In the hope that they might be of interest to someone on this list, what follows are the records from "O'Hart's Irish [and English] Pedigrees" on the ancient family of Cliburn, Westmorland, England.
I have found only one error in this text, and that is the mis-identification on page 110 of the William who was son of Edmund and Grace as the same William who was Secretary of Virginia. This has now been shown to be incorrect. The William who was the son of Edmund and Grace joined the clergy in England, and never traveled to the New World.
The original pages from the book can be viewed at the following sites:
Here is some of the text from O'Hart:
"Irish Pedigrees, or the Origin and Stem of The Irish Nation"
Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. Dublin
1892 by John O’Hart
Geoffrey FitzHervey de Cleburne, (son and heir of Hervey de Cliburne) whose heir with Gilbert d'Engayne of Cliburne-Clifton, and other, "held divers tenements in Cliburne, Louther, Clifton, and Milkanthorpe, by service," (Escheats, 8 Edward II., 1315.) At another inquisition, temp. Edward II., "Walter de Tylin, John de Staffel, and Robert de Sowerley (as trustees, probably in a settlement) held a moiety of Cliburne by cornage." (Collins's Peerage, p. 428) The heirs of Geoffrey, son of Hervey held by these trustees (by knight service of the king), until Robert de Cleburne, one of the said heirs, became of age, and succeeded to the moiety of Cliburn-Hervey.
This Geoffrey had a brother Nicholas de Cliburne, who was Sheriff of Westmoreland, 26, 28, 31, 32 and 33 Edward I (1296-1309). - Deputy Keeper's Roll, at the Record Office, London; also Cumb. Westm. Transactions, Vol. IV., p. 294.
Sir Robert*, Lord of the manor of Cliburn-Hervey, was a person of some distinction, temp. Edward III., and was knight of the Shire of Westmoreland, 7 and 10 Richard II., 1384-7. (Hist. West., App. I., 459.) In 1336 (9 Edward III.) he was "a witness with Sir Hugh de Lowther to settlement by Sir Walter Strickland, of the manor of Hackthrop, upon his sons, Thomas, John, and Ralf Strickland." (Hist. West. II., 92.) In 1356 "he held lands in Ireland," but he apparently made no settlement there. In right of his wife Margaret, he held the lands and was Lord of the manors of Bampton of Cundale, Bampton Patryke and Knipe Patric, in Westmoreland. (Inq. Post Mort. 43 Edward III,; 15 Richard II., 1370-92.)
He married Margaret, daughter and co-heir of Henry de Cundale** and Kyne (one of the Drengi of Westmoreland), who held their lands before the Conquest, and were permitted to retain them. This Henry de Cundale was in descent from that Henry, Lord of Cundale, who, temp. Henry II. (1154), among other principal men of note, was a witness to a compromise between the Abbot of Byland concerning the manor of Bleaton, and in 13 John (1212) was a witness to a grant of Robert de Vipont to Shapp Abbey; and who in 1201 (Oblata Roll, 2 John) made a fine with the king not to go with him to Normandy. Sir Robert had issue one son, John de Clybourne.
* Sir Robert: The knighthood of the age of chivalry was a very different honour from this modern dignity; for, in the 13th and 15th centuries it had precedence of Peerage.
**Cundale: Bampton Hall (temp. Henry III., 1216-72) was the seat of Henry de Cundale (name derived from "Cundale" in York), a family of great consideration, who continued here till Edward II. (1307-27) when their property went to the Cleburns. Thornthwaite Hall was the mansion house of Bampton Patric, called after Patric de Culwen, temp. Henry II., 1154. "Ralf de Cundale was fined 40 marks." - Fines in Exchequer, 22 Henry II., 1176. The battle of Otterburn was fought, 1383. Alice, daughter of Thomas Cleburn, temp. Edward III, married John Wray, from whom the Wrays of Richmond are descended.
John de Cleburne (who died vita patris), left two sons:
His widow Margaret (who married for her second husband John de Wathecoppe of Warcupp), "held the manor of Cliburn-Hervey for Rowland, son and heir of the said John Cleburne and Margaret." (Inq. P.M., 15 Richard II., 1392; Hist. West., I., 459.) Rowland, dying young, his lands passed to his brother John.
