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Cain Family of Sussex VA and West
Posted by: Pat Klusman Date: March 21, 1999 at 17:03:35
  of 5548

I am posting this lengthy family line to this forum in hopes it will be of use, it represents some years of research and includes help from others. I would like to correspond with other researchers of this line to clarify Michajah Cains children as I know I do not have them all. In hope that the following will be of help to researchers in SC, GA, Ky and other places where Cains seem to appear.

Descendants of James Cain

Generation No. 1

1. JAMES2 CAIN (JAMES OR GEORGE1) was born 1695 in Surry County Va, and died 1770 in Sussex County, VA. He married UNIDENTIFIED CAIN Abt. 1720 in Virgina.

Notes for JAMES CAIN:
James Cain, I is first found in Surry County, VA sometime in 1683. This may be the father of the James who in 1717 purchased land in Surrey County VA. He was listed on page 350 of Surry County Record Book II as having paid 4,000 pounds of tobacco to Mr. Witherington for 75 acres of land on November 7, 1662. This land was located in Southwarke Parish of Surry County. He was listed in the Lawnes Creek Tithatables 1683 as the head of his household. He and his wife are said to be the ancestors of a good number of the Virginia Cains. Evidence has not revealed who his wife was however. James Cain and George Cane purchased land on the Nottoway River in Surry County in 1719. Marmaduke Brown of Surry County sold 200 acres of land on the southside of the Nottoway River to George Cane. It is obvious the two were related and were probably brothers or father and son as James named his second son George. His first son he named James after himself. James Cain was the ancestor of the family of John Cain.

More About JAMES CAIN:
Fact 3: August 16, 1770, Will probated.
Found: 1717, Appeared in Surrey County VA buying land.
Found 2: September 18, 1765, Wrote his will.
Occupation: Planter

2. i. JAMES3 CAIN, JR., b. 1720, Sussex County, VA; d. May 15, 1783, Virginia - Rev War Pensioner.
3. ii. ISHAM CAIN, b. Abt. 1720, Sussex County VA; d. Abt. 1780, Sussex County VA.
iii. SUSANNAH CAIN, b. Abt. 1720.
iv. WINNEAY CAIN, b. Abt. 1720.
v. ANGILLICO CAIN, b. Abt. 1725.

Named as executor of her father's will even though there were three surviving brothers. Never seems to have married.
vi. NEALY CAIN, b. Abt. 1725.
vii. ELIZABETH CAIN, b. Abt. 1730, Sussex County, VA.
4. viii. PETER CAIN, b. August 18, 1732, Sussex County, VA; d. Aft. 1772, Unknown.
ix. HESSIAH CAIN, b. Abt. 1740, Sussex County, VA.

Generation No. 2

2. JAMES3 CAIN, JR. (JAMES2, JAMES OR GEORGE1) was born 1720 in Sussex County, VA, and died May 15, 1783 in Virginia - Rev War Pensioner. He married LUCRETIA CAIN Abt. 1748 in Sussex County VA.

Notes for JAMES CAIN, JR.:
James Cain, Jr. of Albemarle Parish, Sussex County, Viginia received a gift of property from his father James Cain, Sr. This was 200 acres of property in Albemarle Parish and Sussex County on the north side of the Rocky Branch at the rocks near the home of James Cain Sr. This was a 200 acre plantation. James added to his land holding over the years in 1767, 105 acres from William Raines. He bought another 265 acres from a Thomas Wilkerson on the eastern side of Harry's Swamp adjoining the property of James Banks and Peter Cain (his brother).

James Cain Jr. was included in the list of The Revolutionary Soldiers of Virginia compiled by H. J. Eckenrode. He was also included in the Historical Register of Virginians in the Revolution, Soldiers, Sailors, Marines, 1775-1783 which was compiled by John. H. Gwathmey.

More About JAMES CAIN, JR.:
Fact 3: home of James, Sr. and adjoining the land of William Raines.
Fact 4: July 15, 1755, received a patent for 28 acres in Sussex County on north side
Fact 6: 1767, James added to land by buying 105 acres from William Raines.
Fact 7: Bought a tract of 265 acres from Thomas Wilkerson (possible father of Elizabeth)
Fact 8: Land was on eastern side of Harry's Swamp.
Fact 9: 1776, Served as Revolutionary War Soldier, listed in DAR Index
Fact 10: Pension awarded to wife for his service.
Found: October 09, 1754, Received as gift 200 acres of property in Albemarle Parish and Sussex Cty. Va
Found 2: from father James. Land on the northside of Rocky Branch at the rocks near the
Occupation: of Nottaway River next to his father's land and land of George Randall.

