|Posted By:||Jim Hodges|
|Subject:||Richard Taylor and Roger Hodges, Child Immigranrts, 1635|
|Post Date:||November 19, 2012 at 08:07:42|
|Forum:||Bermuda Genealogy Forum|
A Roger Hodges was arrested in Tower Ward, on Tower Street by Constable Davies as
a child vagrant in 1635. [ref: Early Child Immigrants to Virginia, 1618-1642
by Robert Hume; Bridewell Royal Hospital. Publisher: Baltimore, Md., U.S.A. : Magna
Carta Book Co., 1986.] and on 10 June 1635, he was sent thru Gravesend to Bermuda
on the True Love of London. His age is listed as 17. Richard Taylor, age 16 is on the
same ship. [ref: Memorials of the Bermudas by Maj-Gen J H Lefroy 1877; J Camden
Hotten's Original Lists of Persons of Quality"; M Tepper, "Passengers to America".]
Many of the boys were among those described by the Spanish visitor, Rivera, in 1639;
Labour in the fields and inn the farm-houses is performed by boys, who are either
orphans or have been abandoned [in England] and most of them, expecting
betterment, have been brought to the Island in the ships that call here. They serve for
ten years at a very miserable wage, which is paid in tobacco .... They are clothed on
the same scale, and thus live poorly and practically in a state of slavery. On
completion of their time, however, they are freed; no force or violence is employed, a
point to which much attention is given." [ref: Bermuda Historical Quarterly,vol 18,
no 1, 1961, Shipwrecked Spaniards in 1639, Their grievances against Bermudians,
Translated from Spanish by L. D. Gurrin].
Some of these boys ran away to New England in 1641, as John Wintrop noted in his journal in June of that year. "About this time three boys of Summers' Islands stole away in an open boat or skiff, and having been eight weeks at sea, their boat was cast away upon a strand without Long Island,
and themselves were saved by the Indians."
The fortunes of some of the young men and boys who came on the Truelove and the
Dorset in 1635 can be traced. Eight of them were still living in Bermuda nearly Three
decades later, at the time of a 1663 survey. Of these eight, five had become tenants
on land owned by someone else, but at least three of these young men who came to
Bermuda in 1635 with nothing but their had become landowners by 1663, and at least
two of these had become wealthy slaveholders. They had managed to acquire land of
their own in a colony where almost all the land had been parceled out and the path
toupward mobility was growing very narrow indeed. The majority of the young men and
boys who came to Bermuda after the first generation of settlement left the islands,
perhaps to try their luck in the English colonies on the mainland or in the Caribbean.
There was simply no room for them in Bermuda. [ref: Slaves and Slaveholders in Bermuda, 1616-1782, Virginia Bernhard , 336 pages]
[Other references to be checked:
Bermuda settlers of the 17th century : genealogical notes from Bermuda
author: Mercer, Julia E.
Richard Norwood’s Survey of the Land and Landholder’s of Bermuda
Mr Richard Norwood’s survey booke by him made in the yeares 1662, 1663]
Richard Taylor; Headright Cetificate of Norfolk co., Virginia dated 15 Apr 1664 for 100 acs for his own transportation.
Richard Taylor and Thomas Nash, Patent 5:531 1665 446 acs (in Norfolk county, Virginia)
Roger Hodges files with The Court of Lower Norfolk his intention to leave the Colony. [page 85, Norfolk Court Records, 1665 to ___, Source: We Cousins, Sotherland]
Richard Taylor and Roger Hodges marry sisters Margaret and Mary Manning in Norfolk county, Virginia and live on Julian Creek in Norfolk county, Virginia.
I am interested in any reference to Richard Taylor or Roger Hodges between 1635 and 1665 in either Bermuda or Norfolk county, Virginia.