are incomplete. The slaveholders list of 1798 shows no Edmondsons.
John had sold some of his land to Moses and Agnes Going as shown in a deed recorded 5 August 1801. Warren County Deed Book B, p. 13, refers to the sale of 92 acres by Moses and Agnes Going of Warren for 500 dollars to Prior Gardner, June 27, 1797, “granted to John Edmundson 6 March, 1790”.
Both John and Isaac owned land in adjacent Hancock County. Researched by David H. Robertson of Stone Mountain, the 1794 Tax Digest of Hancock (Reel 50-77, Georgia Archives) showed on p. 45:
Isaac Edmondson, Capt. Sanford’s District, 112 acres, Hancock County, Sweet-water Creek, granted to Mattox (Note: Isaac paid tax in Warren County in 1794. Sweetwater Creek is in Warren).
Deed Book E, p. 130. June 27, 1798. John Edmondson bought 100 acres on Rocky Creek in Hancock County from John Simmons of Hancock.
Deed Book L, p. 169. March 4, 1799. Isaac Edmondson bought 7 acres on the Ogeechee River in Hancock from Adam Jones and immediately resold it to Will-iam Sheffield, Hancock County.
Deed Book E, p. 104. December 24, 1800. John Edmondson sold 69 acres on Rocky Creek in Hancock County to Dixon Harp of Hancock. Dixon married Celia Edmondson, reputedly an orphan, in 1800. John sold other land to Harp in Hancock March 6, 1801. Harp sold out and moved to Baldwin County in 1806.
Another deed dated April 2, 1801 (Book B, p.29) shows the sale of 104 acres on the Ogeechee to Augusta road by John Torrance to Ansel Parrish for $300. This land was bounded by the property of Jesse James, John Edmondson, and
Robert Johnston, and was originally run for Charles McCullars, dec’d, part of a grant of 350 acres to Torrance 17 April, 1789. The deed was witnessed by Joel Neal and Jas. McCormick and was recorded 5 Dec. 1801. This suggests John Edmondson was still living in Warren County. He is again mentioned in a deed dated 27 November 1806 (Warren Deeds C, p. 378) when he is cited as an adjoining landowner to James Thomas, John Hutchins and Charles McCullars.
Nathan Barrington appears to have stayed in the area for a few years but was in default for taxes in Hancock County as he was listed Dec. 8, 1798, in the Augusta Chronicle. The newspaper listed John Edmonson and “Isaac Edwardson” as tax defaulters in Hancock August 7, 1812. As a following reference will show, John died before 1815, probably before 1812. Isaac had moved on to Bulloch County, Georgia, in 1805 and had died in Savannah in 1810. John appears to have been around ninety years of age at his death.
Other information found by Kristina Simms in the files of the Chronicle show John’s legal contentiousness. A notice to “Mr. Smith”: “I find in the Southern Centinal, a notice of John Edmonson dated September the 20th, 1799, that I had obtained a note for twelve hundred pounds of tobacco, in March, 1795, payable in December ’95 through a defraud. Please insert in your Augusta Chronicle, the following affadavit, which is taken from the original.” Robert Abercrombie.
“State of Georgia. Warren County. This day appeared Parks King before me, one of the justices of the peace, and being duly sworn, deposeth in faith, that he came to the house of John Edmonson on or about the 20th March, 1795, and the said John Edmonson had or was about to give his note in hand to Robert Abercrombie, for twelve hundred pounds of tobacco, and the deponent further saith that he saw no appearance of any defraud in the said Robert Abercrombie ……”. Parks P. King (his mark).
John was a member of Long Creek Baptist Church, formed in 1786. Nathan Fowler deeded two acres to Adam Jones and Edmund Nugent “the now chosen elder and manager” for “a Baptist congregation now Imbodied and United” (Deeds B, p. 80-81). John Parrish signed the covenant. John Edmondson was the eighteenth signer, had been received by letter and shown on the member-ship roll as number eight, apparently a founding member. His neighbor Thomas Friend was another member. “Rebeckah Edmunson” was received by letter as member no. 77, was later shown as “dead”, no date given. Her identity is not clear. (Might she have been the mother of Celia who married Dixon Harp?)
Church minutes refer to John Edmondson January 19, 1793, state that John was to cite Mr. Jones to attend the next session of the church to review his standing.
