While I have seen considerable discussion of Thomas Carter of Goochland and his sons I have seen very little on their wives. I know its much more difficult to identify the females of that era but that doesn't mean we shouldn't try. Perhaps I can spark a discussion with the following.
It is clear that in 1726 when Thomas of Goochland Carter wrote his will he had a wife named Penele because she was so named in the will. I do not know who first gave her a surname of Carrell (or Carroll) but I am reasonably sure that this was based on the will of a Roger Carrell which was proved and recorded in Henrico County on 4 Mar 1727/8. The Carrell will was witnessed by Thomas Carter who signed his full name. In the will Carrell names his wife Elizabeth and names "my son" Thomas Carter as one of the executors, clearly indicating a son-in-law.
I am unaware of any evidence that indicates Roger Carrell had a daughter named Penele. There are however indications that he had a daughter Mary who married a Carter. In the Vestry Book for St. James Northam Parish in Goochland County the following entries pertain to payments made by the parish in support of the poor and infirm:
25 Sep 1760 To Eliza Carrel for her support
16 Dec 1764 To Roger Carrel for support of his mother.
23 Dec 1767 To Mary Carter for the support of Mrs. Carrel
31 Dec 1770 To Mary Carter for Mrs. Carrell 5 mo.s
31 Dec 1770 To Roger Carrel for Mrs. Carrell 7 mo.s
20 Dec 1774 To Roger Carrell for keeping Eliza Carrell
I believe that the Elizabeth Carrel (Carrell) who is being supported is the widow of Roger Carrell and that the Mary Carter mentioned in 1767 must be the widow of Thomas Carter, Junior who died in 1763. In all likelihood Thomas Junior's wife Mary Carter left Goochland on or before 20 Dec 1773 when she and her son Baynes sold the Fleming Park Creek homestead that Thomas Carter, Junior devised to his son Baynes and in which Mary Carter would have had dower rights. On the Goochland deed [DB 10/446] Mary Carter made her mark, an upper case "C", which is consistent with a maiden name that begins with the letter "C". I know of no instance where a female of the period used an initial from her married name as her mark.
William the son of Roger Carrell left a will, recorded as William Carrol, in Goochland [DB 2/31] dated 4 Sep 1734, proved 19 Nov 1734. This will was witnessed by William Sanders, Thomas (+) Carter, George Williamson and Julius Sanders. The fact that Thomas Carter signed with a mark rather than a signature implies that this is Thomas Carter, Junior (a brother-in-law?) rather than Thomas Carter of Goochland who signed documents with a full signature. It is an interesting fact that while Thomas of Goochland Carter was literate, apparently none of his sons were able to write their names as all known documents they executed included their marks rather than signatures. This is not surprising in view of the literacy pattern in colonial Virginia but it may tell us something of where and under what circumstances the sons spent their formative years.
On 1 May 1706 a patent for 570 acres of land in Henrico County was granted to Richard Cock, Junior. Two of the head rights mentioned in this patent were Roger Carrell and Hanna Carrell. Later in 1714, Richard Cocke, Junior was granted a patent in Henrico County on Beaverdam Creek adjacent to the lands of Joseph Pleasants. This later property would eventually share a common border with land Thomas Carter would receive from the Woodson's Licking Hole Survey. I believe that Roger Carrell lived on this second plantation as an overseer perhaps, raised his family there and died there. I do not know how Roger Carrell came to possess the 800 acres near Buck Island that he devised to his sons in his will but I do not think he ever lived there.
Given these facts I believe that Mary, the wife of Thomas Carter, Junior of Fleming Park Creek, was Mary Carrell, daughter of Roger Carrell and that "my son" Thomas Carter from the Roger Carrell will is Thomas Carter, Junior NOT Thomas Carter of Goochland.
Next we'll analyze what we know of Susannah Baynes.
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