Hi again, Janie;
Please feel free to contact me through my direct e-mail addresses, also. I know that there is an ultimate limit on the postings to the "forum." This goes for others researching the middle TN-northern AL-MO Campbell lines. I'd like to sort out the James and Alexanders better. Just because some of these Campbells in Rutherford, Bedford, etc. go back to Patrick, Robert and David who arrived in Augusta Co., VA in 1739-40, it doesn't mean all of them do. Also there were intermarriages between the two main Campbell lines (descendants of the 1st-3rd baronet of Auchinbreck--and descendants of the 5th baronet-3rd Baron), both direct and indirect sometimes through Hayes/Hays, Stuarts, Whites, and others who were in Augusta and adjacent counties--and previously in Lancaster Co., PA.
One thing I did discover, though. By about 1760, most of the Campbells who were in Pennsylvania had moved south through VA. There was a reason. The Iroquois and Pennsylvania government had put up more effective and better enforced barriers to westward settlement by whites until _after_ the Revolution. Therefore the expanding families who arrived in Pennsylvania, Maryland or Virginia between 1708 and 1747 and were expanding a generation after arrival had little choice but to go south where the Virginia government, followed by the North Carolina government, and Cherokee, etc. were more "lenient." There are several references to Campbells directing their inheritances and remaining lands be sold in Pennsylvania by proxy as they are already in Virginia. These records are typically between the late 1750's and early 1770's.
Once they arrived in Virginia there were three main migration routes into middle Tennessee. The first and quickest migration group arrived during and just after the Revolution through West Virginia and Kentucky. This group literally passed through Kentucky so quickly that only a few marriages and deaths show up in the Kentucky records. They arrived with Davidson and Robertson in the Nashville area. They passed through Kentucky quickly because it was a major war zone between four parties: Cherokee and Iroquois-Shawnee; British and American Revolutionaries. Tennessee was quite literally, more peaceful. The second group went through Montgomery, Botetourt and Washington Counties, VA into Washington, Hawkins, Jefferson, Claiborne and Knox Co.'s TN arriving in the later period of the Revolution and just afterward. Greene county also got some of this migration--and the third one. The third, and latest of the "big three" went from Virginia to North Carolina (Rowan, Burke, Iredell, Stokes, Surry, Wilkes--"the New River and western Yadkin River" counties," etc.) through Blount, Sevier, Roane, and Loudon Counties and some through Greene County. Groups two and three met and intermarried to some degree in Knox, Roane, Cumberland and White Counties, then Williamson County, and counties immediately south and southwest of that, from about 1804-1816.
Later arriving relatives of the earliest arrivals in each of three main migratory areas, followed later along the exact same routes as their relatives. They looked to their kinsmen who had arrived earlier for hospitality, and assistance in finding out about decent lands elsewhere in the state and getting the best patents earlier than others might. Dates and the earliest known counties, then of families who by the 1830's were elsewhere in Tennessee or northern Alabama or northern Mississippi, are important to identifying overall families--especially since a large part of the Tennessee census records were burned accidentally prior to 1830.
Cecilia L. Fabos-Becker, San Jose, CA
firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
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