Posted By:Eric E. Johnson
Subject:Re: Pensions
Post Date:May 29, 2010 at 17:30:53
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Forum:War of 1812 Forum
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       The heirs of Jeremiah Buchanan, Sr., would have received Jeremiahís half pay for five years as a pension. Buchanan served in the U.S. Army, not the militia. Militiamen received service pensions after 1871. The family did not receive a service pension. They received their pension after Jeremiah died.
       Besides the half pay, the family would have received 160 acres of land in either Illinois, Missouri or Arkansas, three months extra pay and the remaining bonus money, probably eight dollars. If the widow remarried within the five year period, she would loose her pension.
       I checked the pension list and did not find Jeremiah Buchanan or his widow. This is normal. I also did not find his land bounty. This is not normal. I downloaded the service records for Jeremiah and his three sons. Interesting information!
       Jeremiah, Hercules, Moses and Jeremiah (Jr) enlisted in the US Army for five years on 24 July 1812 in Roane County, TN. They served in the 24th Regiment of US Infantry and they were stationed at Fort Meigs and later Fort Stephenson (on the Sandusky River) in Ohio. Part of the regiment was transferred to Buffalo in the fall of 1813. It appears that Jeremiah was wounded during the Battle of Buffalo and died at 11 Mile Creek where the US Army hospital was located. He would have been buried in the army cemetery in what is now Williamsville, NY.
       All three sons transferred to the 1st Regiment of US Rifles and they were stationed at Sackets Harbor, NY, for the remaining days of the war. After the war they were transferred to the Michigan Territory. They were discharged on 24 Dec 1817.
       Federal law required that an administrator be appointed to settle the estate and if there were any children under 16 years of age, then a guardian would have to be appointed for each child. If the Roane County Courthouse wasnít destroyed during the Civil War, the estate papers and guardianship papers (if any) would be located there. Additional information on Jeremiahís death may be in these papers along with the names of his wife and children under 16.
       I hope this helps you,

Eric E. Johnson
General Society of the War of 1812