Unable to discover maiden name.

Occupation: Wife and mother

Children of JAMES CAIN and LUCRETIA CAIN are:
5. i. MICAJAH4 CAIN, b. January 09, 1747/48, Sussex County, VA; d. Abt. 1820, Bedford, VA.
6. ii. WILLIAM CAIN I, b. November 09, 1749, Surry County, VA.
iii. MARY CAIN, b. December 22, 1752, Sussex County, VA; m. (/) MORGAN.
iv. JAMES CAIN III, b. April 09, 1756, Sussex County, VA.
v. ALLEN CAIN, b. December 08, 1758, Sussex County, VA; m. SARAH WILBURN, March 1778.
vi. PETER CAIN, b. August 18, 1762, Surrey, Sussex County Kentucky; m. SWATY STUARD.

vii. ELIZABETH CAIN, b. September 16, 1764, Sussex County, VA; d. Never married..
viii. LUCRETIA CAIN, b. July 20, 1767, Virgina; m. THOMAS DAVIS.
ix. GEORGE CAIN, b. February 19, 1770, Sussex County, VA.

3. ISHAM CAIN (JAMES2, JAMES OR GEORGE1) was born Abt. 1720 in Sussex County VA, and died Abt. 1780 in Sussex County VA. He married MARTHA BURRROWS Abt. 1758 in Sussex County, VA.

Fact 6: Will

i. ELENOR4 CAIN, b. 1758, Albemarle Parish; d. 1758.
ii. REBECCA CAIN, b. Abt. 1760.
iii. GEORGE CAIN, b. Abt. 1760.
iv. JOHN CAIN, b. Abt. 1760.
v. SUSANNAH CAIN, b. Abt. 1760.
vi. JORDEN CAIN, b. Abt. 1760.
7. vii. THOMAS CAIN I, b. Abt. 1760.
viii. RUFFIN CAIN, b. April 17, 1763.
ix. ISAM CAIN, b. 1775.

4. PETER CAIN (JAMES2, JAMES OR GEORGE1) was born August 18, 1732 in Sussex County, VA, and died Aft. 1772 in Unknown. He married (1) JUDITH TUCKER. He married (2) MARTHA HILL Abt. 1760 in Surrey County, VA.

Found: 1761, Albemarle Parish, Surry & Sussex County, VA
Occupation: Wife

Children of PETER CAIN and MARTHA HILL are:
i. ANNE4 CAIN, b. August 09, 1759.
ii. CLAIBORNE CAIN, b. September 24, 1761, Albemarle Parish.
iii. REBECCA CAIN, b. December 29, 1763.
iv. MARY CAIN, b. January 07, 1769.
v. MATHEW HILL CAIN, b. November 14, 1771.

Generation No. 3

5. MICAJAH4 CAIN (JAMES3, JAMES2, JAMES OR GEORGE1) was born January 09, 1747/48 in Sussex County, VA, and died Abt. 1820 in Bedford, VA. He married (1) KEZIAH WOODWARD. He married (2) BATHIA CAIN Abt. 1769 in Albemarle Parrish, Sussex County, VA. He married (3) ELIZABETH WILKERSON March 16, 1784 in Sussex County, VA.

Micajah Cain is the son of James Cain, Jr., son of James Cain, Sr. who came to Surrey County, VA before 1719. Micajah was not mentioned in James, Sr. will, but neither were other grandchildren. Micajah was in Kentucky in 1814 but removed in 1815 to Bedford, VA. Suspect that when he removed, he left several sons behind including James, who fathered a son named John who lived in Breckinridge County and who named his son John H. Cain. Micajah's son Thomas E. returned to Bedford with his father where he married Oney Meador and raised a family and then returned to Kentucky. Micajah died between 1820 and 1830 probably in Bedford County, Virginia.

Found 2: 1782, Sussex County, son of James Cain, Jr.
Occupation: probably farmer

Occupation: Wife/ Pioneer


8. ii. MARY5 CAIN, b. Abt. 1790, Bedford, VA; d. Unknown, Breckenridge County, KY.
iii. MATHIAS CAIN, b. Abt. 1790.
iv. LUCRETIA CAIN, b. April 03, 1793, Sussex County, Virginia; d. February 28, 1876, Breckinridge County.; m. ELIJAH DOWELL I, 1818, Breckinridge County, KY.