John, second son of John de Clyborne and Margaret his wife, held Cliburn-Hervy in 1422, 9 Henry V.: "Johannes Cliburne pro manerio de Cleburn-Hervy, xvi.s.ix". (Harl. MS. 628, ff. 228b.) In 1423, he was Lord of the manors of Cliburn-Hervey and Cliburn-Tailbois (the two moieties having been united after the death of John, only son and heir of Robert de Franceys of Cleburne, who married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of the last Walter de Tailbois: (Dudg. MS.); and also "held the manors of Bampton Patrick, Bampton Cundale, and Knype Patric, by cornage." (Inq. P.M., 10 Henry V., 1423; Hist. West., 257, I., 466.) He was succeeded by his son and heir:
Rowland, son and heir of John de Cleburn, was "Lord of the manors of Cliburn-Hervey and Tailbois, and held Bampton Cundale and Knipe, by homage, fealty, and cornage." (Inq. P.M. 31, Henry VI., 1453.) He is scarcely mentioned in the local records, though he was probably with Clifford at Towton on that fatal Palm Sunday, 24th March, 1461. He was just and considerate of his tenants, remitted their "gressums;" and by him the last of his "Villeins in gross" was sold free. In 1456 he was appointed "one of the jurors upon the Inquisition, after the death of Thomas Lord Clifford" (34 Henry VI.; Hist. West. I., 459), and also "held the same which heretofore, as the Inquisition set forth, were held by Ralph de Cundale." (Hist. West., I., 466-7.) He was succeeded by his son and heir:
John, son of Rowland Cleburne, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Curwen of Workington Hall. This was considered a great alliance, for Elizabeth's blood was "darkly, deeply, beautifully blue;" her ancestor Orme having married Gunilda, daughter of "Cospatric the Great," first Earl of Dunbar and Northumberland, whose father Maldred was younger brother of the "Gracious Duncan,” murdered by Macbeth, whose grandmother was Elgira, daughter of the Saxon King Ethelred II, called the "unready." (Jackson's Curwens of Workington; Symeon of Durham, II. 307; Freeman's Norman Conquest IV., 89.) This John was the Lord of the manors of Cleburn, and held Bampton Cundale, of Henry Lord Clifford, by homage, fealty, and scutage, when "scutage" runs at 10 pounds 10 shillings; when more, more; when less, less; and the cornage of 15 shillings 3d. (Inq. Post. Mort. 19 Henry VII.) Having escaped the bloody fields of Barnet, Tewksbury, and Bosworth, he died (from injuries received in a skirmish at Kirtlemore, on St. Magdalen's day, 22nd July, 1484,) on the 8th Aug. 1489 (Inq. P.M., 4 Henry VII), and was succeeded by his son and heir:
Thomas, of Cliburne Hall, b. 1467, for at an Inquisition held, 19 Henry VII (1504) it was found that "John Clyborne, his father, died 8th August, 1489, and that Thomas Clyborne, his son and heir was then 22 years of age. " (Hist. West. I., 467.) He held his manor of Bampton, of Henry Lord Clifford, by homage, fealty, and scutage (Inq. Post. Mort., 18 Henry VIII, 1527), and was assessed for non-payment of his dues on this manor, due the Diocese of Carlisle, 5 Henry VIII. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, p. 294). He neglected his estate, engaged in many visionary schemes, and became so wild, reckless, and extravagant, that in Nov. 1512, "he with Henry Lord Clifford and others, were proceeded against for debts due by them to the king." (Letters and Papers, Henry VIII., Vol. I., p. 435) He was succeeded by his son and heir:
Robert, of Cliburne, County Westmoreland, and of Killerby, near Catterick, County York, married Emma, daughter and co-heiress of George Kirkbride of Kirkbride (8th in descent from Adam, son of Odard de Logis, second Baron of Wigton, who granted Kirkbride to his second son Adam, temp. John (1199-1216). He was of a languid disposition and feeble body; which unfitted him for active exertion in the field. Though an advocate of the Catholic party, he did not join in "The Pilgrimage of Grace," in 1536, nor did he take much part in county affairs. In 1531-53 (22-24 Hen. VIII.) he was chosen "an arbitrator in a case between Guy and Hugh Machell of Crackenthorpe" (Hist. West., I., 358-459); and, in 1543, when called upon by the Warden of the West Marches he supplied from his own retainers "six horses and ten foot soldiers for service on the Borders." (List of principal Gentlemen subject to Border Service - Hist. West. I., 41.) By his wife Emma (living, A.D. 1482) he left one son and a daughter:
