Posted By:James Horton
Subject:Re: 1st TN National Guard USA or Bryson's Boys.
Post Date:April 18, 2006 at 22:02:38
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Forum:Southern Unionist Forum
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In addition to the Tennesseans who enlisted in the full-time service of the Federal armies there were in East Tennessee, where Federal sentiment was strong, several companies of National Guard Troops, at least one of which was cavalry. These were from Campbell, Cocke, Knox, Morgan, Scott and Sevier Counties. References to these units as found in the Official Records were as follows:

On October 22, 1863, Major General Ambrose E. Burnside, Commanding Army of the Ohio, with Headquarters at Knoxville, ordered: "Captain G. Bryson, First Tennessee National Guard, is hereby ordered to proceed with his company to North Carolina and vicinity, for the purpose of recruiting, and will return here within a fortnight, when he will report in person at these headquarters."

This expedition met with disaster, as reported by Lieutenant C. H. Taylor, Commanding Company "B", Infantry Regiment, Thomas' Legion, CSA. The report, dated November 1, 1863, at Murphy, North Carolina, stated: "On October 27, General Vaughn, with a detachment of his mounted men, overtook Goldman Bryson, with his company of mounted robbers, in Cherokee County, North Carolina, attacked him, killing two and capturing 17 men and 30 horses. On the 28th, I left Murphy with 19 men, taking Bryson's trail through the mountains; f91lowed him 25 miles, when I came upon him and fired on him, killing him and capturing one man with him. I found in his possession his orders from General Burnside, his roll and other papers.

When speaking of mounted robbers, Taylor would forget some of his own less than savory exploits.