Lucy Cain, at the age of 25 married Elijah Dowell, a man many years older than she was. Her father, Micajah and mother Lucy returned to Bedford with her brother Thomas. Lucy and her sister Mary (wif
e of John Dowell, a brother of Elijah) stayed in Breckinridge. Elijah died about 1825 and John Dowell acted as executor of the estate. Lucy, by dower rights was entitled to 1/3 of Elijah's estate.
This may have caused a rift with the children of Elijah and Jemima (Board). Lucy applied for a pension, but was unable to get it even through there seemed ample proof that Elijah had served in the Rev
olutionary War and even in Washingtons's forces.

Elijah Dowell was born in Bedford Virginia approximate 1760. He was a Revolutionary War Soldier and the sone of George Dowell and Martha (Drinkard?). He married Jemima Board, daughter of James Board, a soldier in the Colonial Forces during the French and Indian War. His brother Nehimiah married Mary (Polly) Board. Elijah's sons and brothers were among the earliest immigrants to Kentucky. John and Nehimiah Dowell are on the tax list in 1784 in Prince William County Kentucky. Elijah moved to Kentucky about 1800. His second wife was Mrs. Lucy Cain (1818) and he died in 1821. In the pension application for Lucy Cain Dowell, she states that Elijah was a private in the company of Capt. John Lee in the troops of Col. Parker. He was drafted in Bedford County for 18 months about January 1777 and then enlisted in the regular service. He was supposed to have served in the Battle of Guildford Court House. She was married on July 26, 1818 in Breckinridge County. Elijah died on the 23rd of August 1821. Elijah Dowells name will be found on the roll of Capt. John Lee from Bedford, VA.

Found 2: Virginia
Occupation: Farmer

v. HOWELL CAIN(?), b. 1798, Virginia; d. Abt. 1850, Breckinridge County, KY; m. MARY.

Notes for HOWELL CAIN(?):
Have not discovered certain link to Micajah, but it appears Howell is probably a son of Micajah who stayed in Breckinridge when his father returned to Bedford, VA. May have been the father of a Lucy

More About HOWELL CAIN(?):
Found 2: 1850, Breckinridge, also records back to 1820
Occupation: Farmer, owned land near Geoge Dowell

9. vi. THOMAS E. CAIN, b. 1800, Virginia; d. 1848, Big Spring, Kentucky.
vii. RHODY CAIN, b. Abt. 1800.
viii. LOVING CAIN, b. Abt. 1802.
ix. JOHN CAIN (1), b. Abt. 1800.

6. WILLIAM4 CAIN I (JAMES3, JAMES2, JAMES OR GEORGE1) was born November 09, 1749 in Surry County, VA. He married SUSANNA ELLIS 1776 in Virginia.

10. i. SUSAN MOURNING5 CAIN, b. January 01, 1787; d. 1867.

7. THOMAS4 CAIN I (ISHAM3, JAMES2, JAMES OR GEORGE1) was born Abt. 1760. He married MARY MALONE October 17, 1799 in Sussex County, daughter of DANIEL MALONE and AMEY CHAPPELL.

11. i. ALLISON CHAPEL5 CAIN, b. September 16, 1800, Sussex County, VA; d. Moved to Limestone County, Alabama.

Generation No. 4

8. MARY5 CAIN (MICAJAH4, JAMES3, JAMES2, JAMES OR GEORGE1) was born Abt. 1790 in Bedford, VA, and died Unknown in Breckenridge County, KY. She married JOHN DOWELL September 28, 1808 in Bedford, VA, son of GEORGE DOWELL and MARTHA DOWELL.

Notes for JOHN DOWELL:
John Dowell was the son of George and Martha Dowell and a brother to Elijah, George, and Micajah, and Nehimiah Dowell, immigrants to Breckinridge in the early 1800's (or earlier). He married a daughter of Micajah Cain. Another daughter was married to his brother Elijah after Elijah's first wife Jemima Board died.

Children of MARY CAIN and JOHN DOWELL are:
i. HENRY6 DOWELL, b. Abt. 1810, Bedford, Va.
ii. CHRISTOPER DOWELL, b. Abt. 1812, Bedford.
iii. THOMAS DOWELL, b. 1814, Breckinridge?.

Fact 6: Will

iv. OATEY T. DOWELL, b. 1815, Breckinridge County, KY; m. ELIZA BEARD.