I. Edmond or Edward, son and heir of Robert of Killerby and Cliburne.
II. Eleanor, married to Richard Kirkbride, of Ellerton, in Hesket, County Cumberland, whose great grandson Bernard Kirkbride died s.p. in 1677.
Edmund or Edward, son and heir of Robert of Killerby and Cliburne, married Ann, daughter of Layton of Dalmaine (of an ancient family in Cumberlandshire), and had issue:
I. Richard,[ "the martyr" of Killerby, County York, and of Cliburne, County Westmoreland: son and heir of Edmund.]
II. Thomas, of Hay-Close, County Cumberland, who married Elizabeth Thwaites, 25th Sept., 1594. He was of a hot and peppery disposition, and in 1589 became involved in a tedious lawsuit with Sir Wymond Cary, the Queen's Lessee, about certain lands, messuages and Courts-Baron in Snettisham manor, County Norfolk (Cal. Ducat. Lancast., 31 Eliz.); and had another suit in Chancery with "Arthur Clarke about the manor of Hemyngford-Grey, County Huntingdon." (Chan. Provc. Eliz., pp. 159-162.)
IV. William. (Vicar of Nidd, and Dean of Kildare, 1626.)
V. Elizabeth, married to John Thwaite of Marston.
Richard, "the martyr," of Killerby, County York, and of Cliburne, County Westmoreland: son and heir of Edmund; was a proud, imperious, passionate man, regarded by some as an "intolerant bigot." Right royally proud he well might be, for through his great-great-grandmother Elizabeth Curwen, he was descended from that great Cospatric "who sprang," says Freeman, "from the noblest blood of Northumberland, and even of the kingly blood of Wessex." (Norman Conquest IV., 89.)
He was a devoted adherent of the Church of Rome, spent much of his early life in travel; and was probably engaged in some secret negotiations with the French Court, as Lord Gray in his letter to the Privy Council, dated 7th May, 1555, says: "Mr. Clyburn has been a long time in France, and brings important information." (State Papers, 1553-8.) Though warned by his kinsman Sir Henry Curwen (who in 1568 received and hospitably entertained his fifth cousin, the unfortunate Queen Mary, when she arrived at Workington in her flight from Scotland,) to "avoid the numerous plots" at this period, Cleburne engaged in the scheme to release the Scottish Queen, and place her at the head of the "Rising of the North." How much he was involved in this plot will never be known; but no doubt he and the Lowthers were "up to the very hilt in treason." His brother Thomas, in the service of his kinsman, Sir Richard Lowther (the custodian of Mary), doubtless kept him well informed of the secret machinations of the gentry of the north, and he was deep in the counsels of the shrewd and long-headed Gerard Lowther, whom he concealed at Cliburn when pursued by the Warden of the West Marches. Among the State Papers in London is a letter from Richard Lowther, dated 13th Nov., 1569, addressed to the Earl of Westmoreland, alluding to this wily Gerard, and indicating how deeply they were in the Plot. "Appoint me one day," he says, "and I will meet you with four good horses either at Derby, Burton, or Tutbury, there to perform with the foremost man, or die. To the futherance thereof, Lord Wharton and my brother will join." On the 14th of May, the Earls made their famous entry into Durham, and, on the 23rd of the same month, Mary was removed further South; out of reach of the plotters. On the 28th January following, Sir Francis Leeke wrote to Cecil: "Before receipt of yours for apprehension of Gerard Lowther and Richard Clyburne of Clyburne, Gentlemen, we had examined some of their servants, John Craggs and Thomas (who had come to town with three geldings of Lowther’s), about the said Gerard's movements;" and winds up by saying "I send this letter FOR LIFE, that order may be taken for Lowther before he has fled far, as he is not well horsed." Amid all these troubles, Richard Cleburne was engaged in rebuilding his Hall in the Tudor style. Over the arched doorway he inserted an armorial slab with a curious rhyming inscription in old English characters, now so weather worn as to be scarcely decipherable. (Taylor's Halls of West., p. 256; Hist. West. I., 460.)
