Posted By:Rebecca Walch
Subject:Re: Rogers' Rangers
Post Date:February 08, 2005 at 07:09:21
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Forum:Seven Years War Forum
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Thank you very, very much for checking.

My gggg grandfather, Stephen Sands, was in Robert McCrea's company of Queen's Rangers. (Historic note: Robert's sister Jane was the Jane McCrea who was killed by Indians).

My gggg grandfather first shows up on a muster roll in 1780. He was in McCrea's company from then until the surrender at Yorktown in 1781 and was taken prisoner. He, with the other Queen's Rangers, was disbanded in Nova Scotia/New Brunswick in 1783.

Although Stephen's military records begin in 1776--according to the British Military Archives website--I don't know what regiment he was with before 1780. I'm assuming he was a Queen's Ranger then. There is a New Brunswick record that contains a notation by his name that reads "QR, 7 years". I do wonder about why he joined at such a young age and that's why I wondered if his father, or some other relative, might have fought with Rogers.

Is there anyone surnamed DODGE in your source?

The following information is about Queen's Rangers, not Roberts Rangers of the French and Indian War, but I hope you'll find it interesting:

From the book "Westchester County during the American Revolution 1775-1783" by Otto Hufeland, 1926:

Pages 186-187

"These drastic "Resolutions" were supplemented on December 12th 1776 by the following:

That Colo. Malcolm be ordered to take the most effectual measures for apprehending or destroying such of the Enemy's Rangers & other their Troops as may be found in the said County: as also for the Bringing away from such parts of the said County as are more immediately exposed to the Enemy, all Forrage Grain Cattle Sheep Horses &ca. giving receipts therefor to the parties from whom the same are taken respectively; and burning all Boats along the Sound as far eastward as Rye inclusively, if necessary; and for their purpose he be empowered to press Teams, carts waggons, Horses &ca. the Expense to be paid by Stephen Ward Esquire.

The "Rangers" referred to in this resolution were the "Queen's Rangers" composed of American loyalists under the command of Colonel Robert Rogers, a noted Indian fighter in the French and Indian War, who for some time hesitated in his allegiance but finally accepted a commision from the British. His methods of warfare were those practiced against the Indians and as his regiment was recruited from the Tories of the vicinity, it was justly feared and detested. Like all the active Tories, the Rangers were not only vindictive, but in many instances committed cruelties in revenge for treatment they had suffered from their former neighbors. They were intimately familiar with the county and were kept informed by relatives and sympathizers, who did not themselves take up arms. This made them a formidable enemy, dreaded by the inhabitants, so that many efforts were made to destroy them. Such were the conditions under which the people of the lower part of the County lived at the end of 1776. But it was only the beginning."