9. THOMAS E.5 CAIN (MICAJAH4, JAMES3, JAMES2, JAMES OR GEORGE1) was born 1800 in Virginia, and died 1848 in Big Spring, Kentucky. He married (1) ONEY MEADOR Abt. 1820 in Bedford County Virginia, daughter of BENJAMEN MEADOR. He married (2) JEMIMA (MIAMI) DOWELL March 24, 1840 in Breckinridge County, Kentucky, daughter of JAMES DOWELL and BARBARA SHACKLETT.

Notes for THOMAS E. CAIN:
Thomas E. Cain was a soldier in the War of 1812. After the war he returned to Virginia and settled in Bedford County where he married Oney Meador, daughter of Benjamen Meador. They had nine children. After Oney died, Thomas moved to Breckinridge and lived near his married daughter Mary A.E. Orendorff, wife of Mexico Orendorff. Thomas met and married Jemima Dowell, age 25, in Meade County in 1840. They had four children including John H. Cain, father of Glovia Cain. His son, Thomas, married Elizabeth Dowell, cousin of Jemima a year later. Thomas died in 1848 leaving his many younger children orphans. Jemima moved in with her parents until marrying James Bramlette, another much older man in 1852. There might have been another Cain family in Grayson County, but they shared similar names and may have been relatives of Thomas E. of Bedford County.

More About THOMAS E. CAIN:
Fact 3: 1840, On Census in Breckinridge County Kentucky
Fact 4: 1850, Wife and four children on census, Thomas is dead.
Found: 1812, Supposed to have been in War of 1812
Found 2: 1830, Census of Bedford Virginia
Occupation: 1838, Farmer bought farm land five miles west of Big Spring on road to Bewleyville.

Fact 3: 1860, Census of Breckinridge, living in Big Spring, next door to Foor family
Fact 4: Married to James Bramlett after death of Thomas
Found: 1830, Census of Bedford VA
Found 2: 1850, Census Breckinridge County, living with James Dowell

Children of THOMAS CAIN and ONEY MEADOR are:
i. EMPEY6 CAIN, b. 1814.
ii. FRANCES (SARAH F.) CAIN, b. 1815; m. /GANO.
iii. NACISSA V. CAIN, b. 1816, Virginia; m. // COZINE.
iv. LETITIA L. CAIN, b. 1817; m. // MCALLISTER.
v. MARY A. E. CAIN, b. 1818, Bedford, VA; d. Louisville, KY; m. MEXICO ORENDORFF, December 14, 1840, Breckinridge or Bedford, VA.

More About MARY A. E. CAIN:
Found 2: 1850, wife of Mexico Orendorff
Occupation: Kept House

Found 2: 1850, Breckinridge County married to Mary A. (Cain)
Occupation: Farmer

vi. GILES CAIN, b. 1819.

More About GILES CAIN:
Found 2: 1870, Big Spring (moved to Texas)

vii. WILLIAM H. CAIN, b. May 02, 1822, Bedford, VA; m. (1) MARY HARDAWAY, 1843, Breckinridge; m. (2) CATHERINE HARDAWAY, 1852, Breckinridge, Kentucky.

Notes for WILLIAM H. CAIN:
William H. Cain was a son of Thomas Cain who immigrated to Breckinridge County in 1838. William left home after his father died and made his fortune on his own though he probably did inherit some of T

Found 2: 1850, Breckinridge, 1860, 1870, 1880 and marriage records
Occupation: Farmer/ Merchant

Occupation: Housewife

viii. THOMAS JOHN CAIN, b. 1823, Bedford, Va; m. (1) ELIZA DOWELL, 1841, Breckinridge County, KY; m. (2) RODA B. STITH, June 02, 1862, Hardinsburg.

Found 2: 1850, 1860, in Breckinridge
Occupation: Clerk in Store, probably worked for brother W.H.

More About RODA B. STITH:
Occupation: Wife

ix. JAMES CAIN, b. 1825, Virginia.

More About JAMES CAIN:
Found 2: 1850, Meade County
Occupation: Farmer

Children of THOMAS CAIN and JEMIMA DOWELL are:
x. JOHN H.6 CAIN, b. May 02, 1841, Breckinridge County, Kentucky; d. April 15, 1902, Louisville, Kentucky; m. MARY ELIZABETH. FOOR, March 12, 1874, Meade County, Kentucky.