“RYCHARD . CLEBURN . THUS . THEY . ME . CAWL
WCH . IN . MY . TYME. HATH. BEALDED . YS . HALL
THE . YEARE . OF . OWRE . LORDE . GOD .
WHO . LYST . FOR . TO . NEVER . 1567 .”
[Richard Cleburn thus they me call,
which in my time have built this Hall.
The year of our Lord God
Who lasts forever, 1567]
On each side of this Tudor archway are two heater shaped shields containing the arms of Cleburne and Kirkbride, and immediately over the inscription a quartered shield: 1st and 4th, argent 3 chevronels braced a chief sable (for Cleborne); 2nd and 3rd, argent a cross engrailed vert (for Kirkbride). The extravagance entailed by the re-building of the Hall and other improvements led to the mortgage and sale of Bampton-Cundale (in which parish is the beautiful Haweswater Lake), and of other fair manors which sadly impoverished the Cliburns.
In 1571 he was again mixed up with the Lowthers in a plot in which the Duke of Norfolk was a principal; and in which he [the Duke] lost his head, when all these ambitious schemes came to an untimely end. Full of intemperate zeal for his religion, he continued to make himself obnoxious to Rokeby, Walsingham and Leicester, "who thought it pious merit to betray and ensnare those eminent persons who were not yet quite weaned from the Church of Rome (Hist. Cumb. I. 387.) By them he was closely watched and persecuted, and was several times indicted and imprisoned in the "Fleet." Accused by Rokeby (Anthony Rokesby the "spy" (in 1568) was set to watch his movements.) of being a "Recusant," and of being "carried away with blind zeal to favour and hold with the Romish Church (State Papers, 1581-90, Vol. clxxxiii. 207); and harrassed by his affairs, his health gave way, and in 1577 he was obliged to spend six months at Bath. In October 1584, he was so completely broken down that Rokeby declared him to be "aged, infirm, and sickly," and again "he had permission to repair to Bath, where he remained from 30th January to the 1st May, 1586, on account of his health." (State Papers, p. 207-303.) By his wife Eleanor, grand-daughter of Nicholas Harrington, of Enbarry Hall, and daughter of Launcelot Lancaster, of Sockbridge and Barton (8th in descent from Roger of Barton, ob. 1290), who, Nicholas says was "a brother of the half blood to William de Lancaster, last Baron of Kendal, ob. 1246, to whom the said William gave Barton and Patterdale, styling him in his charter "Rogero fratre meo," (MSS. Denton and Lancaster Pedigree), he had issue two sons and seven daughters:
