This is from the Norfolk Newspaper, 1972 or 73. A cartoon-like picture was with it. In the picture is our Elizabeth "Causon" (Cason) on her knees.
"SHE IS THOROUGHLY REMEMBERED"
The testy character of Madam Sarah Thoroughood-Gookin-Yeardley, first grande dame of Lower Norfolk County, has rumbled down the centuries like the muffled thunder of far-off artillery. Sarah had a definite mind of her own, and the early Norfolk area records are besprinkled with her legal wrangling. One of the first things a newcomer learned in her day was to steer clear of anything remotely connected with her. Those who disregarded the warning usually had the sheriff pounding on their doors before their criticisms were cold.
Born in London in 1609, Sarah was a daughter of Robert Offley, "Turkey Merchant," and Anne Osborne, daughter of Sir Edward Osborne, Lord Mayor of London in 1583. In 1624, when she was 15, Sarah was married in St. Anne's Blackfriars, London to Capt. Adam Throughood, who had only recently been released from a four-year indenture to Edward Walters of Elizabeth City County, Virginia. Both Sarah and Adam were ambitious and by 1635, with the aid of powerful friends in England and Virginia, they were the proprietors of a princely grant of 5,350 acres of land on the Chesopean, later known as the Lynnhaven River. In 1636, one year before the establishment of lower Norfolk County, of which he was the leading citizen, Adam Throughgood was named to the governor's council at Jamestown. four years later he was dead. Six months after burying him Sarah slapped a suit against Elizabeth Causon (Cason) for saying that her late husband never paid a bill. Elizabeth lost the suit and was forced to beg Sarah's pardon publicly on her knees in Lynnhaven Church. Shortly thereafter, Sarah married Capt. John Gookin who came to live with her in the "Grand Manor House" near the Lynnhaven that the old records definitely prove was not the house now known as the Adam Thoroughgood house. A few months after Gookin's death, two loose-tongued neighbors were unwise enough to make scandalous remarks concerning one of Sarah's daughters by her first husband.
Both felt the widow Gookin's wrath speedily when one sentenced to publicly apologize, while the other received 50 lashes on his bare back for opening his month too wide. In 1647 Sarah again tried matrimony, that time with Col. Francis Yeardley 20 years her junior. Shortly thereafter the progenitors of Moseley family of Lower Norfolk County arrived on the scene from Holland, long on jewelry and short on livestock. Madam Yeardley's eyes apparently coveted the former for she was soon wearing Madam Moseley's brilliants in exchange for certain cattle. Sarah's last appearance on the scene was characteristic. When the Emperor of the Roanoke Indians was visiting the Lynnhaven area, she took him to church with her in defiance of certain malcontents who wished to do him harm. Yeardley died in 1655, and Sarah followed him two years' later. Her will ordered that her best diamond necklace and jewel (formerly Madam Moseley's?), be sent to London to be used in the purchase of six diamond mourning rings and two black marble tombstones.
At least one of the latter was delivered and was still around until the waters of the Lynnhaven River claimed it early in the 19th century. It read: "Here lyeth ye body of Capt. John Gookin and also ye body of Mrs. Sarah Yeardley who was the wife to Capt. Adam Thoroughgood first, Capt. John Gooking and Collonel Francis Yeardley who deceased August 1657"
(NOTE: Ellen Cason (ch. 24 SEP 1561 Hertfordshire, Eng., married Thomas Thorogood.)
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