The logical thinking was---- where in England was Tanning of Hydes done during that period. I have relatives living in different area there. I ask them to research different facts for me. Colyton England was the answer.
Richard Nehimiah Cates was indentured to Benjamin Harrison Jr. near Henrco Co. on the James River. There are no records for him after he arrived . Presumed that he died or ran away before serving his term of indenture.
Benjamin Harrison Jr. was in the habit of "borrowing" names of imported individuals for the purpose of obtaining tracts of land under the head rights law. This was not an unusal scheme during that time.
Our Cates were not finished with Benjamin Harrison Jr. LATER some of the sons of Robert Cate Sr ( shoemaker) had the task appointed to them when Benjamin Harrison Jr. died to take inventory of his assets.
I am confident that this research from England is correct.
William Abraham and Margaret Agnes Cates had
Twin Sons: born 21 August 1667, Robert Ezra Cates and Richard Nehimiah Cates .These sons were christened at Saint Andrew Church in Colyton, Devon, England . Religion was Calvinism (which soon evolved to Presbyterian )
This was researched for me in England .
This next text about Robert ( indentured servant ) is from a Book written by : Philip Alexander Bruce -1895
Robert Cate b.1667 Colyton, Devon, England "The Shoemaker" Our Ancestor
There are different dates found in this book as well as others that my cousin searched, for the exact date on the contract of Robert CATE'S Indentured service to Peter Wyke . There could be a mis-print.
Robert would have been only 12 according to the 1679 date in this one. Looking at the 1689 date and recording of OCT 1689 found by Banks Cates Jr. also on Ken Cates' site seems more reasonable. You can decide. .
Book Published 1895 Title : Economic History of Virginia - written by Philip Alexander Bruce The Mac Millian Company --Volume 2 pages 478-479
"The leading planters were in the habit of importing shoemakers from England for the same reasons that moved them to bring representatives of other trades.
Fitzhugh writing to John Cooper, one of his London correspondants,in 1662, requests him to send over to Virginia several shoemakers, with lasts,awls,and knives, together with
half a hundred shoemaker threads, some twenty ot thirty gallons of train oil and proper colorings for leather. He had set up a tan-house and wished to convert the product into shoes on his own plantation.( 1)
The need of importing shoemakers was probably greater in the Northern Neck, in which part of the Colony Fitzhugh resided, than in the older communities, where the representatives of trade was more numerous and more skillful.
The county records of that period contained many indentures between planters and shoemakers. Of these, a fair example was the contract of Robert CATE and Peter Wyke of Henrico in 1679. CATE entered into bonds to serve Wyke for a term of four years.
He was to be exempted from task of planting and tending tobacco, but he was required to perform all other agricultural work; he was to receive by way of remunerations, food, drink, apparel, washing,and lodging, and when his agreement expired , a good suit and three barrels of Indian corn were to given him.
It will be observed that while CATE was engaged principally for his knowledge of the shoemaker's trade, he was also expected to make himself useful in other branches of industry.(2)
This was probably the case with all classes of machanics who earned a livelihood in employment of landowners in the seventeenth century."
1- Reference -Letters of William Fitzhugh, July 1692 ( this was after the date 1679 mentioned in the book)
2- Reference-Records of Henrico County, bol.1688-1697, page 85, Va. State Library
( ship manifest-Bengal-Merchant of Bristol- 1689 reference - Henrico County Court Records -books by William W.Hening - Va. State Library
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