Church minutes mention January 18, 1795, John’s own shortcoming: “Brother Edmundson who has been overtaken by passion came forward and made a con-fession and acknowledged the transgression and his sorrow for the same which was satisfactory to the church”. On Saturday, November 19, 1796, a letter of dismission was granted for “Brother Edmunson”. The roll shows no Edmond-sons from 1799 to 1819 (See WARREN COUNTY HISTORY, Vol. 2, by Wilhoit)
Now, to prove the family connection of Bryant Edmondson, Mary Edmondson Dudley, Sarah Edmondson James and John Edmondson of Craven and Wilkes/Warren/Hancock County, Georgia:
Craven County Deeds Book 39, p. 232: William Dudley and Mary Dudley “his wife” of the County of Craven and Bryant Edmondson of Craven, (acting by his lawful attorney John T. West) sell to John West of Craven for $200 a tract of 640 acres on the north side of the Neuse in Craven County, on the east side of Upper Broad Creek bordering William Speight’s line near Roberts’ line and running to Solomon Edwards’ line “the said tract of land having been first granted to John Edmunson by patent May 5, 1769, and having descended to the said Mary Dudley and Bryant Edmunston the heirs of the said John Edmund-ston”. The deed was dated 1815 and signed by William and Mary Dudley, the latter using her mark. Mary Dudley was examined privately to assure her free concurrence. This was recorded again in Book 39, p. 366.
Mary Barrington Edmondson died in 1768, according to a letter from James Creech, Snow Hill, N.C., who did not provide his source. If her death did occur that year, it would appear Isaac Barrington, her probable father, died about the same time as a bond was signed September 14, 1768, to Governor William Tryon for 100 pounds by John Edmondson, James Barrenton and James Reel for Isaac Barrenton, deceased (Records of North Carolina, by Moore).
Children of John and Mary Barrington Edmondson likely include:
1. Isaac Edmondson, born about 1755 in North Carolina and died 1810 in Savannah, Georgia. His first name would appear to reflect the name of his grandfather, Isaac Barrington. Family tradition states he served in the Revolution but no written proof has been found. He leaves many descendants in Brooks and Lowndes Counties in Georgia, in Florida and now scattered over the U.S. He was clearly closely associated with John in Georgia, witnessed the deed of the slave in 1790 and lived next door to John for at least 15 years. See ISAAC EDMONDSON OF GEORGIA, by Stephen W. Edmondson, for a full account of his life and descendants.
2. Mary Edmondson who married William Dudley. THE BATTLE BOOK, published in 1930 by Herbert Bemerton, p. 703, gives this information:
“Battle, Brice, Montgomery, Alabama. Born Onslow County, N.C., 15 Oct. 1798. Died Montgomery, Ala., 12 May, 1835. Married 10 August, 1826, to Nancy Dudley. She was born 14 August, 1797. Died 21 March, 1863. She was the daughter of William Dudley and Mary Edmondson. Mary Edmond-son was born 9 Nov. 1752; died 27 September, 1822. She was the daughter
of John and Mary Edmondson.” The Census of 1790 for North Carolina shows only one William Dudley, living in Craven in New Bern District, with 1 white male above 16, 3 white females and 5 slaves.
3. Sarah Edmondson who married Mr. James and lived in Marlborough County, S.C., in 1790. Her husband was possibly William D. James, Judge of Equity in Marlborough, but was more probably Thomas Alexander James. His will signed 10 Sept. 1799, was probated 17 June, 1800, and showed his wife to be Sarah and son John. The will mentions a debt to William Allston’s estate and title to 750 acres. Isaac Edmondson’s son James married a woman named Sabra or Sarah James in Bulloch County, Georgia, possibly a relative of his aunt Sarah. Sarah James is shown in the 1800 Census of S.C. in Marlborough County, head of household.
4. Bryant Edmondson of Craven County, Wilkes/Warren, Georgia, and Orange County, N.C. See account below.
5. Joseph Edmondson who appeared in Wilkes with Nathan Barrington (prob-ably his cousin) in 1790 and was chain carrier for the land grant to John Edmondson that year, lived in 1794 near Briant (Bryant) and was probably the Joseph Edmondson listed in the Land Lottery of 1805 living in nearby Columbia County. He does not show in the 1820 Census. A legal notice in the Augusta Chronicle December 22, 1808, would appear to refer to him: “Columbia County. Whereas James Lampkin has applied to me for letters of administration on the estate of Joseph Edmondson late of said county, deceased…..” No information on marriage or children is available.
It is quite possible that John Edmondson married again after Mary’s death, perhaps to the Rebekah Edmondson who is listed in the Long Creek Baptist Church roll in the 1790’s. He would have been about 51 when Mary died. His place of death and burial are unknown. He seems to have left Warren County in 1796 when a letter of dismission was given him by the church, perhaps to move into Hancock where he and Isaac owned land. Isaac remained in Warren and was a resident there in 1805 when he participated in the land lottery. He moved south to Bulloch County about 1805. John, now a quite old man, might have moved with him. Family tradition and the public record are silent as to his date and place of death. His land in Hancock was advertised for unpaid taxes in 1812 and his son Bryan and daughter Mary Dudley sold his 640 farm in Craven County in 1815.
