Posted By:J
Subject:Re: John Thomas Polen (1838-1902)
Post Date:July 25, 2010 at 11:19:27
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Forum:Greene County, PA Genealogy Forum
Forum URL:

A John Poland, of Aleppo Twp., Greene Co., was listed in the 1890 US Census Veterans Schedule as having served 9 Sep 1862 - 1 Jul 1865 in 'A' Co., 18th PA *Cavalry*. He is the only one with similar surname listed in Greene Co. in this Schedule.

This appears to be the John W. Poland listed in the National Park Service's rosters of Civil War Soldiers as in 'A' Co., 18th PA Cavalry. You can search the index here:

Note that the middle initial should not deter your search, there can be mistakes in abstracts and indexes.

According to the defective index to Civil War pensioners on, no one by this or similarly spelt surname applied for a pension under this service, and no similarly spelt person with widow Harriet applied (nor did a widow Harriet apply under this surname).

You say "John is supposed to have served . . ." but do not say ~who~ supposed this.

I can surmise the possibility that someone thought "similar name = same person."

It is possible that the person listed in the 1890 Veterans Schedule did not tell the full story (was he dishonorably discharged?) and for some reason was not eligible for a pension. It is possible that he was omitted from's index.

I didn't find anyone with similar name who served in an 18th ~Infantry~ rather than Cavalry.

You can ask the National Archives if they have a pension file for the John Poland with the above service and widow Harriet, from the links here:

It is pretty expensive to get copies of the files from the National Archives. is putting up Civil War pension application files but as yet only has a small percentage of them available. They have a free trial period.