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More about the Chauvins in Louisiana...very interesting
Posted by: Janet Manseau (ID *****2030) Date: October 25, 2010 at 14:03:11
In Reply to: Re: Chauvin pioneers by Floyd LeBleu of 522

After I saw your request, I went to
http://www.lahistory.org/site20.php
This is a web site that I found last week. Below is something on your Nicolas (my 7th great grand uncle) and his brothers and his son Nicolas. Between Nicolas the father and his brothers, they owned nearly 100 slaves; so the fact that he had a child with one of his slaves does not surprise me at all. If you find the 1721 census, you may get more information.
Good luck, Janet

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CHAUVIN DE LA FRENIERE, Nicolas, père, first generation Canadian, pioneer settler on Chapitoulas Coast, member of Superior Council of French Louisiana. Born, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; baptized, June 19, 1676; eighth child of Pierre Chauvin and Marthe Autreuil. In Louisiana by 1706, taking the name of La Frénière. Ventured into Texas with Juchereau de Saint-Denis, 1716, as a merchant along with his brothers Joseph and Louis. The brothers, learning of confiscation of St.-Denis' (q.v.) merchandise, placed theirs in the hands of the Recollet priests at the Presidio del Norte which they soon left to return to Mobile, October 25, 1717. Despite opposition, La Frénière was named to fill a vacancy on Superior Council, governing body of the province. By 1720, Nicolas was with brothers Joseph Chauvin de Léry (q.v.) and Louis Chauvin de Beaulieu (q.v.), on the Chapitoulas Coast, successfully clearing land, tilling the soil, exploiting the virgin cypress forest, digging canals and drainage ditches. The Chauvins were early slave owners, having nearly a hundred according to 1721 census. In 1725, at Bienville's suggestion, the Company of the Indies sold its herd of sheep to La Frénière. Nicolas père, largest lumber contributor (1,345 1/2 feet) to first church of St. Louis, New Orleans, 1727. Nicolas married Marguerite LeSueur of Mobile, second cousin to Bienville, ca. 1724. With Chevalier de Pradel (q.v.) opened a tavern stocked with wine and liquor worth 1,000 livres, 1729; first cabaret of record in the capital. La Frénière increased his land holdings as his family grew, buying nearly 30 arpents of former Bienville lands directly above New Orleans, and portion of Kolly-Sainte-Reyne Plantation. Owned a townhouse in the city but probably reared his children—Nicolas fils (q.v.), Jean-Baptiste, François, Catherine, and Jeanne Marguerite—at his Chapitoulas plantation. Largely self-educated, he provided the best school opportunities for Nicolas, fils, sending him to France for law studies. His eldest son succeeded him on the Council, being appointed attorney general of Louisiana in 1763. Nicolas, père, died in 1749. H.C.B. Sources: Gary Mills, "The Chauvin Brothers: Early Colonists of Louisiana," Louisiana History, XV (1974); Henry C. Bezou, Metairie: A Tongue of Land to Pasture … (1973); Heidi LaForte, Chauvin de Charleville.
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Nicolas's son at the same web site