Joseph Edmondson, Son of Joseph and Hannah
Joseph signed the inventory of his father’s estate in March, 1766, with Thomas Nelson. The inventory was taken by Joshua Fulsher. Joseph and Hannah were buyers at the estate sale, November 10, 1766. Joseph was also a buyer at the estate sale of James Edmondson, Sept. 5, 1766, when he bought shoemaker’s tools. Little information is available on his life. His will was probated in Craven County in June, 1788, found in loose wills. His wife Margret is named, to receive “ all that was called hers when I married her”. He named sons: John, Edward, Simeon and Bryan. The will was witnessed by Jno. Biggs and William
Davis and executors were Joshua Fulsher and Ephram Fulsher (abstract of will provided by Sally Giddens Davis, Dallas, Texas). He had a daughter Elizabeth mentioned in Edward’s will.
1. John Edmondson. This man might well be the soldier listed in ROSTER OF SOLDIERS FROM NORTH CAROLINA IN THE REVOLUTION, p. 123, who was a private in Hadley’s Company, who enlisted August 1, 1782, for 18 months and deserted May 13, 1783. He is not listed in Craven County in the 1790 Census. His estate inventory was presented at the December Court Term, 1791, Craven County. Edmondson buyers at the estate sale included: Bryan Edmondson who bought a gun and coat; Simeon Edmondson who bought a hat and coat; Edward Edmondson who bought a saddle and shirt; Elizabeth Edmondson who bought a bed and furniture. It would appear Elizabeth was his sister named in Edward’s will. No wife or children are known.
2. Edward Edmondson. Will dated January, 1797, and probated March 18, 1797, names sister Elizabeth and brother Simeon. John Biggs and Jesse Lister were executors. His inventory was signed by John Biggs. No information on wife or children.
3. Bryan Edmondson. Probably the Bryan Edmondson shown in the census of 1790 in Craven County in New Bern District. His will dated 20 October, 1794, named two brothers Edward and Simeon and a sister Elizabeth. His friend Joshua Fulsher was executor. Witnesses were William Shine and Joseph Green. One half the money from his father’s estate to go to Joseph Green “for taking care of me in my sickness”. Will was probated 19 December, 1794. (NC Archives and History, 28.801.19. Contributed by Sally Giddens Davis).
4. Simeon Edmondson. Craven County Deeds 31, p. 388, shows deed of land from Simeon Edmondson to Thomas Delamar in 1795. Farnifold Green of Craven deeded to Simeon Edmundson of Craven, planter, for 75 pounds specie 100 acres on the north side of the Neuse and on the east side of Green’s Creek “as by patent bearing date of 11 of November, 1713”. This deed in 1796 is recorded in Deed Book 32, p. 671. Simeon’s will, dated 1799, mentions Edward Ryal, son of Elizabeth Ryal, Sarah Shine, daughter of
William Shine and Thomas Shanewolf. William Shine is executor. Inventory
In 1799 was signed by Thomas Shine.
5. Elizabeth Edmondson. Named in the wills of two of her brothers, she is possibly Elizabeth Ryal, mother of Edward Ryal, in Simeon’s will.
(See Loose Original Papers, Edmondson Estates, Craven County, 28.508.42, NC Dept of Archives and History).
Bryant Edmondson, Son of John and Mary Edmondson
This man is probably not the Bryan Edmondson listed in Craven County in the 1790 Census of North Carolina, New Bern District, who appears to be a single man and the son of Joseph Edmondson who died in 1788.
Briant Edmondson (Edmuston) was living in Warren County, Georgia, in 1794, shown in the Tax List (See Blair’s Tax Digest of Georgia). He lived on Long Creek Watercourse, a tributary of the Ogeechee River, near John Edmuston, Isaac Edmuston and Joseph Edmuston. His entry on the list, No. 29, shows:
“one poll, 100 acres, one shilling six pence per acre value; seven pounds ten shillings total value; adjoining the lands of Burnes and Hutchins.”
Joseph Edmuston who is shown in the same list appears to be living in his household with no land. Joseph had arrived in Georgia by 1791 when he and Nathan Barrington were chain carriers for a land survey for John Edmondson.
Briant is shown in no available records of Georgia prior to 1794.
He is not found in later Warren County records and should not be confused with another Bryant Edmondson who moved from Edgecombe County, N.C., to Twiggs County, Georgia, a few years later. The latter was born in 1782 and would have been too young to own land in Warren or to be considered for military service or voting. Likewise, Briant of Warren could not be the Bryant Edmondson whose will in Craven County is dated 1794, the year the latter man died.
Bryant Edmondson is shown in Craven County, N.C., in the 1800 Census, p. 241. This man is probably Bryant who was in Warren County, GA. . Craven County deeds begin to show land transactions involving Bryant Edmundson in 1801 when he was deeded land by Thomas Hall (Deed Book 35, p. 35).
Bryan Edmundson was deeded land in 1804 by Jeremiah Green et al, deed abstract not recorded. (Book 36, p. 344).
