Caleb Buswell, Jr., is my third great grandfather. If you have any connection to him, or any of his relatives, I would like to share information with you. I have a great deal of information on the Buswell and Boswell families. firstname.lastname@example.org
CALEB BUSWELL, JR., FATHER OF ABRAHAM SHOTWELL BUSWELL
Stephen Ralph Boswell, 30 April 2008
Caleb Buswell, Jr., Born l6 December l768, Concord, New Hampshire. Died, probably in New York City, New York, in 1826, before 4 October, when his daughter, Mary Ann “Shotwell” (Adopted daughter of Abraham Shotwell and Grace Boardman) married Drake B. Palmer. He was last listed in the 1826 New York City Directory.
Married, Probably, Mercy Boardman, probable sister of Grace Boardman Shotwell, in about 1797 or 1798, for the reasons given later in this paper.
Entries From The New York City Directories
l796, John Low Directory, Caleb Boswelt, Bricklayer, 78 Warren Street
Warren Street was one street above Murray Street. Caleb was 28 years old in l796. This is the first entry in the New York City Directories for Caleb Buswell. In l792 and l793, John Boardman was listed in the New York City Directories as a Mason, living on Greenwich Street, near Vesey Street. From l822 to l827, Caleb Buswell was a Mason, living at Vesey c. Greenwich. Caleb Buswell was very close to the Boardmans and the Shotwells all during his years in New York City, and he positively married into one of these families (see his son, John Coffin Buswell’s will, shown later).
l796, David Longworth Directory, Caleb Buswell, Mason, 78 Murray Street
This address was in the 3rd Ward in the l790 Census, though Caleb Buswell, Jr. is not listed in the l790 Census for New York City. He is most likely the Caleb Buzwill that was listed as a Head of Household in the 1790 Census from Plymouth Town, New Hampshire, living, unmarried, near his brother, Richard Buzwill, who was married. There do not seem to be any other Caleb Buswells in New England in 1790 that were around 22 years of age.
l797 Longworth Directory, Caleb Buswell, Mason, 85 Murray Street
In l797, Caleb Buswell, Jr. was 29 years old, and lived in the Boarding House run by the widow, Martha Boardman, at 85 Murray St. John Boardman, Martha’s husband, was in the l790 Hodge, Allen and Campbell Directory, at l27 Greenwich Street, as a Tavern Keeper. In the l792 and l793 Duncan Directories, John Boardman is listed as a Mason, no address except Greenwich Street. In the l794 Duncan
Directory he is listed as a Tavern Keeper at 85 Murray Street. It is noted that Abraham Shotwell is listed in the l793 Duncan Directory, as a Carman, on Greenwich Street. Abraham Shotwell married Grace Boardman, daughter of John and Martha Boardman, on 29 September l793, in the John Street Methodist Episcopal Church. Abraham Shotwell was 28 years old in l793, just three years older than Caleb Buswell, Jr. The fact that Caleb lived in the Boardman Boarding House in l797, and the fact that Grace Boardman was a “dearly beloved aunt" of John Coffin Buswell (Caleb's son), and other circumstantial evidence shown later, has led me to conclude that Caleb Buswell, Jr., probably married Grace Boardman's sister, and that her name was Mercy Boardman. Grace Boardman was John Coffin Buswell's "dearly beloved aunt," according to his will.
The most compelling reason why Mercy Boardman was probably the wife of Caleb Buswell, Jr., is because there is a death record, on 1 February l829 for a Mercy Buswell, on Beach Street, aged 50 (born about 1779, in Connecticut), who died of Consumption (Tuberculosis), and was buried in the Methodist Society Cemetery. Abraham Shotwell Buswell died of Consumption in 1832, and was buried in the Methodist Episcopal Cemetery. In the l829 New York City Directory there was a widow, Mary Boorman, living at 47 Beach Street. Was Mary Boorman really Mary Boardman? I don't know yet. I am still searching for evidence one way or the other. It is highly possible that Mercy Buswell was living at 47 Beach Street with the widow Mary Boardman when she died (though the death record says only that Mercy lived on Beach Street).
In addition, Caleb Buswell, Jr. is listed in the New York City Directories of l8ll to l8l4, as having lived on Beach Street, near Greenwich. He disappears from the New York City Directories in l826, so he probably died that year, and certainly before l829, when Mercy Buswell died. Interestingly, Grace Boardman Shotwell was born in Connecticut, according to the l850 Census. Mercy Buswell's death record says that she was also born in Connecticut. It is my opinion as of this moment (30 April 2008) that Mercy Buswell and Grace Boardman were sisters.