I. Edmund, eldest son and heir of Richard, Lord of the manors of Cliburne and Killerby.
II. Gerard, b. 5th Feb., 1566.
III. Agnes, b. 4th July, 1570.
IV. Agnes, b. 6th May, 1571; married Humphry Wharton, of Gilling, County York.
VI. Barbara, married Thomas Banks, of Whixley, County York.
VII. Jane, b. 14th October, 1568.
Edmund: eldest son and heir of Richard, Lord of the manors of Cliburne and Killerby, married 1st September 1576, Grace, second daughter of Sir Alan Bellingham, of Helsington and Levins, the famous Treasurer of Berwick and Deputy Warden of the Marches, who was rewarded by Henry VIII with a grant of the Barony of Kendal, called the "Lumley Fee." This Sir Alan married Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Sandford, of Askam, cousin of Anne, Countess of Pembroke and Dorset, through whose influence with her husband - a prominent member of the Virginia Company - William Cleborne was made Surveyor, and Secretary of State for that Colony, in 1626. [Note: However, it has now been proven that this William Claiborne was not the son of Edmund and Grace. Their son joined the clergy, and never traveled to the New World.] Edmund was devoted to the pleasures of the chase and passed most of his time at Killerby, preferring the Yorkshire Dales to the cooler breezes of Westmoreland. He had a grant from the Crown, of the Rectory and Parsonage of Bampton, Westmoreland, and also had some interest in the Rectories of Barton and Shelston. There seems to have been some trouble about Bampton, for he had a suit-at-law with Sir Rowland Hunter (clerk), defendant, about a claim on that Rectory which had been granted to Cleburne by letters Patent. (See Chancery Proceedings, Eliz. I., 151). By his wife Grace Bellingham (born 1558, ob. 1594), who had for her second husband Gerard, second son of Sir Richard Lowther, he had:
I. Thomas, [eldest son of Edmund of Killerby, born 1580, died 16th Feb. 1640, and was the 14th Lord of the manor of Cliburn.]
II. William [now proven NOT to be the William Claiborne who was Surveyor and Secretary of State for the Virginia Colony].
V. Dorothy, who was somewhat of a shrew and had "a suit in Chancery about personal matters with Mary Miller." (Cal. Chan. Proc. Eliz III., 213).
Thomas, eldest son of Edmund of Killerby, born 1580, died 16th Feb., 1640, was the 14th Lord of the manor of Cliburn. He was of an indolent nature and melancholy disposition, shy, silent, and reserved, and by no means fitted to deal with the stirring events of the time. He found his estates very much encumbered and himself so impoverished that he was forced to mortgage his lands, and to borrow money from Sir Timothy Hutton, of Marske. He was (among others) assessed for the transplantation of the Graemes or Grahams who were shipped at Workington for Ireland (Hist. West. I., cxviii.) “The whole sept [clan] of the Graemes, under their chief Walter the gude man of Netherby, being troublesome on the Scottish border, were transplanted from Cumberland to Roscommon; and in the schedule to the articles affecting this transfer, it appears that the Sept consisted of 124 persons, all bearing the surname of Graeme or Graham.” (State Papers, Jas. I., 1603-6, page 554.) This restored quiet to the Borders; and Thomas lived a retired life at Cliburne and at Killerby, cultivating and improving his lands. He took but little interest in affairs of State, and lived happily with his loving wife Frances, daughter of Sir Richard Lowther, the Sheriff of Cumberland (to whom, in 1568, was committed the custody of Mary Queen of Scots, after her flight from Langside), and grand-daughter of Sir Hugh Lowther, who married Dorothy, sole daughter and heir of Henry, 10th Lord Clifford, the "Shepherd Lord" of Wordsworth's beautiful poem. Thomas was married at Lowther Church, 10th March, 1594 (being then but 14 years old, and his wife 16; she having been born 15th Aug., 1578), and had issue three sons and four daughters:
I. Edmund of Killerby, [eldest son and heir of Thomas of Cleburne was born in 1605.]
II. Richard, who had an interest with his cousin Rad Cleburn in "10 messauges. 176 acr. terr. 6 acr. prati, 183 acr. past. 10 acr. more, c. p. in Silmouth in Norhamshire." –(Inq. de Norham et. Eland. 1636: Raine Hist. Of Durham, p. 38.)
III. William, settled in Ireland (William “Ciallmhar” or "Wise William"- see the Ballycullatan branch).
IV. Frances, mar. Whitfield, of Coulton.
V. Grace, mar. James Leslie, 2nd Lord Lindores (ob. 20th July, 1667), and had Jane, who mar., first, John Stewart, of Invernytie, and 2ndly, John Bruce, of Blair Hall.
VI. Mary, ob. 1612
VII. Ann, mar. Wm. Bennett.
Edmund, of Killerby, eldest son and heir of Thomas (Thomas: Son and heir of Thomas, of Cliburn, and Frances Lowther, who through the lines of Clifford, Percy, and Mortimer, was descended from Lionel Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III.) of Cleburne, was born in 1605. On "coming of age" he found his estates so much involved that, owing to the troublous state of the times, it was impossible to extricate them. Like his father, he avoided politics and treasonable schemes, but having spent most of his remaining fortune in support of the King, he was eventually swept into the vortex and ruined.
