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After much research, I have not been able to link the name DeVaughn to French origins. The only DeVaughn's I found in France or England were from the US. Most Europeans that I've spoken to believe the name is of Dutch origin but likely spelled different. There is a French name pronounced DeVaughn but spelled quite differently. I'll look it up and post it.
The DeVaughn's appear to have landed on the Carolina coast in the early 1700's. The geography of the day pretty much blended NC, VA, and SC together. The migration patterns clearly show movement from NC to VA, GA, SC, and AL in the late 1700's to early 1800's to settle the lands and to take advantage of land grants (especially in the 1830's & 1840's). Slaves were generally imported to the Carolina coast line and sold to land developers and plantation owners. The DeVaughn's were indeed slave owners. However, with the exception of Samuel DeVaughn from VA, they generally owned fewer than 50 slaves. William DeVaughn of Wilcox County Alabama owned slaves to settle lands in the 1820's. Elijah DeVaughn settled Indian lands in GA with slaves. It appears that most of the DeVaughn slaves were from a single family unit and were loaned out to the DeVaughn son's and brothers as required to develop and farm the lands. Other's were permanently transferred due to inhertances. My Great Grandfather traveled between Alabama and Georgia. I know of others that traveled between NC and VA. There clearly was a linkage between the DeVaughn plantation owners and land speculators. There were also DeVaughn slaves in Florida with roots in Georgia. They moved there in the 1850's with Rebecca DeVaughn (widow of or divorced from William DeVaughn). This line also accounts for the black DeVaughn's in Texas. They were inherited property from Rebecca's estate in Florida.
Follow the slaves and you'll make the connections between the VA, NC, GA, AR, FL, TX and AL DeVaughn's...