A distant relative of mine, and a dedicated family genealogist, Bernice Wentworth, thought that Marie Shotwell was the name of Caleb Buswell, Jr.’s wife, but she could not give any evidence–only that it was “logical.” She also thought that she had seen some reference to Caleb Buswell, Jr.'s death at the Seaman's Retreat in New York City; however, she had no notes to substantiate that. The Seaman’s Retreat publishes a magazine that is the oldest continuously published magazine in the United States. All of the copies of this magazine are in the Library of Congress. I have been to the Library of Congress, and have looked at all of the copies of these magazines from the late 1820's and early 1830's, and have been unable to find any reference to Caleb Buswell, or any other Buswell, in them.
An interesting court record naming Caleb Buswell was found in Special Publication No. 56, New York City Court Records, 1797-1801, compiled by Kenneth Scott, and published by the National Genealogical Society, Arlington, Virginia, 1988. It says that John Dorman was indicted for assault and battery, “with intent to kill,” Caleb Buswell; and that he was found guilty on the 1st Friday of October 1797 (6 October 1797). He was incarcerated in the City Jail for one year. A witness at the trial was, Mary Boardman. Other witnesses were Thomas Van Norden, and Mary Crosswhite. Caleb Buswell, Jr., lived in the Boardman Boardinghouse in 1797. Could he have married this Mary Boardman, or a sister named Mercy Boardman, sometime in the next few months? This is a definite possibility. There is a Thomas Van Norden in the 1800 Census of New York City, in the 6th Ward. No Mary Crosswhite was found in this census. Perhaps she was married before then, so had a different surname.
Caleb Buswell, Jr.'s first child, John Coffin Buswell, was born on, or about 2l January l799, in New York City, according to his death record. His second child, Abraham Shotwell Buswell, died on 1 January 1832, at the age of 30 years, and was born in Massachusetts, according to his death record. Boswell tradition prior to the 1950's was that Abraham Shotwell Buswell was born in New Hampshire. This may not be much of a problem; because when the immigrant Isaac Buswell came to Salisbury, Massachusetts, in 1638, the area was called the Plantation of Merrimack, which included several New Hampshire towns (see next two sentences). On 6 September 1638, Governor John Winthrop of Massachusetts, authorized 12 men to start a plantation north of the Merrimack River. The plantation of Merrimack encompassed the present day Massachusetts towns of Salisbury, Amesbury, and Merrimac, and the New Hampshire towns of Seabrook, South Hampton, Newton, Hampstead, Plaistow, and Kingston. Present day Salisbury is right on the border of New Hampshire.
Caleb Buswell Jr.’s father, Caleb, was born in Salisbury, Massachusetts, on 19 November 1737. Maybe Caleb, Jr., and his wife moved to Massachusetts, or New Hampshire, in l799 or l800, for a few years, because Caleb, Jr. is missing from the New York City Directories from 1797 to 1810 (see the next paragraph).
In the 1880 census of Burlington, Des Moines Co., Iowa, Harriet C. Hopping, wife of Thomas C. Scholes, and a grand-daughter of Caleb Buswell, Jr., is listed with
her family. The census taker said that her mother, Eliza (Buswell) Hopping, a daughter of Caleb Buswell, Jr., was born in New Hampshire.
William Boswell, another son of Caleb Buswell, may have been born in l805 in New York City, because there is a William Boswell listed in the l850 New York City Census, who was 45 years old at the time. He was a Painter, and was a native of New York City. He is probably the William Buswell/Boswell that belongs to this family; however, there is no evidence one way or the other.
Note: Caleb Buswell, Jr., was missing from the New York City Directories between 1797 and 1810. It may have been that Caleb and his wife moved to Massachusetts, or New Hampshire, after the birth of John Coffin Buswell in l799, in New York City. His son, Abraham Shotwell Buswell was born in Massachusetts, probably about 1801/1802 (according to his New York City death record in 1832, which said that he was 30 years old at the time of his death). Caleb Buswell, Jr.’s 3rd child, a daughter, Eliza Buswell Hopping, was born in 1803, in New Hampshire.
l8l0 Longworth Directory, Caleb Buswell, Mason, 249 William
It is noted that John Boardman, also a Mason, lived at 249 William St. in the l8l2 New York City Directory. This is undoubtedly the son of John and Martha Boardman, the Tavernkeepers, and the brother of Grace Boardman Shotwell, and of Mary and Mercy Buswell.