The fair Lordships of Cliburne had dwindled away one by one, till the owner of "Killerby" was reduced to the position of a Yoeman or Squire. He resided at Bampton (Bampton: Sir Philip Musgrave was at Edmund Cleburne's house at Bampton, 16th Nov., 1663. - Call. State Papers, lxxxiii. 342. 16 Charles II., 1665. Edmund Cleburne, yoeman, was one of the Governors of the Bampton Grammer School. - N.B., 2. 344. Yoeman was a military title equal to our 18th century Squire: "A knight of Cales, a squire of Wales, And a laird of the north countries, A Yoeman of Kent with his yearly rent, could buy them up all three.") in 1663, and in 1665 was one of the Governors and Trustees of the Bampton Grammer School; and a Feoffee of the Free School and Hospital of Thesu, at Warton, Lancashire. About 1625-6, he married Elizabeth, second daughter of Sir Timothy Hutton, of Marske, county York (grand father of Matthew Hutton, Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, and "Primate of All England" in 1758), by whom he left issue three sons and three daughters:
I. Timothy (eldest son and heir of Edmund the last Lord of the manor of Cleburne)
II. Thomas, of Hayleighton, near Marske, born 12th Jan., 1632. (Inventory and Bond, 1667. Prerogative Office, London).
III. Matthew, born 16th Aug., 1637. Admin. granted his widow Elizabeth, 14th March, 1637. (York Office).
IV. Barbara, b. 28th Jan., 1628; died 2nd Aug., 1629.
V. Elizabeth, b. 24th June, 1630; married Rev. Richard Foster, of York.
VI. Anne (to whom her grand-father, Sir Timothy Hutton, left "one hundred pounds if she doe marry with my son Matthew's consent, and I pray God to bless her.") To each of his grand-daughters who were living at his death, Sir Timothy left "£20 a piece to be paid at their marriage." (Will proved 9th Dec., 1631.)
Edward [the names Edmund and Edward are used interchangeably in England] Cleburne seems to have resided at Killerby as late as 1630; for, in a letter written by Thomas Bowes (16th January, 1630) to his "kinde cozen Matthew Hutton, Esq. of Marske," he speaks of "meeting my cozen Cliborne at Cillerbie." - Hutton MSS.
Timothy (eldest son and heir of Edmund the last Lord of the manor of Cleburne) was in such straightened circumstances after the Civil War, that, to quote the quaint language of Machell, “He sold the Hall to Mr. Collingwood, a Bishoprick gentleman, who sold it to Mr. Roger Soray, who yet lives at Broughton-Tower, in Cumberland, who exchanged it with Mr. Edward Lee, of Broughton, for Broughton-Tower. Mr. Lee (c. 1664) mortgaged it to old Sir John Lowther, whose grand-child now enjoys it.” (Machell MSS., III. 117.)
After the sale of the Hall and Manor, the few members of the family that remained became humble tillers of the soil their fathers had owned as Lords: thus the lowest and the highest were very near together, and so have been since the world began. The Wars of the Roses and the great Civil War had so utterly ruined them that, like many another ancient house, scarcely one of its members emerged from “that soothing obscurity which o’ershadows the country Squire.” Preferring the green woods with peace and mediocrity to vaulting ambition or the gaieties of a court, their pride was that of home and peace, expressed in the French distich: “Je suis ni Duc ni Prince aussi. Je suis le Sire de Couci.” Content with this spirit of self-importance, they wrapped themselves up in a mantle of exclusiveness, caring so little for politics or the interests of their country, that while they seldom descended to the level of the masses, they rarely rose to the highest positions in the State, and so sank into merited oblivion. Thus ended the race of Cleburne at Cliburne!
Timothy Cleburne retired to Yorkshire, where he married Mary, fourth daughter of John Talbot, of Thornton le Street, Colonel on the part of Charles I; and, failing issue, the representation of a family which had flourished for six hundred years on the Border, passed to his cousin William Cleburne, of Ballycullatan Castle, in Ireland, whose descendant in the sixth generation, William Cleburne, Esq. Of Omaha (eldest brother of the late General Cleburne) is the present representative of the elder branch of Cliburne.
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