Posted By:Don Umphrey
Subject:Re: Walker County, AL unionist , Moses Camak 1812- 1873
Post Date:July 21, 2005 at 08:48:52
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Forum:Southern Unionist Forum
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I haven't run across any additional information about Moses, but I can elaborate on the abuse he suffered at the hands of Union soldiers. Most of this would have come at the hands of soldiers participating in a raid led in late March, 1865 by General James H. Wilson. It started on March 22 at Gravelly Springs near Florence and its purpose was to destroy the industrial center of Alabama and basically do to Alabama what Sherman had done in Georgia. With 13,500 troops, this was the largest mounted fighting force ever assembled in North America. The troops were armed with 7-shot Spencer repeating rifles, which means that their arms were far superior to any enemy contingent they were likely encounter.

The raid purposely went through the counties in NW Alabama which were heavily Union-oriented, where they would not encounter armed resistence. In doing this, however, all these soldiers stole from their supporters as they ate off the land. Many people who had been loyal to the Union throughout the war (and suffered at Confederate hands as a result) ended up being victimized by the very side they supported. Most of the SCC claims I've examined in that part of the country--Winston, Marion, Franklin, Walker counties--dealt with things taken by Wilson's men (including beehives).

After the raid went through Marion County, my g-g-grandmother (a widow) was left without any food to feed her family. She ended up at a refugee camp in Clarksville, Tennessee, where she died of the measles along with all of her children except two (one of whom was my g-grandmother).