Heinrich (Henry) Eck and his wife Anna Katharina (Ann Catherine) nee Tremmelin who settled in Richmond, Virginia were forced to emigate from Rineck, Baden in 1849, along with his brother Johann (John) Eck and his wife Karoline nee Herrmännin (Caroline Harmon) who settled in Ulster County, New York. I do not know what happened to their sister Magdalena Neff or their brothers Joseph or Martin. Their brother Andreas (Andrew) may have settled in New York City. They also had a 1st-cousin, Johann Joseph Eck who settled in Ulster County, New York. Interestingly, Heinrich (Henry) and his family settled in Virginia and remained Catholic, as are a majority of his descendants to-day; while his brother Johann (John) settled in New York, but somewhere along the line, possibly shortly after moving to New York, left the Church for the Baptist denomination.
Rineck was a small village that at the request of Elector Carl-Theodor became established as a home for drifters or homeless people (Landfahrer). There were twenty-eight original members of a new village created by the reigning local government on 23rd November 1787, with each family head given a small plot of land to grow a crop of multi-grain or flax. The land was poor and the climate did not cooperate. This resulted a failed social experiment and the residents turned to other activities to make do, such as basket weaving, shoe cobblers, circus acts, etc. The population grew to such an extent in a short time, that it was not able to provide for itself. Because of theft and robbery in the surrounding towns, these people were in such disrepute that they were forced to emigrate to America. (The town was known in the area as a gypsy camp.) The neighbouring towns paid for the forced emigration of the people of Rineck to North America. The residents were moved in three groups; the first group left Rineck on 3rd October 1849, the second on 11th May 1850 and the third 13th May 1850. A good portion of the Rinecker's migrated to Rochester, Monroe County, New York initially and then dispersed from there.
(Information from the Gemeinde Elztal web-site and from Rob Lockner, who received his information from Karl Wilhelm Beichert)
Karl Wilhelm Beichert has written a book ‘Muckental und Rineck’ (in German) which is very informative. There is a list of the first group forced to emigrate at:
Heinrich (Henry) Eck and his family (143-149) are in this group as well as his brother Johann (John) Eck and his family (150-157). Also listed in this group is their sister Magdalena Neff and her family (161-164), but they apparently went with a later group because she had a daughter born in Rineck on 7th January 1850. There is a Carl Ludwig Eck (137) and Barbara Eck (138), but I do not know how they are related. Also, there is Josepha Lochner and family (129-133) who are related somewhere along the line and eventually settled in Columbus, Nebraska, where they were founding members of Saint Bonaventure’s Church.
Here is the web-site of the 3rd Military Mapping Survey of Austria-Hungary. The page Stuttgart 27-49 has Rineck (listed as Rineckerhof). It is near the top, just west of Rittersbach, north of Muckenthal, east of Trienz and south of Limbach. (Below 50’)
Henry and John were sons of Johann Heinrich Eck and his wife Maria Magdalena nee Kamppin. Johann Heinrich Eck (b. ca. 1775, d. 16 May 1841, Rineck) married Maria Magdalena Kamppin (b. ca. 1785) on 17th July 1808 in Sankt Georg Kirche (Saint George’s Roman Catholic Church) in Rittersbach. They had thirteen children all born in Rineck, six lived to adulthood. Eva Magdalena (b. 11 Sept. 1806), Heinrich (b. 12 Jan 1811, d. 2 Sept. 1873, Richmond, Va.), Johann Joseph (b. 19 Feb. 1813), Johann (b. 18 June 1815, d. bef. 1880, Ulster Co., N.Y.), Johann Martin (b. 21 July 1818) and Andreas (b. 29 Nov. 1829, may have settled in N.Y.C.)
Johann Heinrich Eck was the son of Nikolaus Eck (b. ca. 1742, d. 6 Dec. 1809, Rineck) and his wife Magaretha nee Volzin (b. ca. 1742, d. 9 May 1808, Rineck). They had at least two other sons: Johann and Johann Adam (d. 5 Jan. 1801, Rineck)
Maria Magdalena Kamppin was the daughter of Andreas Kampp (d. bef. 1812) and his wife Maria Barbara nee Ritterin (b. ca. 1746, d. 3 Aug. 1815, Rineck). They had at least five other children: Peter, Katharina, Johann Anton (b. ca. 1781, d. 8 Mar. 1837, Rineck), Johann Joseph and Leopold (b. 27 Mar. 1792, Rineck, d. 10 Mar. 1812, Rineck).
Magdalena married Johann Chrisoph Neff (b. ca. 1800 possibly in Miltenberg), son of Thomas Neff and his wife Maria Anna Hartmännin, on 1 Oct. 1835 in Sankt Georg Kirche in Rittersbach.
Heinrich married Anna Katharina Tremmelin (b. 30 Aug. 1809, Duttenberg, d. 6 Feb. 1893, Richmond, Va.), daughter of Maria Franziska Tremmelin, on 13 Oct 1836 in Sankt Georg Kirche in Rittersbach.
Joseph married Margaretha Mayerin (b. 16 Sept. 1811, Rineck), daughter of Michael Mayer and his wife Anna Maria Grimmin, on 5 Dec. 1839 in Sankt Georg Kirche in Rittersbach.
Johann married Karoline Herrmännin (b. ca. 1817, Rineck, d. 18 Sept. 1902, Sholam, Ulster Co., N.Y.), daughter of Franz Adam Herrmann and his wife Maria Christina nee Bauerin, on 22 Oct. 1846 in Sankt Georg Kirche in Rittersbach.
Martin married Maria Anna Bühlerin, daughter of Anton Bühler and his wife Anna Maria nee Knodigin, on 24 Sept. 1846 in Sankt Georg Kirche in Rittersbach.
Paul E. Thurston
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