In 1806, Bryan Edmundson sold 200 acres to William Arendale except “one acre where the meeting house now stands”. This property adjoined James Green, Sam White and Farnifold Green. Land lines ran along Jumping Run and “the main road near the road crossing Stoney Branch”. The grant was patented by Thomas A. Green, sold to Thomas Phillips and then to Bryan Edmundson. The deed was signed by Bryan Edmundson using his mark (x) and recorded at December term, 1806. (Deed Book 37, p. 57). Also, August 9, 1806, Bryan sold to William Arendale 50 acres for ten pounds, located on the south side of the Neuse and near Reedy Branch, the easternmost part in Dobbs line. This tract was patented by Thomas Phillips (Deed Book 37, p. 62). This had been bought February 24, 1806, from Phillips (Deed Book 37, p. 65). The same day Bryan sold to Arendale for 25 pounds a 100 acre property with improvements on the south side of the Neuse. This was patented by Samuel White and lay near White’s property. The land was sold to Bryan Edmundson by Thomas Phillips (Deed Book 37, p. 63). The same day Bryan Edmundson sold another 100 acre tract on the south side of the Neuse “on Jumping Run in Dobbs line bordering Samuel White and Philips” to William Arendale “of the county of Lenoir” (Deed Book 37, p. 64). Thomas Phillips had deeded two other properties to Bryan in 1806 (Deed Book 37, p. 78,79).
A very significant deed is found in Deed Book 37, p. 24, which was indexed in the front of the volume at the courthouse in New Bern but not in the General Index of Deeds. This had apparently been overlooked by various researchers but was noted by Stephen Edmondson in 1991. The deed was dated August 11, 1806, and gives to Bryan Edmundson’s “lawfully begotten children” considerable property. James Edmundson was given a cow, a calf, a yoke of oxen, a dutch oven, two ploughs, four weeding hoes, one grubbing hoe, one trunk, a handmill, two skillets, a tea kettle, and other items. Matilda was given a feather bed and furniture, one horse, one yoke of oxen, one heifer, one bull, one bureau, a lot of pewter, a crocking vase, a table, a looking glass, four chairs, one stone pitcher, two wheels of cotton and linen, one loom, two flat irons, some flax and cotton, some books. This deed was signed by Bryan with his (x) mark. An inventory was done by Thomas Davis, John Green and James W. Green. Deeding of this property to his two children suggests Bryan was moving away or was preparing to marry again. The daughter Matilda might be the Matilda Edmondson who married Solomon Howland in Craven County, August 24, 1824. Where Bryant lived from 1806 to 1814 is not known. Deed records in Orange County, N.C., show he bought 200 acres March 11, 1814, for $250 from Allen Barber. The land was on Toms Creek. The deed was witnessed by Samuel Edmiston, no known relationship.
Bryant appears again in the Craven County land records in 1815 (Deed Book 39, p. 232) when 640 acres on the north side of the Neuse on the east side of Upper Broad Creek was sold, bordering William Speights’ line near Roberts’ line and running to Solomon Edwards’ line. The deed refers to “the said tract of land having been first granted to John Edmunson by patent May 5, 1769” and descending to Mary Dudley and Bryant Edmunston “ the lawful heirs of said John Edmunston”. The deed identifies the grantors as William Dudley and Mary Dudley “his wife” of the County of Craven and Bryant Edmundson of the County of Orange (acting by his lawful attorney John T. West). The buyer of the property was John West of Craven County. Mary Dudley was examined privately to assure her free concurrance in the sale. The deed was signed by William and Mary Dudley, Mary using her mark. The transaction is recorded again in Deed Book 39, p. 366).
The deed conclusively ties Bryant Edmundson and Mary Edmundson Dudley to John Edmundson who patented land in Craven County in 1769. Mary Edmund-son Dudley was tied to John in 1790 by another deed in Wilkes County, Georgia.
There can be no doubt of the family relationship. It seems almost certain then that Bryant who lived near John in Wilkes County was indeed John’s son.
Bryant bought land in Craven County in 1817 from Mary Curtis (Deed Book 39, p. 829). Bryan Edmundson “of the state of North Carolina and the town of New Bern” sold town lot No. 285 for $145 to William Fife. This lot was located on the west end of lot No. 284 on Broad Street, adjoining William Fife’s property. He signed with his mark (Deed Book 49, p. 421). He owned another town lot on the south side of Broad Street, beginning at the north corner of Lot 284, which he sold to John Morris of New Bern for $200. He again signed with his mark, March 4, 1824 (Book 43, p. 465).
The Census of 1820 shows Bryan Edmundson of Craven, a male above forty-five years of age, with wife between twenty-six and forty-five. They appear to have four children, two boys under ten years, a girl 10-16 and a girl under 10.
Brian Edmondson deeded land to John S. Morris in 1824 ( Book 43, p. 465.)