CHAUVIN DE LA FRENIERE, Nicholas, fils, administrator, insurrectionist. Born, New Orleans, September 30, 1728; son of Nicolas Chauvin de La Frénière, pere (q.v.) and Marguerite Le Sueur. Educated in France. Married (1) Mlle Hubert de Bellair, daughter of Jacques Hubert de Bellair and Catherine Nepveu. Child: a daughter who married Jean-Baptiste Payen de Noyan (q.v.). Married (2) Marie de La Chaise, daughter of Jacques de La Chaise and Marguerite d'Arensbourg. Returned to Louisiana in 1748. Replaced father on the Superior Council as acting councillor assesseur, 1749. Went to France on business, 1752. Returned to Louisiana, 1755. Recommended by Louis Billouart de Kerlérec (q.v.) for reappointment to the Superior Council, 1758. Sent to France as Kerlérec's personal envoy to the minister of Marine, 1759. Studied law while in France and admitted to the French bar. Appointed attorney general of Louisiana, January 1, 1763; served until August 1769. Implemented ministerial directive to expel the Jesuit order from Louisiana, July 1763. With Denis-Nicolas Foucault (q.v.), presided over public sale of huge Jesuit estate, July 1763. Became a leading force in the Superior Council through effective prosecution of Jesuits and successful effort to secure legislation banning importation of slave "criminals" from other French colonies. Resulting prestige reinforced by extensive family alliances with numerous civil administrators and military officers. La Frénière's position of influence was the source of growing friction between the attorney general and Gov. Antonio de Ulloa (q.v.), who attempted to establish Spanish dominion over the colony after his arrival in 1766. Was consequently the moving force behind the rebellion that ousted Ulloa in October 1768. Arrested on August 18, 1769, and charged with treason by Alejandro O'Reilly (q.v.), who restored Spanish control over the colony. Subsequently tried, found guilty, and sentenced to death. Executed by firing squad, New Orleans, October 25, 1769. C.A.B. Sources: Carl A. Brasseaux, Denis-Nicolas Foucault and the New Orleans Rebellion of 1768 (1987); Stanley Clisby Arthur, Old Families of Louisiana (1971); Jean Delanglez, The French Jesuits in Lower Louisiana, 1700-1763 (1935); Gary B. Mills, "The Chauvin Brothers: Early Colonists of Louisiana," Louisiana History, XV (1974), 117-132; Marc de Villiers du Terrage, The Last Years of French Louisiana (1982).

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About his brother at the same web site.

CHAUVIN DELERY, Joseph, companion of the Le Moyne brothers, voyageur, concessionaire. Baptized, April 14, 1674; seventh child of Pierre Chauvin and Marthe Autreuil of the parish of Ville Marie, Montreal, Canada. Came to Louisiana with Iberville's second expedition; on roll of Canadians ordered to embark on the Renommée, at La Rochelle, October 17, 1699; listed in census of garrison at Bay of Biloxi, May, 1700; showed loyalty to Bienville (q.v.) during impeachment proceedings, 1708; adopted appellation of De Léry (also spelled Deléry). Married, 1708 or 1709, Hypolite Mercier, widow of Valentin Barreau, in Mobile. Children: Antoine Chauvin Deléry des Islets (in some records, Desilets Deléry), Nicolas Joseph Boisclair Deléry, both by Hypolite; and François, born of Joseph's second wife, Françoise Laurence LeBlanc, whom he married May 24 (or 27), 1726. Involved, 1716-1717, with two of his brothers, in the commercial company formed by Louis Juchereau de St-Denis (q.v.) when Antoine Crozat (q.v.) still held a monopoly on trade in Louisiana Province. In March, 1719, petitioned Superior Council for a concession of six arpents' frontage at The Chapitoulas, extending from Mississippi River to Lake Pontchartrain. Despite varied success with some crops, his and neighboring brothers' agricultural efforts earned praise of memorialist André Pénicaut (q.v.), and of perceptive traveller Pierre de Charlevoix, S. J. (q.v.). In 1724, Deléry had under cultivation 140 cleared arpents producing 500 to 600 measures of rice, 60 barrels of corn and 500 barrels of potatoes, in addition to 100 pounds of indigo. Additionally, with his brothers, owned slaves whose work in the cypress swamps netted 12,000 livres that year. Deléry's livestock inventory included 20 cows and 8 draft oxen—substantial numbers for those primitive days. Joseph pledged funds for establishment of first school for boys in New Orleans but kept only part of his agreement; case went to Louisiana Superior Council. Sent by Governor Perier to Choctaws for aid to colonists after Natchez Massacre of 1729. Died, 1732; interred parish church cemetery, New Orleans, August 20. H.C.B. Sources: Gary B. Mills, "The Chauvin Brothers: Early Colonists of Louisiana," Louisiana History, XV (1974); Henry C. Bezou, Metairie: A Tongue of Land to Pasture … (1973); Heidi LaForte, Chauvin de Charleville.
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CHAUVIN DE BEAULIEU, Louis, voyageur, concessionaire. Baptized, February 17, 1678; ninth child of Pierre Chauvin and Marthe Autreuil of the parish of Ville Marie, Montreal, Canada. Arrived in Detroit, June 14, 1706, continuing downriver to Gulf Coast. Adopted Beaulieu as surname. Accompanied Louis Juchereau de St-Denis (q.v.) in 1716 on overland commercial trip with 60,000 livres of merchandise to be sold in Texas region. Returned to Mobile in 1717; later Beaulieu's widow was compensated for his share of expedition losses. Joined brother Joseph Chauvin Deléry (q.v.) on Chapitoulas Coast in 1719. Enlarged holdings when he bought with his brother Nicolas Chauvin de La Frénière (q.v.) the tract briefly owned by Attorney General Chartier de Baulne on the edge of Bienville lands, on Bayou Metairie in 1724. Possibly the first inhabitant or property owner in what is now "Old Metairie". In that year, Louis harvested 600 measures of rice, 15 to 20 measures of beans, 300 of potatoes and 200 of indigo, besides having his share of lumber felled, treated, and sold with his two brothers Joseph and Nicolas for 12,000 livres. Chauvin de Beaulieu married in his forties Charlotte Orbanne Duval; record is missing. Died on or about January 30, 1729. H.C.B. Sources: Gary B. Mills, "The Chauvin Brothers: Early Colonists of Louisiana," Louisiana History, XV (1974); Henry C. Bezou, Metairie: A Tongue of Land to Pasture … (1973); Heidi LaForte, Chauvin de Charleville.
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More info that I found on this family after I posted my data.

