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Re: Joseph Black who established Black's Fort in Va.
Posted by: Fred Weyler (ID *****8246) Date: February 27, 2006 at 06:40:31
In Reply to: Re: Joseph Black who established Black's Fort in Va. by Fred Weyler of 9629

I have no info re/Campbell Co Ky. No info re/Blacks in Blount County TN after 1800. Several neighbors moved to Lincoln Co Ky in 1797, Sam Newell and Andrew Evans among them. NC messed up titles to land south of the French Broad River and Tennessee was trying to sell the settlers the land they had worked for 14 years. Capt Dysart moved from Abingdon Va area to Mt Vernon Ky. My notes from various sources are pasted below. Abingdon VA Hist Soc probably has more.

Black, Joseph (1747-C.1825)
Tennessee House, 1st General Assembly, 1796-97; representing Blount County. Born on a farm straddling Cedar creek on the Frederick County-Shenandoah County, Virginia, line February 22, 1747; to John Black and Elizabeth Colville Black. His father died about 1750 and his mother remarried widower Samuel Newell. An estate settlement in Frederick County deed book 8 lists Andrew Blackburn and Samuel Blackburn as brothers, so John had shortened his name. Possibly attended Augusta Academy at Raphine, Virginia. Joseph’s mother and step-father claimed two other neighborhood farms and deeded the John Black farm to Joseph when he came of age. Married in Frederick County, Virginia, before 1769, to Jane; family name of wife arid exact date of marriage not indicated; one son—Joseph Black, Jr (Jane was likely of a Presbyterian family from the Cedar Creek-Opequon, Winchester, or New Providence, Raphine congregations. These included Acklin, Blackburn, Colville, Cowan, Evans, Hite, Hogue, Houston, McClung, Mongomery, Newell, Vance, Wilson, and Zane families. Joseph’s older sister Christian married Christopher Acklin and oldest sister Janet married John Vance).
In 1771 or 1772 Joseph Black moved to Beaver Creek at Wolf Hills where he was one of the founding members of Sinking Springs Presbyterian Church. In 1774 he built Black's Fort capable of sheltering up to 600 settlers. Black’s Fort became the county seat of the newly formed Washington County Virginia in 1776. In 1778 Black’s Fort was renamed to Abingdon after Martha Custis Washington’s English manor. In September of 1780, Col William Campbell’s regiment mustered at Black’s Fort then joined Tennessee regiments at Watauga Shoals in the first Volunteer military expedition. Joseph Black was a Lietenant in Captain Dysart’s company of the Campbell regiment. They tracked the British to King’s Mountain where, for the first time, the patriots soundly defeated the British on Saturday October 7, 1780. George Washington was surprised that such an armed force could be raised from over the mountain and pleasantly surprised that the British could be so soundly beaten.
Upon their return to Abingdon, the soldiers learned that the Cherokee had used the absence of the men to plunder numerous homesteads. General Martin’s wife, a sister of one of the Cherokee chiefs, asserted that this time, it was not just a few renegades, but some of the chiefs involved in the raids. Many of the soldiers rallied again to bring revenge upon the Cherokees. The settlers defeated the Cherokees at the battle of Boyd’s Creek. On Christmas Day 1780, the soldiers rode through the cities of the Overhill Cherokee on the Little Tennessee River burning homes and destroying crops. During the return to Black’s Fort, the soldiers scouted the land south of the French Broad where several would later settle. Back in Abingdon, Joseph Black would serve as Washington County judge.
About 1784 Joseph Black moved to the Tennessee country and established Black's Station, also called Black's Blockhouse, at head of Crooked Creek, in portion of Knox County to fall later within Blount County. Other battle of King’s Mountain and battle of Boyd’s Creek veterans settled in the area. John and David Craig built forts. Andrew Evans, also of Captain Dysart’s company became a Sevier County judge. Half brother Samuel Newell was Secretary of State for the aborted state of Franklin. John Cusick started a farm near Seymour, married Joseph Black’s sister Martha, and was a founder of Maryville. Commissioned as captain in the Knox County Militia by Territorial Governor William Blount, June 16, 1792; named to commission to select county seat for Blount County, 1795; justice of the peace; one of Blount County's delegates to Tennessee Constitutional Convention of 1796; serving on committee to draft constitution. Died in Blount County at undetermined date before March 25, 1825; place of burial not found. One child, Joseph Black Jr. Half-brother to Samuel Newell, who also was a member of Tennessee General Assembly.
Father John Blackburn shortened his name to John Black.
Mother Elizabeth Colville Black, descendant of Scottish Lord of Cleish, was widowed in 1748 and remarried widower Samuel Newell in 1754.

Janet Black 11Feb174x m John Vance
Christian Black 04Nov1745 m Christopher Acklin
Joseph Black 22Feb 1747 (built Black’s Fort, the first county seat of Washington Co VA.)
Martha Black 31Jan1748 (m. John Cusick (1744-1816) King’sMtnB and Newell’s Station, Fort Craig area pioneer. Buried- Eusebia Cemetery Blount Co).
Elizabeth Black 12Dec1748 after her father was deceased
       m William Blackburn who died at King’s Mtn Battle
Sam Newell 04Nov1754 m Jane Montgomery, cousin of Sam Houston, at New Providence Preb Ch, Raphine Va. Her brother in law Samuel Doak.
Sarah Newell Jan1756

John Black Cusick and Sam Houston were the first two arrested in Maryville TN for disturbing the first meeting of the Blount Co court.
Samuel N. Cusick was a prominent Maryville business man and JP.
Sam Houston’s mother buried at Baker’s Creek where pastor was G Blackburn.
Andrew and Samuel Blackburn were brothers of John Black(burn) near Opequon or Marlboro Va.
Joseph Black probably educated at academy of New Providence, Raphine, precursor to Washington and Lee University.
Moved to Beaver Creek at Wolf Hills Fincastle Co VA 1772. Founding elder of Sinking Springs Pres Ch.
Built Black‘s Fort, 1st Co seat of Washington Co, later renamed Abingdon.
Magistrate and presiding judge of Washington Co court.
Sister buried at Eusebia..


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