Posted By:Paul B. Phelps
Subject:Adam TAYLOR (c.1764-1814) Craig Co. VA
Post Date:March 25, 2005 at 09:22:08
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Forum:Craig County, VA Genealogy Forum
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Seeking information on the family and origins of Adam TAYLOR b. abt. 1764 in PA or VA, d. 14 Aug 1814 in Giles Co. VA, m. 5 Apr 1791 in Montgomery Co. VA to Mary CLAXTON (c.1770-aft.1850), who appears to be from a Botetourt family that moved to KY. Children:
* Elizabeth "Betsy" Taylor b. 1790-1793, m. Robert HUNTER;
* Agness TAYLOR b. 1792-1794, did not marry;
* James TAYLOR b. 1794-1795, m. (1) UNKNOWN, m. (2) Anna THOMAS;
* William TAYLOR b. 1799-1800, m. (1) UNKNOWN, m. (2) Elizabeth ROCK;
* George TAYLOR b. 1800-1801, m. Margaret "Peggy" LUGAR;
* Allen TAYLOR b. 1802-1808, m. Sarah ROSE;
* Verlinda "Linda" TAYLOR b. 1805-1806, m. John ROCK;
* Mary A. "Polly" TAYLOR b. 1805-1808, m./? Harper CALDWELL;
* Martha "Patsy" TAYLOR b. 1808-1810, m. John WILSON;
* Joseph TAYLOR b. 1811-1812, m./? Susanna DEISHER;
* Charles Lewis TAYLOR b. 1811-1813, m. Mariah FISHER.

Adam TAYLOR is known to be the son of George TAYLOR Sr. (c.1731-1801), who is commonly said to be the son of Isaac and Isabella (Wilson) TAYLOR of Borden's Tract, in Rockbridge Co. VA. However, recent discoveries have disproved this assertion, throwing George's parentage into question. Information about Adam and other children may shed new light on the origins of George TAYLOR Sr.

George had four sons (including Adam) by a first wife whose identity is as yet unestablished. He is said to have m. (1) abt. 1756 to Mary McCANDLESS, but I have seen no convincing evidence to support this assertion. On the contrary, the names that George gave to those sons -- Jacob, Ulrick, Adam, and John (Johannes) -- suggest that either he or his wife, or both, were of German rather than Scots Irish extraction.

George TAYLOR Sr. settled abt. 1765 on Crab Creek in western Montgomery Co. VA and soon thereafter m. (2) Mary "Polly" CHARLTON, whose family (like George TAYLOR?) had recently arrived from Lancaster Co. PA. George later purchased or received grants for parcels totaling 2,500 acres along Sinking Creek in what is today Giles and Craig counties VA. Adam TAYLOR's home place was between Laurel Creek and Little Creek (Happy Hollow?) on the north side of Sinking Creek near the Level Green Church at Huffman, in present-day Craig.

It is said that Adam TAYLOR served as a private, or perhaps a captain, during the Revolution. Evidence to support this assertion is sparse and contradictory. His name appears (along with George Sr. and Woolrich [sic]) on the roster of Cox's company of Montgomery militia in 1782, but other evidence suggests that this unit was drawn from present-day Carroll or Grayson Co. VA. Another source says that he served as a captain in James BYRNE's regiment in 1777, but Adam would have been age 11-17 at that date and nothing further can be learned of this unit. An Adam TAYLOR (or his widow) applied for a pension on 7 Mar 1834 in Pendleton Co. KY, but since Adam d. 1814 in VA, and his widow Mary was enum. 1850 in Giles Co. VA, this is prob. a different individual.

I would be grateful for any new information, or leads to published or online sources, that would confirm or correct the foregoing and shed new light on the family of Adam and Mary (Claxton) TAYLOR. I will of course be happy to share the information I have compiled with other reseachers, if it is of interest to them.