This is the much delayed next installment of a discussion of the Carter wives of eighteenth century Goochland County, Virginia. The recent messages elsewhere in this forum concerning Thomas Carter and Mary Klipatrick who were married in Goochland in 1751 reminded me that I had not finished my input to this discussion.
We know that Thomas of Gochland Carter had a wife named Susannah because she joined him in a deed to John Creasy in Goochland in 1735. She is often identified as Susannah Baynes. I don't know who first wrote this but I assume it started with the Malone book on Josiah Carter. Malone introduces her this way - "Thomas Carter and Susannah Carter owned land next to Deep Creek near Muddy Creek in what is now Powhatan County". This allowed him to place Carter in close proximity to one Abraham Michaux who owned land near Deep Creek. Michaux was granted a patent for 850 acres in this area in 1713 in which Thomas Carter is named as a headright. Malone's theory is that this Thomas Carter who was imported by Michaux is Thomas of Goochland Carter, but that opens a whole other can of worms and is best deferred to another discussion. He goes on - "Thomas Carter, Sr. apparently married Susannah Baynes, because there are two deeds both dated 6-10-1735 in Goochland Co., one in which Thomas Carter deeds to his "son Edward" (a son of Thomas Sr. as shown in his will), and another in which he and Susanna Carter jointly deed land on Deep Creek." And later, "Since Thomas Carter Jr. named a daughter Susannah and a son Baynes, one might expect him to be the Thomas Carter who married Susannah Baynes, rather than Thomas Carter, Sr. This would be a strong consideration were it not that the above deeds are too obvious to be coincidence." He concludes this paragraph thusly, "This lends strong additional proof that Thomas Carter, Jr., father of Josiah Carter, was the son of this Thomas Carter, Sr., since Thomas, Jr. named a son Baynes and a daughter Susannah, and Thomas, Sr. was married to Susannah (Baynes?)."
There are a number of problems with the above: not the least of which is the rather circular argument to arrive at the "proof that Thomas Carter, Jr. . . . was the son of this Thomas Carter, Sr". Malone was probably a victim of a careless abstractor in that the deed he references, in which Susanna Carter is a party, does NOT involve land next to Deep Creek although that is what the abstract contained in Weisiger's abstracts of the deed book indicates. When we consult the actual recorded deed, we find that the deed involves land on Deep Run of Muddy Creek that Thomas Carter had acquired in 1733. In fact there is no record that Thomas Carter of Goochland owned any land next to or near Deep Creek of present day Powhatan County. Malone does not reference the abstract as his source but that is clearly where the Deep Creek language came from. In any case, the deed in question clearly indicates (as does the abstract) that Susanna Carter signed with a mark: this will prove important when we try to identify this Sunannah. Thomas Carter, Jr. did indeed name a daughter Susannah and a son Baynes but, it seems a bit of a stretch to conclude that he would so honor a stepmother. Finally Malone seems to have had some doubt as to Susannah's surname in the concluding sentence since he includes a question mark.
Later in the same section Malone cites a Henrico County deed from Henry Anderson to William Randolph that was witnessed on 26 Sep 1730 by Thomas Carter and Susannah Baynes. He assumes that the Thomas Carter is Thomas of Goochland Carter but gives no rationale for this assumption. The deed in question involves land where Anderson lived on the south side of the James River adjacent to Turkey Island where Randolph lived. At the time this deed was witnessed Thomas of Goochland Carter lived over 20 miles up river in the new county of Goochland. I have argued elsewhere that the likely hood is that this witness is not Thomas of Goochland Carter but rather Thomas Carter of Turkey Island. I have not seen the recorded deed itself but the abstract indicates that Susannah Baynes singed with a full signature. This fact would suggest that Susannah Baynes and Susannah the wife of Thomas of Goochland Carter were two different women.
I do have another possible identity for Susannah Carter, wife of Thomas of Goochland Carter. Susannah Hudlesey was a widow by 7 Jan 1722 when she presented to the Henrico Court the will of her husband Charles Hudlesey which was proved by the oath of Elizabeth Bibe(Bybe) and the solemn affirmation of Stephen Hughes, a Quaker. The court assigned Roger Carol, Fra's Eppison, Thomas Biby(Bybe) and Peter Baize to appraise his estate. All of these men as well as Thomas Carter of Goochland were close neighbors. That this Susanna was known to Thomas Carter of Goochland is indicated by the fact that on 18 Nov 1729 his son Robert Carter of St James Parish, Goochland Co, deeded [DB 1/144] to Susannah Hulsey, widow, of same Parish, for £30 , 100 acres of land on north side of James River between land of Henry Atkinson and John Webb, with all houses, etc, being land where Charles Hulsey did formerly dwell. On the same day Susannah Hulsey deeded [DB 1/445] to her son Charles Hulsey for love and affection 200a (this must have included the 100a just purchased of Robert Carter) lying on the upper side of the lower branch of Beaverdam Creek between the lines of Peter Bayes and John Webb. Susannah signed this deed with her mark. The fact that Charles Hudlesey's will apparently did not devise his land to his son suggest that the son may have been born after his death or at the earliest after he wrote his will. This would put the son's age in 1729 at six or seven years. That he wrote a will is proved by entries in Henrico County Court Order Books but I am told by archivists at the Library of Virginia that a recorded copy of his will does not exist. With respect to Susannah Hulsey executing a deed of gift to son Charles Hulsey when he was a mere lad, I can offer a possible explanation. The transaction is quite legal but is unusual and could mean that Susannah planned to remarry and did not want the land to become the property of her new husband which is what would happen if she owned it at the time of the marriage. It is known that Thomas Carter, father of Robert, married a Susannah sometime between 1726 and 1735, perhaps it was Charles Hulsey's widow.
Next we'll take a look at Mary Kilpatrick and later the wives of Thomas of Goochland Carter's son John Carter.
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