Caleb Buswell, Jr., was 42 years old in l8l0. This address was in the 4th Ward of the l8l0 New York City Census. In the l8l0 Census of NYC, there is a Caleb Russell, who lived very close to John Boardman. It is obvious that this Caleb “Russell” was really Caleb Buswell, Jr., for the reasons set forth below.
Entries From The New York City Directories, Continued
1810 Longworth Directory, Continued
On page 72 of the 1810 Census of the 4th Ward of New York City, the names on William Street are enumerated as follows, beginning with John Boardman:
1. John Boardman, who lived at 248 William Street in the 1810 Directory.
2. Catharine Rowley, not listed in the 1810 Longworth Directory
3. Charles Prine?, not listed in the 1810 Longworth Directory
4. Caleb Russell. There is no Caleb Russell in the 1810 Longworth Directory, but Caleb Buswell is listed at 249 William Street. The Census shows l Female over 45 (certainly not Caleb's mother, because she lived in Concord, New Hampshire in l8l0), but it could have been his wife's mother--perhaps the widow Mary, or Martha, Boardman? There was one female between 26 and 45 (obviously, Residents of Williams Street in the 1810 Census of New York City, his wife); There was one male between 26 and 45 (obviously, him); There were two males under l0 years old in l8l0 (probably John Coffin Buswell, aged l0 or ll; and Abraham Shotwell Buswell, aged 8 or 9). If this was Caleb Jr's family, William and George, both mentioned as next of kin in the l833 will of John Coffin Buswell, were not born yet(in 1810). There were also two females under age l0. One of them could not be Harriet Buswell, a sister known to the Boswell family, because she wasn’t born yet (in 1810). One of them is likely Eliza Buswell (spelled Bothwell in the Ancestral File of the LDS Church), who was born 4 August 1803; and who married Buckley Carl Hopping,1 December 1825; and who is listed as a next of kin in the will folder of John Coffin Buswell, who died in 1833. The other female is probably Mary Ann “Shotwell,” the adopted daughter of Abraham Shotwell, who married Drake B. Palmer, on 4 October 1826. Her father (Caleb Buswell, Jr.) probably died earlier that year; and her mother (probably Mercy Boardman Buswell) died in 1829. It is hard to understand why Mary Ann Buswell “Shotwell” was adopted by Abraham Shotwell and Grace Boardman in 1826, if her mother didn’t die until 1829; however, her mother may have been too ill to take care of Mary Ann, and farmed her out to her sister, Grace, and her husband, Abraham Shotwell. Mercy Buswell died of Tuberculosis, and may even have had to be isolated from her daughter for fear of infecting her. Several family members died of Tuberculosis in the early part of the 1800's, including Abraham Shotwell Buswell, in 1832.
5. Sarah Waters, not listed in the 1810 Longworth Directory
6. Sarah Thomas, not listed in the 1810 Longworth Directory, but listed in the 1811 Directory at 247 William Street.
7. James Pryor, not listed in the 1810 Longworth Directory
8. Samuel Jackson, listed at 245 William Street in the 1810 Directory
9. Martha Carling, not listed in the 1810 Longworth Directory
10. Phebe Ashley, not listed in the 1810 Longworth Directory, but Catherine Ashley was listed at 243 William Street, a Boardinghouse.
11. Joseph Gabriel, listed at 217 William (it probably should have been 237 William Street, because the names are listed in sequence, and 217 does not fit into the sequence)
12. John Baptist, not listed in the 1810 Longworth Directory
13. Charles Dusier?, not listed in the 1810 Longworth Directory
14. John G. Lebuk?, not listed in the 1810 Longworth Directory
15. Frederick Mishutt?, not listed in the 1810 Longworth Directory
16. Joseph Scott, listed at 227 William Street.
17. John Cooper, not listed in the 1810 Longworth Directory
18. Aaron Conner, listed at 225 William Street.
19. James Franklin, also listed at 225 William Street.
20. John Mowat?, not listed in the 1810 Longworth Directory.
21. Anthony Stephens, not listed in the 1810 Longworth Directory.
Entries From The New York City Directories, Continued
l8ll Longworth Directory, Caleb Buswell, Mason, Beach n. Greenwich
This address was in the 5th Ward in the New York City Census of l8l0.
l8l2 Longworth Directory, Caleb Buswell, Mason, Beach n. Greenwich
18l3 Longworth Directory, Caleb Buswell, Mason, Beach n. Greenwich
l8l4 Longworth Directory, Caleb Buswell, Mason, Beach n. Greenwich
Caleb Buswell, Jr. was 46 years old in l8l4.