SOURCE: One Hundred French Canadian Families, Phillip Moore, 1994 p185/6
[Pierre Chauvin was recruited in "Le grand Recrue de 1653" by Maissoneuve to help save Villemarie (Montréal). He was called le grand Pierre - probably because of his height. He was born in the 1630's in Maine, France.]...Pierre Chauvin's Odyssey started with a contract signed 4 April 1653, agreeing to come to Montréal. He was to work as a miller and clear land for a salary of 75 pounds a year, and he was to be paid 80 pounds in advance. After..completing his five year term...He met Marthe Autreuil, a woman from near his home in France. They were wed 17 Sept 1658 and acquired a parcel of land...He continued to work as a miller and a farmer. By 1686 he moved his family to ...Varennes. In 1689 he leased a mill from...Pierre Boucher...Pierre and Marthe sold their lands and returned to Montréal ...His burial took place 4 Aug 1699 in Montréal.
...Their son Pierre Chauvin (1663-1691) was in a force of 100 volunteers pursuing the Iroquois near Montréal. Trying to slip up on them in an abandoned house, at night, he was seen and killed. Three of the Chauvin men settled in Louisiana. The Indians killed Joseph Chauvin (1674-1729) near Natchez in the Louisiana Territory. Tragedy overtook the family of Michelle Chauvin (1620-1722) and her family in the midwest. Four leagues from Wabash the Indians killed Michelle, his son Jean Michel, age 20, daughter Suzanne 18, and daughter Elizabeth 13. Their burial took place at Kaskakia 22 June 1722. It is believed her husband Jacques Nepveu was led away as a captive with his nine year old son Prevoat and a slave. They were never heard from again.
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SOURCE: Our French-Canadian Ancestors, Vol 8, Translated by Thomas J LaForest from " Nos Ancestres" p. 12
Pierre Chauvin dit le Grande Pierre had come from Solesme in the district of La fleche with one hundred men recruited by Maissoneuve as carpenters and land clearers in 1653. At the end of his five year contract he decided to remain in Canada...In addition to working as a carpenter....Chauvin also farmed on the Île-aux-Foins. Near the end of his life he accepted a land grant from the Sulpiciens and returned to Montréal dying there at the beginning of August 1699.


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