Bryan Edmundson’s will in 1831 left all his estate to his wife Asenath. She bought a town lot, No. 379, on Pollock Street, between Fleet Street and Queen Street, in New Bern, October 8, 1837, from Isaac Bryan Edmunson of New Bern (Deed Book 53, p. 76). The deed was signed by “Isaac Edmonson”. Asenath sold it two months later to Charles Saunders of New Bern for $150, a nice profit.
Asenath was described as “widow of Bryan Edmonson deceased of the County of Wayne in the State of North Carolina”, possibly referring to her current location or to Bryan’s last address. The deed of sale for the lot was dated Dec. 20, 1837, sold by Asenath (Deed Book 53, p. 102). Records in Craven make no further mention of her.
Isaac Bryan Edmundson, son of Bryan and Asenath, is not shown in later records in Craven. Bryan Edmundson, born March 24, 1809, in N.C., who moved to Knox County, Illinois, is a likely candidate. A diligent search for him by Stephen W. Edmondson has uncovered no other man who fits. This man married Eleanor Elliott, Aug. 23, 1835. She was born Nov. 5, 1813, and died July 8, 1844. Both are buried in Hunt Cemetery, Indian Point Township, Knox County, about 1 mile west of Illinois Route 41. He married Matilda Boyston in 1845. He died Dec. 29, 1884. The Census of 1850, Knox County, Illinois, p. 372, lists: Bryan Edmunson, 41, farmer, b. in NC. Matilda, 28, wife, b. in Ky. William H. 12, son, b. in Indiana. Other children born in Illinois: Wilson, 9, son. James R., 7. Isabel, 4. Nancy, 3. Sarah, 8 months.
Known children of Bryan Edmundson.
Four known children of his first marriage to Eleanor Elliott:
1. Mary J. Edmundson, born October, 1836, d. May 26, 1844, age 7 years.
2. William H. Edmundson, born about 1838, in Indiana. Married Jane Vanbosse in Knox County, 1864.
3. Wilson Edmundson, born Sept. 9, 1841, and died March 22, 1882 (tombstone). See Hunt Cemetery, Knox County, Illinois. Married Hannah Walters, in 1865.
4. James R. Edmundson, born August, 1843, and died in action at Fort Donnelson, Tennessee, Feb. 3, 1863, Private in Co. I, 83rd Regiment, Third Volunteers. Child of Bryant and Eleanor. Killed at Fort Donnelson.
Of his second wife, Matilda Boylston:
5. Isabella, b. c. 1846. Married Wallace J. Bone in Knox County.
6. Nancy J., b. c. 1847. Probably Nancy A. Edmundson who married Asa K. Owens, 1865, Knox County.
7. Sarah, b. 1850. Died March 26, 1851.
8. John E. Edmundson, b. May 29, 1852. Married Icabinda Morris in 1877. .
Bryan Edmundson married (2) Matilda Boyston in 1845. Matilda was born June 10, 1821, and died April 3, 1895 (tombstone). Their daughter Sarah born in 1850 and died March 26, 1851, age 1, is buried in the cemetery with her parents. They had one son, John E. Edmundson, who was born May 29, 1852, and married Icabinda Morris, Oct. 30, 1877, in Warren County, Illinois. Her parents were Stanton J. and Lavinia Coultas Morris. They had two children: Clyde M. Edmundson, born May 16, 1879; Mary L. Edmundson, born Feb. 24, 1881 (See Knox County Illinois History, 1886).
Bryan’s age in the census and his known date of birth in 1809 is a strong indication he was the son of Bryant and Asenath Edmundson of Craven County.
William and Amy South Edmundson are buried with members of their family in the Hunt Cemetery. He is not shown in the 1850 Knox County Census. One account states William was son of Robert and Nancy Edmundson of Virginia who moved to N.C. where William was born June 12, 1811. However, proof is needed for this. William and Amy had Wilson A. Edmundson, who died August 21, 1860, George Price Edmundson, July 6, 1853-June, 1916; an infant daughter who died in 1858; Naomi Elizabeth Edmundson, March 20, 1848-Jan. 26, 1914; Josephine Edmundson, Dec. 17, 1849-July 15, 1943. William and Bryant Edmundson were brothers who sold their farm to George Price Edmundson, William’s son. (See Edmondson Family Association Bulletin, No. 30, for information on these Edmundsons in Knox County, Illinois). The Census of 1820 shows Bryant and Asenath had two sons at home. Bryant and William could well be those two sons. Similar family names support a close relationship.
SOLOMON EDMONDSON lived in NC in the late 1700’ s as his son Thomas Edmondson was born there in 1785. Solomon was son of John Edmondson, born Sept. 1, 1699, in Maryland,( son of William Edmundson and Sarah Sharp) who married Mary Neal, July 3, 1730. Solomon, born July 26, 1744, married Susannah. A crown patent to John Edminston for 640 acres on the north side of the Nuse River and east side of upper Broad Creek was located near the savannah and land of Soloman Edminston (Patent Book 20, p. 483). This is probably an error as John Edmondson’s neighbor appears to have been Solomon Edwards. This Solomon Edmondson does not appear to have lived in Craven County at any time, but settled in Guilford County (later Yadkin). His son Thomas married Nancy Box before 1819, who was born in 1802-03 in N.C. They moved to Tennessee before 1820 where children were born and moved on to Indiana where Thomas died near Mattsville, White County. (See Knox County, TN).