Another six year absence from the New York City Directories
l820 William A. Mercein Directory, Caleb Busswell, Mason, Vestry, near Greenwich
(It was probably Vesey Street, rather than Vestry). This address was in the 5th Ward in the New York City Census of l820. I have not found any reference in the l820 Census for Caleb Buswell, Jr. Caleb Buswell, Jr., was 52 years old in l820.
l82l Longworth Directory, Caleb Buswell, Mason, Vestry n. Greenwich
1822 Longworth Directory, Caleb Buswell, Mason, Vesey c. Greenwich
l823-24 Longworth Directory, Caleb Buswell, Mason, Vesey c. Greenwich
John Coffin Buswell, Caleb’s son, lived at 358 Washington Street, with Abraham Shotwell (and Grace Boardman Shotwell). This is the only entry in the New York City Directories for John Coffin Buswell.
Caleb Buswell, Jr., was 55 years old in l823.
Vesey Street was l2 streets south of Beach Street in l829. As noted earlier, It is probable that Mercy Buswell was Caleb's wife. She lived on Beach Street in l829 when she died--with, or near, the widow, Mary Boorman, at 47 Beach Street. It is noted that Caleb Buswell, Jr., lived on Beach Street, near Greenwich between l8ll and l8l4--after which he disappeared from the NYC Directories for six years.
John Coffin Buswell, Caleb's oldest son, was living at the home of Abraham Shotwell, at 358 Washington Street, in l823-24; and was listed in the NYC Longworth Directory that year (the only year he was listed). No one in the
family has figured out why John Coffin Buswell was living with the the Shotwells in 1823/1824, because both his father and mother appeared to be alive, and living
in New York City at that time. New York City was relatively small in 1823/1824, so they were fairly close, geographically. John Coffin Buswell was 24 or 25 years old at the time. John died at Abraham Shotwell's home in l833, when he was 33 or 34 years old. This is more understandable, because his parents were both dead by that time.
In his will, John Coffin Buswell left everything to his "dearly beloved aunt Grace [Boardman] Shotwell." Grace would have been his aunt whether John's mother had been a Boardman or a Shotwell, so the will does not solve any of the problems about his mother’s surname.
The death record for John Coffin Buswell in the New York Evening Post calls Drake B. Palmer, John's brother-in-law. Drake B. Palmer was married, on 4 October 1826, to Mary Ann “Shotwell,” an adopted daughter of Abraham Shotwell and Grace Boardman Shotwell. As noted above, John Coffin Buswell lived with the Shotwell family in 1823/1824. I do not believe that John Coffin Buswell was ever adopted by Abraham Shotwell and Grace Boardman Shotwell, because he is named Buswell in his death records. When John died in 1833, the Shotwells became the legal guardians of John’s little sister, Harriet Buswell, as noted in the legal papers filed with John’s will. The papers were signed on l5 March l833. Harriet was not yet of age (she was under 2l in l833–she was born in 1817). Other next of kin mentioned in the will of John Coffin Buswell were: Mary Ann Palmer (wife of Drake B. Palmer), William Buswell (over 2l at the time–probably born in 1805), Eliza Hopping (over 2l at the time, born 4 August 1803, and married to Buckley Carl Hopping on 1 December 1825), and George Buswell (over 2l at the time–probably born in 1807).
The Boswell family in Utah knew about William Buswell, but had never heard of Eliza Hopping or George Buswell. Interestingly, the l827-28 Longworth Directory listed a George Bussell, Carpenter, at 25 Watts Street. This is the same address listed for David Crowell, Mason, in the l829-30 Directory. This George Bussell was probably the George Buswell that was the son of Caleb Buswell, Jr., and that David Crowell was a relative of Sarah Crowell Buswell/Boswell. Benjamin Crowell (Sarah Crowell Boswell's father) had a brother by that name. There were several Buswells, Boardmans, and Crowells that were listed as Masons in the New York City Directories in the l820's and l830's. They were obviously involved with each other because they have the same addresses in many cases.
