The Matthew Brewer I am tracking lived in Abbeville Co SC and Elbert Co GA around 1800. There is some evidence that he moved back an forth between these two locations, which were not that far apart. He doesn't show in the 1800 census but he was probably in Georgia, for which the 1800 census has not survived. In Feb 1800 Matthew Brewer witnessed a deed recording sale of land from Aaron Jones and wife Sarah of Abbeville Co SC to Thomas B. Creagh, also of Abbeville Co SC. The land was in Elbert Co GA (Elbert Co GA Deed Book F, page 101, dated Feb 1800).
In January and February of 1802, Matthew Brewer was mentioned in the records of Van's Creek Baptist Church, in Elbert Co GA:
"Jan. 23rd, 1802. Met at Bro. Nathan Childs'; opened a door for the reception of members and received by experience Elizabeth Nix, Matthew Brewer, and John Childs, a son of Nathan Childs. Dismissed.
Feb. 27th, 1802. Met at Bro. Nathan Childs' and proceeded to business as follows: 1st. Agreeable to a petition presented at Van's Creek Church for a Constitution at this place, which was granted, those appointed attended, formed a Presbytery and after examination having found them ripe for Constitution, the business acceded to, and constituted Frederick Crouder, Sr., and wife, Frederick Crouder, Jr., Milly Hales, Winey Hales, Wm. Arnold, Jr., Thomas Head and wife, Fanny Head, Elizabeth Head, John Head and wife Elizabeth Head, Caty Head, Jane Head, Nancy Head, Unity Head, Elizabeth Sharp, John Dingler and wife, Sally Woldridge, Zachariah Smith and wife, Prudence Richardson, Susan Hubbard, Cassy Childs, Hailey Jones, James Childers and wife, Sally Jones, John Childs and wife, Benjamin Childs, Peggy Childs, Nancy Childs, Nathan Childs and wife, Matthew Brewer, John Childs, son of Nathan Childs, Hanah Walker, Elizabeth Swilevant, Sally Colbert and Elizabeth Nix, and sat them to work as a church. Dismissed."
Matthew Brewer appears on the list of qualified participants for the 1805 Georgia Land Lottery with two draws, showing that he was married with at least one legitimate child by 1804.
In the 1810 census, Matthew Brewer was back in Abbeville Co SC. He then went to the Mississippi Territory, along with many of his neighbors in Abbeville and Elbert Counties. We know that he stayed in South Carolina past 1812 because he served in Youngblood's Regiment of the South Carolina Militia in the War of 1812.
He signed a petition to Congress by "Purchasers of Public Lands East of Pearl River" in 1815 [Territorial Papers of the United States, Vol. VI, 1809-1817, (Washington: Government Printing Office: 1938), page 622]. In 1816 he was listed as an inhabitant of the Mississippi Territory [Gillis, Early Inhabitants of the Natchez District, Inhabitants of Mississippi Territory Other Than Natchez, page 117]; in the same year, he purchased 160 acres of public land in Clarke County, Mississippi Territory. The purchase was registered at the St. Stephens Land Office [National Archives, Washington: St. Stephens, Alabama, Credit Prior 773: February 14, 1816].
In 1817, Matthew Brewer sold his Clarke County land to William Robinson and apparently relocated north to Marengo Co AL. He is listed there in the 1830 census. Matthew Brewer died in Marengo county on 28 August 1832. His nuncupative will was witnessed by his next-door neighbor Bazzel Gray and Sherrod Hammond, who is not listed in the 1830 census. The will mentions only his wife Polly (Mary) and his son George (who was apparently a minor at that time). Other legatees are not specified by name, but the estate settlement mentions Ransom Brewer, Mary Brewer, and Malinda Brewer, who received a feather bed and a saddle. The will was witnessed by Bazzel Gray and Sharrod Hammond. The administrators of his estate, recorded 15 September 1832, were Bazzel Gray and John Gilmore, Jr.
Many of the people who were mentioned in Matthew Brewer's will and estate settlement were his neighbors both in Alabama and in the Abbeville Co SC - Elbert Co GA area. Thomas Creagh and Aaron Jones, the parties to the deed witnessed by Matthew Brewer in 1800, both owned land in Clarke Co AL, near the land that Matthew purchased in 1816. Bazzel Gray was Matthew's next-door neighbor in Marengo County in 1830 and was also listed in the 1805 Georgia Land Lottery list.
Matthew Brewer's wife is not known. There is a record of a marriage in Elbert Co GA of Elizabeth Hammond to Matthew Brewer, but neither the date nor any other particulars are known to me. However, Matthew's wife in the Mississippi Territory and Alabama was Polly (probably Mary). He apparently was not married in 1802 when he was received by Van's Creek Baptist Church, but he appears to have married and had a child by 1804 because he got two draws in the 1805 Georgia Land Lottery.
His first wife may have been Elizabeth Hammond, and this might explain why Sherwood Hammond was witness to Matthew's will in 1832. There was a large Hammond family (and a large Brewer family) in Elbert County.
Matthew Brewer's known children were:
George Brewer (minor at the time of Matthew's death)
Ransom Brewer; m first Adaline Woodward, m second Eliza Roney
Sebern Brewer; m Cindy Browning
Malinda Brewer; m first William Clark; m second Thomas Goodbread
Matilda Brewer; m Furnley Manley
Eliza Ann Caroline Brewer; m Philemon Hodges
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