In the late 1800’s two deeds in Craven mention another Solomon Edmondson. In 1894, he deeded land to P.H. Pelletier (Deed Book 113, p. 143). He deeded land in 1902 to Blades Lumber Company (Book 141, p. 135). This Solomon’s ancestry is not known to this compiler.
GREEN FAMILY IN CRAVEN COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA
The Greens have been associated in this county with the Edmondsons since the early 1700’s.
The Will of Farnifold Green, Oct. 26, 1711. (Provided by Nancy Edmondson Wood).
I give, Devise and bequeath all ye tract of Land whereon my now Dwelling House stand w’th all its buildings Improvem’ts & appurtenances, beginning at a Live Oak w’th Several Forks Standing at ye upper Side of ye first long Gutt below my house, near ye Mouth of ye Gutt being w’th several marks; thence running up ye River to a Corner Pine betwixt me & ____Dawson, Esqr., Standing near a small Marsh & by ye Dawsons old Corn Field fence and running from ye forementioned Live Oak up ye afst. Gutt; thence into ye woods No. untill three quarters of a mile from ye River be Completed; thence by a Line run an equal Distance from ye River to ye afsd. Dawson’s Line. And also, one Plantacon and all my lands Lying ye Lower side of broad Creek on ye No. Side of Neus River, neer to Piney point & near ye mouth of ye sd. River, unto my Son, Thos. Green, & to ye heirs of his body for ever.
I give, Devise & bequeath a Plantacon, with a Tract of land Beginning at a Live Oak neer to ye mouth of ye Gutt aforesd., so running down ye sd. River of Neus three quarters of a mile, thence No. Cross into ye Woods half a mile, and from ye aforementioned Live Oak No. one mile, And from there to ye End of ye Lower half mile Line, with all improvem’ts & Appurtenances thereto belonging; And also, my Entry and right to one Tract of Land Lying and being on ye lower side of ye first broad Creek above Captn. Jams. Beards Creek, beginning a quarter of a Mile above ye Indian landing, by Computation thence down ye sd. Creek half a mile, with all ye Priviledges & appurentances thereto belonging unto my Son, John Green, & to ye Heirs of his Body for ever; And for want of such Heirs to my Son, Farnifold Green, & the heirs of his Body for ever; & for want of heirs of ye sd. Farnifold Green, to my son James Green, & ye heirs of his body for ever; & for want of heirs of ye sd. Jams. Green, to my Daughters, Elizabeth & Jane Green, & their Heirs for ever.
I give, divise & bequeath a Tract of Land beginning at my cupper Corner Tree, on ye Creek, & running down ye Creek to ye first branch below the Plantation whereon his Brother, Titus Green now Lives; thence to ye fork of sd. branch, & thence up ye westermist parts of ye branch to ye head a line parele’ll ye head line quite a Cross to ye aforesaid Dawsons Line, unto him ye sd. Titus Green, and his Heirs for ever. All ye rest of my land in Greens Neck, whereon I now Live, I Give, divise & bequeath to my two Sonns, Farnifold Green & Jam’s Green, to be divided into two Equall parts by a Line Drawn from ye No. Most Corner of Jno. Green’s Land to ye, Vizt.: the upper part to Farnifold & ye heirs of his body forever, and ye other part to James & ye heirs of his body for ever, reserving to James Egress & Regress into ye Woods through Farnifolds parts. And also, I give, divise & bequeath unto my son, Farnifold, One Tract of Land Lying in Green Point neck on ye No Side of Neus River & unto ye Heirs of his body for ever.
I Give, divise & bequest ye Lower survey of Land wch. I made in Greens bay of ye No. Side of Neus River to him & ye heirs of his body for ever, Provided yt in my Will, yt in Case my Son Farnifold should dye without Heirs of his Body, then all ye land hereby Divided unto him shall decend, be & remain in my sd. Son, James & ye Heirs of his Body for ever; And in Case my sd. Son James should dye without heirs of his Body as aforesaid, then all ye Land Divided unto my Sons, Farnifold and James, shall Descend and be, remain unto my Two Daughters, Elizabeth & Jane, & to their Heirs for ever.
I Give, Divise & Bequeath unto my Daughter in Law, Ann Smithick, one Tract of Land Lying on ye No. side Neus River, Called Nottinggame points, yes: Two hundred & fifty Acres, to her & her Heirs forever.