In the book, Giles Badger and His Descendants, John Cogswell Badger, Manchester, New Hampshire, John B. Clarke Company, l909, most of the brothers of Caleb Buswell, Jr., are mentioned. Caleb Jr.'s father was Caleb Buswell, who was born in Salisbury, Massachusetts, in l737. Caleb (Senior) died in Concord, New Hampshire, on 3l August l803, at age 66. The senior Caleb Buswell's wife was Mary Badger. She died in l820 in Concord, New Hampshire, at the age of 79. Children of Caleb Buswell and Mary Badger, mentioned in the Badger book, are as follows:
Ezra Buswell, Born March 8, l767.
Caleb Buswell, Jr., Born l6 December l768.
Jonathan Buswell, Born February 28, l773.
Moses Colby Buswell, Born April l6, l775, Concord, New Hampshire; Married Chloe Johnson of Enfield, New Hampshire, in September l800. Moses was buried l4 May l82l. He had a son named Henry Clinton Buswell, born 26 April l80l, Enfield, N. H. Henry married Elizabeth Osgood on 30 March l830.
Paul Buswell, Born June 23, l779.
James Buswell, Born August 7, l782.
Joseph Buswell, Born March 24, l786.
The book, Giles Badger and his descendants, leaves out six of the children of Caleb Buswell and Mary Badger of Concord, New Hampshire, as follows:
John and Richard Buswell, twins, Born 28 March l76l, in Kingston, N .H.
Walker Buswell, Born 4 May l763, in Kingston, New Hampshire.
Hannah Buswell, Born 4 February l765, in Hawke, New Hampshire.
Moses Buswell, Born l0 December l770, Concord, New Hampshire. He died l7 March l773. Another son named Moses was born in l775.
Paul Buswell, Born l9 May l777, in Concord, New Hampshire. He died l7 October l778. Another son named Paul was born in l779.
Mary Badger, their mother, was born 28 October l74l, in Amesbury, Massachusetts. She died 19 February 1820, in Concord, New Hampshire. She was the daughter of Ezra and Frances Badger.
l824-25 Longworth Directory, Caleb Buswell, Mason, Vesey c. Greenwich
Note: In the 1823/1824 directory, Caleb Buswell’s son, John Coffin Buswell, was living with Abraham Shotwell and Grace Boardman Shotwell, at 358 Washington Street.
l825-26 Longworth Directory, Caleb Buswell, Mason, Vesey c. Greenwich
l826-27 Longworth Directory, Caleb Buswell, Mason, Vesey c. Greenwich
Caleb Buswell, Jr., was 58 years old in l826. This is the last entry for Caleb Buswell, Jr., in the New York City Directories. It is my opinion (Stephen Ralph Boswell) that Caleb died in 1826, before 4 October, when his daughter, Mary Ann “Shotwell” (adopted daughter of Abraham Shotwell and Grace Boardman), married Drake B. Palmer.
For all of the reasons noted above, I someday hope to find a Boardman family that moved from Connecticut to New York City, that was headed by John and Martha Boardman, with children by the names of Grace, Mary, Mercy, and John. The father and son named John would both be Masons by trade; and the parents would be tavern keepers.
There is a Caleb Buzwill mentioned as a head of a household in the l790 Census of Plymouth Town, New Hampshire, but no wife or children are mentioned. This was probably Caleb Buswell, Jr., who would have been 22 years old in l790; and who was probably single at the time, because his first child, John Coffin Buswell, was born in New York City, New York, about 2l January l799.
It is noted that in the 1827/1828 Census of New York City, Buckley C. [Carl] Hopping is listed, at 72 Sullivan Street. He had married Eliza Buswell in 1825, a daughter of Caleb Buswell, Jr. I was unable to find Buckley C. Hopping in the New York City Census of 1830. The family of Buckley Carl Hopping is listed in the 1840 census of Des Moines, Iowa, as follows:
2 Males under 5 years of age. This would have been Jacob Osborne Hopping, aged 2, and Abraham Shotwell Hopping, aged 5.
1 Male between 20-30. Don’t know who this is.
1 Male between 30-40. This would have been Buckley Carl Hopping.
1 Female between 5-10. This would have been Harriet Cora Hopping.
1 Female between 10-15. This would have been Ann Eliza Hopping.
1 Female between 30-40. This would have been Eliza Buswell Hopping.
Harriet Cora Hopping married Thomas Coggin Scholes, and their family is listed in the 1880 Census of Burlington, Des Moines, Iowa. That census says that her mother (Eliza Buswell Hopping) was born in New Hampshire.
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