I am a descendant of John Cammack (ca.1743-1834) who was born in Caroline Co. Va., lived in Spotsylvania Co. Va. until about 1790, migrated to Fauquier Co. Va., then to Wythe Co. Va., Mercer Co. Ky. and finally Springfield, Washington Co. Ky., where he died in 1834. He was married to Nancy Miller. There seems to be strong proof he was the son of Francis Cammack, who left a noncupative will written by John Cammack, in 1778, Spotsylvania Co. Va.
I understand that the John Cammack born about 1760 who died 1832 in Bibb Co. Al. is also said to be the John Cammack listed in the 1778 will of Francis Cammack, Spotsylvania Co. Va. Obviously there is a conflict since both men are separate individuals. I'm replying to your message because I think it's important to try to decipher this quandry rather then let it lie.
I think one piece of evidence that links John Cammack (1743-1834) to Spotsylvania Co. Va. are numerous affidavits filed by his children in the 1830's who were attempting to get him a pension for alleged service in the Revolutionary War. One detail is his brother-in-law Charles Burrage (1748-1820, married Katherine Cammack, who did serve in the 10th Va. Charles Burrage did live in Spotsylvania County, Virginia and purchased land from John Cammack in 1792. This would link John Cammack of Washington Co. Va. to Spotsylvania Co. Va.
Here is a summary of what I believe is an accurate biography of John Cammack (ca.1743-1834).
John Cammack, was born about 1743 in Caroline County, Virginia. Married during the Christmas holiday season possibly in 1766, in Caroline County, Virginia, to Nancy Ann Miller, daughter of John Miller, born about 1749. On February 10, 1773, John Cammack purchased 46.5 acres in Berkeley Parish of Spotsylvania County, Virginia from Uriah Edwards, for 45 lbs. John Cammack did not know how to read and write and always made an "x" when making his mark on a deed. It was a family tradition that John Cammack served in the Revolutionary War, enlisting for three years in Caroline County, Virginia sometime in 1776 or 1777.
In an 1839 deposition, his son James stated that he "thinks his father served in the company of Capt. Brock and Captain Holiday and in Col. Spotswood’s Regiment". There was a Lt. John Brock and a Capt. John Spotswood in the 10th Virginia Regiment commanded by Col. Edward Stevens. John’s brother-in-law Charles Burrage served in this company from 1777-1780. John’s wife Nancy testified in 1837 that Charles and John served together at the seige of Little York. They joined Gen. Lafayette’s army in a march from Raccoon Ford to the lower part of Virginia.
Charles Burrage himself in 1819 testified that he marched to Morristown where he was innoculated for small pox. He then served in the battles of Brandywine, Germantown and Monmouth Court House and was discharged at Morristown. Although James Cammack remembered seeing his father’s miliitary discharge certificate and there is a record in the Virginia State Archives of a John Cammock serving in the Revolutionary War, there would be extreme difficulty proving this in later years.
On May 10, 1778, John Cammack purchased 32 acres in Berkeley Parish for 28 lbs. From John Sanders. John purchased 140 acres in the same parish, located on Stony Run, from his brother Francis Cammack on June 1, 1784 for 50 lbs. John Cammack in the 1787 Spotsylvania County tax list owned 3 slaves, 3 horses and mules and 10 head of cattle. John sold to John Long the 140 acre plot for 30 lbs., on January 26, 1791. On June 7, 1792, he sold 84 acres to brother-in-law Charles Burrage, for 50 lbs. This was land purchased in 1773 and 1778.
Between 1800-09, John Cammack brought his family to Wythe County, Virginia. About 1813, he moved with most of his children to Mercer County, Kentucky. John found himself in the Mercer County Circuit Court several times, including being charged with Trespass and Assault & Battery, on March 5, 1818. He was accused along with a Lewis Cammack, possibly a son, by a Daniel Colvin. John was ordered June 8, 1818 to pay Garret Darland $250 that he owed him. Darland had taken him to court originally on September 3, 1817.
John Cammack was a slave owner most of his adult life. He inherited two from his father’s estate. While living in Mercer County, John owned between 4-5 slaves. He began giving some of these slaves away as gifts to his children in Mercer County. On February 19, 1817, he gave a female named "Milly", aged 26-27 and her son named Madison, aged 8 months old, to daughter Delphi and her husband. On March 20, 1818, John gave "Charlotte", a slave girl, to his remaining unmarried daughters Polly and Martha "Patsy" Cammack and to Polly’s children born out of wedlock, Joseph Cammack and Martin Cammack. That same day, he gave a 4 year old slave named Jacob to his son James.
About this time, the spelling "McCammack" begins appearing in records relating to John’s family. According to one family tradition, this is due to John Cammack’s military records being recorded under the name "McCammack" and his futile attempts to gain a pension in his old age. On the deed dated February 19, 1817 when John gave two slaves to his daughter Delpha, his name was written on the deed as "John McCammack". In the 1818 Mercer County tax list the following spring, his name was written as "John McCammack" again. This may well have something to do with the bill pending in the U.S. Congress to grant a pension to most men who served in the American Revolution. This bill was approved March 18, 1818.
If John knew his military service was performed under the name "McCammack", he may have been preparing to file for a pension. There is no record of such an application during this time frame however. By March 20, 1818, he was using the name "Cammack" again. And he personally, always appears as "Cammack" in records thereafter.
In 1824, John and Nancy Cammack left Mercer County and moved to Washington County, Kentucky, which bordered Mercer on the west. John Cammack of Mercer County, Kentucky is shown as purchasing 100 acres for $500 from his son James in Washington County on November 20, 1824.
John applied for a Bounty Land Warrant which was due Revolutionary War veterans. It was rejected, his application being returned on March 16, 1833. He died March 10, 1835 in Washington County, Indiana, near 92 years of age.
Congress passed an act providing veterans and widows of veterans a pension on July 4, 1836. On October 20, 1837 at Mercer County, Kentucky, Mrs. Nancy Cammack, aged about 88, gave her deposition in hopes of getting a pension for her late husband’s military service. Son James gave his deposition earlier that year. On April 21, 1839, in Washington County, Kentucky, another attempt was made, with Mrs. Nancy Cammack, James and daughter Margaret giving depositions. The attempt was unsuccessful and the pension request was denied.
Nancy Cammack lived near Springfield, Washington County, in 1839. The burial place of John and Nancy Cammack is unknown.
I wonder who John Cammack, died 1832 Bibb Co. Alabama is? Do you know where he is found prior to 1800 in Livingston Co. KY.? I know he lived in Laurens Co. S.C., 1774. I think by placing him definitely in places other than Spotsylvania Co. when John Cammack is making an "x" on deeds ca.1778-92, we can separate these two individuals.
I believe I've read the book written by Cecil Clagle and have a copy of parts of it. I will be happy to exchange information on these families if you like.
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