I Give, divise & queath all ye rest of my Lands, Tenements or hereditam”ts, not hereby before Divided I Give, divise & bequeath to my Loving Wife, Hannah Green, & her heirs for ever.
I Give & bequeath unto my Son, Thos. A Young black Mare branded with FG & a Young gray Horse branded with FG on ye neer Butlock, and my bullet Gun, one Feather Bed & boulter, one Pillow, one Rugg & two blankets & two sheets.
And unto my son Jno. One Negro Woman Called Fillis, one Trumpett Mussel Gun, One Gray Mare ab’t two Years old, branded w’th FG on ye neer butlock.
And unto my Son, Farnifold, One Bay Mare branded w’th FG & her Coult w’ch is now by her Side, & one half of a Sixty Pound Bill of Exchange now sent to Virginia, In Order for to be sent for England, & a Couple of Cows w’th Calves, & my black Gunn, to be mark’d in his proper Mark ye next Spring after my Decease; ye Guns to be deliver’d to each of them well fix’t & in good Order.
And to my son, James, One Sorrel Mare branded w’th FG on ye near Buttock, and her Coult by her side, & one Negro man Call’d Nick, and ye other half of ye afsd. Sixty pound Bill of Ex., as aforsd.
And my Will is yt my sons aforementioned shall be Deem’s at full Age when they shall arrive at ye Age of Eighteen years respectively.
And to my two Daughters, Eliz. & Jane Green, I give & bequeath four young Cows w’th Cow Calves with their female Increase to mark’d in their proper marks ye next Spring after my Decease.
All ye rest of my goods & Chattells, rights & Creditts,my Debts being pd. funerall Charges Defray’d, I Give, & Bequeath unto my Loving Wife, Hannah Green, whom I also make & appoint my Sole Executrix of ys my last Will & Testamn’t & In Testimony whereof, I have hereunto fixt my hand & Seale, this 26th day of October, Anno Domini, 1711.
(If we assume Priscilla, who married Joseph Edmondson about 1714-1715, is a daughter of Farnifold and Hannah Green, why is she not named in his will? Was Priscilla actually a child of an earlier marriage of Hannah, perhaps to Smithwick? A stepdaughter Ann Smithick (Smithwick) is an heir under the will. Another document related to Smithwicks includes legacies to several young men with Edmondson in their names. What might that mean? Was Priscilla really a Smithwick? A relationship to Hannah seems possible, but we have no proof Priscilla was a daughter of Farnifold Green or of Hannah Green. It is unlikely she was a daughter of Richard Graves who does not mention her in his 1730 will. SWE)
Legacies devised by Farnifold Green seem to be covered in these documents:
1716. Court Minutes Book 1, pp. 97-147, Craven County.
Capt. Richd. Graves and Hanah his Wife came to Court and acknowledged her Right of Dower of ye sd. one hundr. and foure acres of land unto Eliz. Green. Ordr. It be Registered and it is registered in Book A fo.
Richd. Graves and Hanah his Wife came into Court and adknowledged the assignment of a patent for the land mentioned in ye afsd. Deed of Gift unto Eliz. Green ordered the assignmt. T be registered and it is registered in Book A fo.
Capt. Richd. Graves and Hanah his Wife came and acknowledged a deed of Gift of Two hundr. And Ninety acres of land unto James Green ordr. it to be registered and it is registered in Book A fo. .
Then came Capt. Richd. Graves and Hanah his Wife Into Court and adknowledged the assignmt. of a patent for ye land mentioned in ye above Deed of Gift unto James Green and his heirs ordr. it to be recorded and it is registered in Book A.
Then came Capt. Richd. Graves and acknowledged unto Jos. Edmondson and his heirs and assigns A conveyance for Two hundred and seventy acres of Land ordr. it to be registered and it is registered in Book A fo.
Then came Hanah Graves Into Court and acknowledged her Right of Dowry of ye above mentioned Land unto Jos. Edmundson ordr. it to be registered and its Registered in Book A fo.
(What these deeds and related court minutes do NOT prove is any actual familial connection between Joseph and Priscilla Edmondson and Hannah and Richard Graves. The deed involving them is a standard conveyance with the usual relinquishment of dower rights by the wife. No evidence this is a gift in any sense or a legacy. Any assumption that Priscilla is a daughter of Hannah or Richard Graves is just an assumption, in my opinion. SWE).
April 30, 1730. Craven Precinct. Will of Richard Graves. Deeds 1, p. 36. Probated Sept. 1730. To Son: Thomas Graves, plantation of 720 acres on Bachelor’s Creek, also plantation where I now live after his mother decease, South Side of Neuse, containing 600 acres. If he die without heirs, then to Richard Graves, son of Thomas Graves my brother. To Daughter: Mary Graves, plantation of 270 acres of land I had of Edmond Everet long on the lower side of Bachelor Creek. If she die without heirs, land to go to ___Graves, son of my brother Thomas. Other property and slaves (many) given to above children and to loving wife. Land mentioned in both Swift Creek and Core Creek areas. (Handwriting is very hard to read). . Cousins (nephews), Richard and Frances Graves (sons of his brother Thomas Graves). Son-in-law, Farnifold Green. Wife and Executrix: Hannah. Witnesses: James Green, Howell (X) Jones, Jno. Richards. (Jos. Buford?). Clerk of Court: C. Metcalfe.