John Cain was in one of the most respected units in the Civil War. Terry's Rangers were an honored unit. They were formed of many of the original Texas Rangers. Of the 2000 in the unit at the beginning of the War, one source states that only 80 were alive at the conclusion of the War. John was surrendered in Alabama after the main calvalry surrendered at Durham Station. Evidently, he was not present at the surrender of the Army of Tennessee after Appomatax. Many of the Rangers decided they would join the Army of the Misssissippi instead of surrendering. They had sworn to serve until the South was safe from Northern "Invasion." John was evidently captured in Alabama on his way to join that army (which had also surrendered). He was paroled in Mississippi. If he went home to Kentucky from there is unknown, but he was in Breckinridge County to provide the bond for his sister's wedding to Hodges in 1869.

The Pension Application for a Civil War Pension to Mary Foor Cain stated that John had served four years with Terry's Rangers (the 8th Texas). Thomas P. Saunders stated that he had known Mary E. Cain for over forty years and that she had lived in Kentucky all her life. He was not present at her marriage. He stated that John Cain had enlisted in Texas but he did not know the company or regiment. He said also he was in the service for four years. His company was surrendered at Meridian Mississippi on May 13th 1865 which is odd because the Rangers had surrendered in NC. However many decided not to surrender and John must have been one of those. Thomas J. Stith also signed the Witness application affirming what Thomas Saunders had said.

The Confederae Pension Examiners Office affirmed the following; "John H. Cain enlisted September 25, 1861 in Co. A 8th Texas Cavalry and on his company roll as of Feb. 28, 1864 he was shown present and he was surrendered at Citronelle, Ala. May 4, "65 and paroled at Meridian Miss May 13, 1865. Proven by the record and parole filed with Application."

Family stories tell that John wanted to get rich and although the farm was doing well, he became a storekeeper and lost all his money and his farm. He died in 1902 and his wife filed for a pension in 1914 when she was no longer able to work. Aunt Bea used to say that her father started the store but was too busy with his farming, so he put the women folk (wife and daughters) in to run the store but they were not good at it as they gave credit to the needy and did not collect. Big Spring experienced a serious depression when the railroad missed it and the SPA for the waters at the Spring dried up. The town died around them and John lost the store and his farm and the family was proverty stricken from that point onward for many years. John died in Louisville and his wife claimed she owned no property in 1914 and lived with her children who supported her.

Fact 3: Seven children survived in 1914 of the fourteen children she gave birth to.
Fact 4: November 29, 1929, Mary Brennan was appointed administrator of the estate of Mary Cain.
Fact 6: 1931, Died of Cerebral Hemorage and Senility. She was almost 77 years old.
Fact 7: 1931, Buried October 21 , 1929 at Big Spring.
Found: November 27, 1914, Mary filed for pension as the widow of a confederate soldier.
Found 2: January 15, 1915, Pension approved and awarded to widow.
Occupation: Address was 1221 Ashland Avenue, Living with daughter May (Elsie Mae) Breman

xi. SUSAN C. CAIN, b. Abt. 1845; m. WILLIAM HODGES.
xii. LUCY CAIN, b. 1845, Breckinridge, Big Spring area, Kentucky; d. Kentucky; m. ROBERT SIPES.

More About LUCY CAIN:
Occupation: Keeping House

xiii. LAUREL P. CAIN, b. 1846, Breckinridge County, KY; m. EMMA CAIN.

More About LAUREL P. CAIN:
Occupation: Farmer

More About EMMA CAIN:
Found 2: 1880, Bewleyville, Breckinridge County

10. SUSAN MOURNING5 CAIN (WILLIAM4, JAMES3, JAMES2, JAMES OR GEORGE1) was born January 01, 1787, and died 1867. She married ROBERT HALL.


11. ALLISON CHAPEL5 CAIN (THOMAS4, ISHAM3, JAMES2, JAMES OR GEORGE1) was born September 16, 1800 in Sussex County, VA, and died in Moved to Limestone County, Alabama. He married (1) MARY GREEN MALONE. He married (2) MARTHA E. PARHAM.

Children of ALLISON CAIN and MARY MALONE are:
i. THOMAS JEFFERSON6 CAIN, b. February 22.
ii. MARTHA ELIZABETH CAIN, b. August 24, 1831.
iii. GEORGE WILLIAM CAIN, b. May 28, 1833.
iv. LOUISA (LOUEZA) CAIN, b. September 13, 1835.
v. JAMES HENRY CAIN, b. April 12, 1838.
vi. MARY EUGENIA CAIN, b. May 13, 1840.
vii. LUCRETIA TUCKER CAIN, b. March 19, 1842.

viii. JOHN PARHAM6 CAIN, b. November 18, 1849.
ix. MARTHA ELIZABETH CAIN, b. August 24, 1851.
x. THEOPHELUS C. CAIN, b. January 15, 1852.


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