Posted By:Rick Bryant
Subject:Re: George W Mathis(1812-1909) 21 Ga Infantry and 6th Ga Cavalry
Post Date:July 10, 2012 at 13:36:16
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Forum:Civil War Forum
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Compiled Military Service Records rarely have any information regarding participation in battles. On occasion, individuals will appear in official reports, usually noting exemplary performance in a particular battle. Looking at CMSRs you usually only find recorded presence or absence during a particular time period. You should not assume that he was in every battle that the unit was in, but if he was present during the right time period, it becomes more likely. This man enlisted in Floyd County, GA on 6/24/61 in (Old) Co. E, 21st Georgia Infantry. Several muster rolls are missing. He next appears on a muster roll for the period Nov-Dec 1861, with the notation, "promoted from rank to 5th Sgt. Dec. 2, 1861". The Feb. '62 muster roll notes, "sick sent to gen'l hosp. Feb. 25 '62. The March roll says the same except it shows the date as Feb. 24 '62. This company was sometime after that designated Co. A, 1st Reg. Georgia Partisan Rangers. On a roll dated July 1 '62, he is shown as 4th Sgt. The company was again reassigned or re-designated as Co. G, Cavalry Battalion, Smith's Legion, Georgia Volunteers. The entire battalion, in March '63, became the 6th Reg. Georgia Cavalry and his company became Co. G of that organization. A card shows his date of appointment as an officer of June 1, but does not show a year. It has to be 1863. On Jun. 27, '63 he signed for two flannel shirts. His signature appears to me to say 3rd Lt., but a pay voucher dated Jun. 1 '63, clearly says 2nd Lt. He is shown as present on two muster rolls, one for the period from Dec. 31 '62 to Mar. 6 '63, the other for an overlapping period of Dec. 31 '62 to Apr. 30, '62. The Mar. 6 date was likely the day that they became the 6th Georgia Cav. Now it gets a little confusing. The next muster roll, for the period Jul. 1 '63 to Dec. 31, '63 shows him captured Dec. 24, '63. His next card shows him sent to Camp Chase, Ohio on Jan. 1 '64. However later records show the following information: Captured at Tazwell, Tennessee, Jan. 29 '64, received from Camp Nelson at Louisville Military Prison, Feb. 2 '64, sent to Camp Chase, Feb. 3 '64, sent to Ft. Delaware, Mar. 25 '64, received at Ft. Delaware Mar. 27 '64. Subsequently he was released upon signing an oath of allegiance Jun. 12, '65. Upon release he is described as a resident of Floyd County, Georgia, with light complexion, dark hair, blue eyes, standing 6' 2".