An old muster roll for Craven County in the Archives, Raleigh:
October 15, 1743. The list of the Company of Col. Cason Brinson, Senior.
Christopher Dawson, Lieutenant
William West (later in Wilkes County, Georgia)
Thomas Edmanson (said to be “out of district” )
James Edmanson (said to be “out of district” )
List of Taxables in Craven and Jones Counties, 1769 (Journal of N.C. Genealogy, Vol. XI, No. 1, Spring, 1965):
p. 1406. Wm. Barrenton 1 white
James Barrenton 1 white
Isaac Barrrenton 3 whites
p. 1408. John Edmondson 1 white, 1 black male, 1 black female
Joseph Edmondson 1 white
(John Edmondson had bought a slave from his brother’s estate sale)
The 1779 tax list for Craven shows only Joseph Edmondson. (SS 30.1)
Marriages in Craven include:
Sedney Edmondson who married Alexander McAusland, March 4, 1786.
Margaret Edmondson who married Caleb Otterman, Oct. 4, 1788.
Elizabeth Edmondson who married Daniel Royall, Oct.17, 1797 (possibly the widow of Edward).
Matilda Edmondson who married Solomon Howland, August 25, 1824.
Wills in Craven:
1743 Joseph Edmundson SS 878-111 Ss
1744 Joseph Edmundson Will Book 6, p. 178
1788 Joseph Edmundson Will Book A, p. 166
1794 Bryan Edmundson Will Book A, p. 321
1797 Edward Edmundson Will Book B, p. 20
1799 Simeon Edmundson Will Book B, p. 88
1831 Bryan Edmondson Will Book C, p. 344
Inventories and Estate Sales in Craven.
Original Wills and Estate Papers, A-E, 1736-1757.
Inventory of the Estate of Thomas Edmondson, Sept. 25, 1860. All buyers were Edmondsons: Pissilah, Bible, bed, bolster, rug; James, parsel of his brother’s clothing; John, one negro; Joseph, two horses.
Inventory of Estate of James Edmundson, March, 1766. Sale Sept. 23, 1766. No Edmundson buyers listed. Signed by Aliss Edmundson (X) her mark.
Inventory of the Estate of Joseph Edmondson, March 29, 1766. Thomas Nelson and Joseph Edmondson, executors. Hannah Edmondson and Joseph Edmondson were only Edmondson buyers.
Inventory of Estate of John Edmondson, Dec. Term, 1791. Edmundson buyers listed included Bryan, who bought a gun and a coat; Simeon, who bought a hat and a coat; Edward, who bought a saddle and a shirt; Elizabeth, who bought a bed and furniture.
North Carolina Headrights to Land, 1740-1753
(File No. SS-906 and Council Journal File G.O. 113)
Joseph Edmondson, June, 1742, 8 free whites, 4 slaves
State Census of 1784-87: not available for Craven
Census of 1790: Bryan Edmondson, 1 white male over 16
Census of 1800: Bryant Edmonson. 1 white male under 10. 1 wm 26-45. No females. No slaves.
Census of 1810: no Edmondsons.
Census of 1820: Samuel Edmondson, Bryan Edmondson
Census of 1830: Bryan Edmondson, p. 123
1. Did any of the sons of Joseph Edmundson who died in 1743 produce descendants who moved into interior counties such as Edgecombe, Halifax, Wayne and Green?
2. What happened to Bryan’s son James? He would appear to be of age in 1806. Who was the mother of James? Was she the Rebekah Edmundson who was a member of Long Creek Baptist Church, Warren County, GA in the 1790’s? What happened to his daughter Matilda?
3. What happened to Bryan’s son Isaac Bryan after 1837? Knox County, Illinois? Was William Edmundson who lived in Knox County near Bryan the other son shown in the census of 1820.
4. Did John Edmondson of Craven/ Wilkes/Warren/Hancock marry a second time? Was Rebekah in Warren County, GA, his wife?
5. Was Isaac Edmondson of Wilkes/Warren/Bulloch in Georgia married and widowed before he married Ann Cox? Was Rebekah his wife? Where did he live before he moved to Georgia about 1790?
6. Who were the parents of Celia Edmondson who married Dixon Harp in the Warren/Hancock County area in Georgia and moved to Upson County?
7. Who was Samuel Edmondson in the 1820 Craven County census?
(Compiled by Stephen W. Edmondson, from various sources.
Subject to revision as additional information is obtained. Revised Dec. 2008).
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