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Re: Ecole Menagere, Hospice Saint-Joseph
Posted by: Muriel (ID *****0479) Date: January 16, 2006 at 09:10:34
In Reply to: Ecole Menagere, Hospice Saint-Joseph by Debra Parsons of 1963

There were many institutions in QC known as Hospice Saint-Joseph so it would help if you knew the name of the religious community that ran it. Also, there's a big difference between ÉCOLE MÉNAGÈRE & HOSPICE. They're not the same & they're not orphanages.
An ÉCOLE MÉNAGÈRE was a school (mostly boarding schools run by nuns) equivalent to High Schools but that taught their female students to become homemakers, albeit while studying academics. These schools were also known as INSTITUT FAMILIAL. You may see a 1941 group picture of students of one of these institutions operated by the Gray Nuns (Sisters of Charity) of Montréal at the following link:

As for HOSPICES, these were homes for the aged, also run by religious communities. Today, the same word usually refers to palliative care units attached to hospitals, but that was not the case in past years. HOSPICES represented a home for the elderly. They were usually small homes with a dozen or so persons and were served by a few nuns. Here's a link that shows a picture of students at St-Vincent-de-Paul Boarding School (originally founded as an orphanage) in Manchester, NH. It was founded by the Sisters of Providence (known then as the Filles de Charité, soeurs de la Providence). The students are lined up in front of a HOSPICE for the elderly, that was also founded by the same community of sisters. The Boarding School is to the extreme right in the background. What seems to be a private home behind the students, is the HOSPICE where about 10 elderly women were cared for by one nun.

I hope I've explained the difference between these institutions, so that you can direct your research sufficiently to get positive results.

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