Posted By:judy sullivan
Subject:Lincecum in the "Hill Country"
Post Date:January 23, 2007 at 06:53:53
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Forum:Monroe County, MS Genealogy Forum
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1825 - Gideon Lincecum left Cotton Gin Port MS, for the "Hill Country" of Monroe County MS. His family was suffering illnesses he associated with living in the river bottom. According to Chancery Court land records, Lincecum bought (in his son Lycurgus' name) an 80 acre tract located in W 1/2, NW 1/4 of Sec 24, T 12S, R 18W. It lies along the west side of what is now Parham Gin Road, running from Faulkner Road to Fears Road. Four Mile Creek goes through this property and there was also a robust artesian spring.(the gushing spring) The land here is high, relatively open country and probably was much the same then. (The artesian well is no lnoger the gushing spring I remember as a child but it still flows.)

1827 to 1830 - In August of 1827, Lincecum suffered a heat stroke while hunting with the Chickasaws along the Tombigbee. Due to improper treatment (although considered proper at the time) by area doctors, Lincecum's recovery was more than 3 years. In the end, using his own good judgement, and by observing and imitating actions of a wounded deer to heal itself, he fully recovered. His business had failed during the lengthy illness leaving him penniless. Having continually studied medical books since a youg man, he was knowledgeable enough to restore to health, his nearest and ailing neighbor, William Wall. Wall insisted Lincecum take $100 and his horse to Tuscumbia and buy medical supplies and furnishings to set up a clinic. Wall was a man of great wealth who lived 10 miles east of Cotton Gin Port on the Cotton Gin Port to Millville Rd.(Hatley-Detroit) At this point is Vaughn Road just east of Hatley MS. Wall owned land on both sides of Hatley Road, from Vaughn Road, east to beyond where Parham Road from the north and Nash Road, from the south, join. He also owned land in various other parts of Monroe County. Information on Wall's wealth and location is from Mother Monroe, His land holdings are from Chancery Court land records.

1830 to 1832 - Dr. Lincecum's practice flourished.

1833 - In June, Dr. Lincecum moved his family to Columbus MS, in order to provide a proper education for his children. There, he built a comfortable house and saw to their enrollment in school. Upon his return home, his friend and mentor, William Wall, had constructed a building for his medicines near the front gate of Wall's home. His friend also invited him to live with him during the absence of his family. The following is from "Adventures of A Frontier Naturalist", page 132..."Being situated on the great thoroughfare from Tuscumbia to Cotton Gin Port, this was a much more convenient and easy place for my patrons to find..." (Note: Based on the study of old maps and other sources listed below, I believe this thoroughfare proceeded from Cotton Gin Port MS through present day Hatley MS, Parham Community MS, across Splunge Creek, to Detroit AL, Russellville AL and on to Tuscumbia AL.) after moving his family to Columbus, Dr. Lincecum sold his first hill home place, having lived there 8 years.

1833 to 1841 - In November of 1833, Dr. Lincecum returned to Columbus to see how well his children had progressed. He was greatly disappointed and brought them straight away back to the old settlement where his shop was. Wall and neighbors set about building for the Lincecum family..."a double log cabin, shop, smokehouse, kitchen and a stable on a forty acre tract of land he owned, in half a mile of his dwelling and made me a present of it."(Excerpt from "Adventures of a Frontier Naturalist" 134.) Here Dr. Gideon Lincecum and family lived for another 8 years. In her book. "History of Smithville", page 13, Miss Jesse Pierce said Dr. Lincecum opened a sanitarium between "Old Antioch Church" ground and Hatley, which falls within the previously cited parameters along Hatley-Detroit Road.



Previously published locations for the historically significant site of Wall's Tan Yard have been deemed to be in error by a number of Monroe County historians. Since we had determined the location of William Wall's home and had learned something about his holdings, we also began a search for the tan yard post office. Mother Monroe, on page 62, lists Walls Tan Yard as a post office. Walls Tan Yard is a site long ago forgotten and not listed on maps for more than 150 years. One member of our Disscusion Group, discovered, on line, an Official 1839 U. S. Postal Map giving locations and distances between the post offices. This map shows Wall Tan Yard Post Office at a point 12 miles ENE from Cotton Gin Port and 7 miles north of Quincy and lying south of Gaines Trace. Based on this official map and the fact that a stagecoach line ran through this site on to Quincy, and that it is centrally located in the north east section of the county, IT IS DETERMINED THAT WALLS TAN YARD POST OFFICE WAS LOCATED IN PARHAM COMMUNITY AT THE POINT WHERE STONEWALL ROAD JOINS HATLEY-DETROIT ROAD.

The following sources were used in research for this narrative:

Monroe County MS Chancery Court land records
Monroe County MS Census' of 1820, 1830 and 1840
"Mother Monroe"
"The History of Smithville"
"Autobiography of a Frontier Naturalist"
"Autobiography of Gideon Lincecum" Published 1904
Official Maps of the Area and Era
Interviews with descendants of early pioneers
Various Internet Sites

The following made invaluable contributions and offered encouragement:

The "Monroe County Roundtable Discussion Group"
which consists of the following members: T. Thornton,
J. Harlow, R. Thompson, M. Riggan and J. Alverson.

Also J. West