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Re: Pierre Barbary & Francoise Pare
Posted by: Vaughan Grandmaison Date: March 19, 2001 at 10:33:16
In Reply to: Pierre Barbary & Francoise Pare by Marie of 74

Hi Marie, I saw your posting and have been in contact with Tom Wightman for several years. The following is a history of Pierre and Marie Labrun sent me by Helene LaMarche, a researcher of first settlers of Lachine, on the Isle of Montreal. She lives at Lachine now. Hope this helps some. I descent from Pierre and Francoise Pare by their son Michel Barbary and Martine Francoise Marguerite Trepanier. If I can be of any assistance please contact me here or by e-mail at vonbess@juno.com
Good luck on your research. Vaughan

Pierre Barbary came from LaPécaudiere in Thiviers (not Tuyers), in the diocese of Perigueux, (province of Perigord, France); son of Pierre & Marguerite (nee Beloy).
Pierre was a soldier in the Carignan Regiment. company of Contrecoeur; he arrived in New France on August 17 1665 , on one of two ships, either "Le Chat" or "Le Jardin de Hollande".
Married Feb. 24 1668 in Montreal to Marie Lebrun (Parents Jacques & Marie Michel) of St. Jacques in Dieppe, Normandy, France; she was a "Fille du Roi", or so-called King's Daughter and arrived in New France in 1667.

Children : one problem was that two daughters were both indifferently Called Marie, Marie-Madeleine or Madeleine (something not uncommon in the XVIIth century).

1. Marie Madeleine, born 1669 or 1670; first married Jan. 7 1684 to Jean Tillard (or Tillaud) who died Jan. 25, 1688; buried in Lachine on the 27; they had a baby daughter Marie-Madeleine baptised March 1 1687; buried Nov. 25 1687 in Lachine; remarried June 21-1688 to Andre Danis at which marriage she is said to be "widow of Jean Tillard.
Ø She is among those who received the sacrament of Confirmation by Mgr de Laval in Lachine; she is listed as "Marie", age 12.                             
Ø She is listed on the 1681 census in Lachine as "Madeleine", age 12.
Ø She is listed as "Marie Madeleine Barbary" wife of Jean Tillaud as godmother to her sister Anne Barbary born Aug. 20, 1684.
Ø She is listed under the name "Marie" at the marriage of her
sister Marie-Madeleine to Pierre Jamme Feb. 21 1689. There is no mention of her being alive after Aug. 5 1689

2. Pierre, born May 25-1672; died and buried the next day, May 26.

3. Marie-Madeleine, baptised Sept. 1, 1673 in Montreal
Ø Listed on the 1681 census in Lachine as "Marie" age 8.
Ø Confirmed by Mgr de St. Vallier in Lachine, 1688, under the name
"Marie-Madeleine", no age given.

4. Marquerite, born April 11 1675; prob. died before the 1681 census.

5. Pierre, born April 25 1677 married to Francoise Pare (Jean and
Marguerite Picard)

6. Philippe, born Dec. 6 1679 in Lachine; prob. died before the 1681
census.

7. Marie Francoise, born March 17 1682; captured by the Iroquois in 1689

8. Anne, born August 20 1684; died by accident April 28; buried May 1 1689

9. Jean, born November 12 1686; died by accident April 28; buried May 1
1689

10. born May 31-1689; captured by the Iroquois August 5 1689

Anne and Jean died in a household fire. The parish priest Pierre Remy wrote in the register: "… lesquels furent trouves a moitie brules le 28 avril proche le four de Pierre Barbary leur père, auquel le feu prit par hasard …
(… both having been found half-burned on April 28 near the oven of their father, that had accidentally caught fire…)

Marie Lebrun (fille du roi), her husband Pierre Barbary dit Grandmaison and their children were captured by the Iroquois in Lachine August 5, 1689. Both parents, as well as Marie-Madeleine, widow of Jean Tillard and remarried to Andre Dany (or Danis) June 21 1688, probably died in captivity. Andre Dany was killed on the spot and his body found on the lot of their neighbor Noel Charmois dit Duplessis who was killed as well, that same day. Charmois, 50 or so, was a bachelor and a near neighbor of the
Barbary; it is quite possible that Andre Dany (a soldier) had been billeted at Charmois's place and lived there with his wife. Marie, or Marie-Madeleine, born c. 1673 and her brother Pierre (later married to Francoise Pare in 1703) were held captive for more than ten years. Marie-Madeleine and Pierre Jamme were married in 1689 but their first child Marie-Louise Jamme dit Carriere was born in Lachine Sept. 28, 1701.
Marie-Madeleine and her brother Pierre were probably freed in the months preceding the peace treaty signed in Montreal in 1701.

The two younger sisters, Marguerite (born 31 May 1689) and Marie Francoise (born 1682) were held captive; they were among those who, either by force or by choice, never came back. Captives were divided up among different Iroquois families and children, as likely as not could be separated from their parents or siblings.

From 1663 until 1854, the whole island of Montreal belonged by seigneurial right to the Seminaire (Seminary) of St. Sulpice, or the Sulpician priests, usually known as "Les messieurs"; they were responsible, among other things, to allocate farming land. On Jan, 23 1698, as recorded by the notary Pottier, there being no one of the Barbary family in Lachine, the Seminary renewed the ownership of the Barbary land to Pierre Jamme " as
being entitled to such by his marriage to Marie-Madeleine Barbary, daughter of deceased Pierre Barbary, captured and burned by the Iroquois, our enemies, for all the other children should they ever come back from the Iroquois country …" (my translation). During the peace negotiations which lasted from 1698 to 1701 there was a lot of traveling back and forth from Montreal to the Iroquois country (one Christian Iroquois chief was even married to a Lachine woman of French origin) and very likely rumors
concerning the fate of the victims were circulating and it was known in Montreal that there were some survivors among the Barbary family. On Jan. 26 1701 Pierre Jamme is officially appointed as the custodian of the family estate and the legal guardian of the Barbary children still captives in the event that some should return. This is done at the request of Pierre Barbary who has come back but being still under age (majority was 25) is not legally entitled yet to manage the family property. Later, on Feb. 1, 1701, the two lots (or farms), one in Lachine, one in Pointe-Claire, that were owned by the Barbary family were priced and their value divided up into four parts, one for each of the Barbary children, with the understanding that (again, my translation) "should they come back, Marie-Francoise and Marguerite would each receive 249 livres (pounds) and
10 sols, plus interest". Meanwhile, Jamme would have the Pointe-Claire farm and Pierre, the one in Lachine. It seems there was some disagreement between the two brothers-in-law concerning the respective values of the two farms; the question was taken to court and a settlement reached June 14, 1707; at this time, as it is unlikely that the two younger sisters will ever come back, the whole Barbary estate is reevaluated, divided up into two parts (instead of four) , adjustments are made, it seems to the satisfaction of the concerning parties. (Jugements et ordonnances des Intendants).

The Pointe-Claire farm in question might have belonged to the first Marie-Madeleine and Jean Tillard; the fact that it was included into the family community would be an indirect indication that she was dead and with no legal heir - so that her estate would return to her surviving siblings (according to the Coutume (or Common Law) of Paris, property was held in common).

Sources
René Jette, Dictionnaire généalogique des familes québécoises, 1983, p. 44 with added notes from :
"Répertoire des actes de baptème, mariage, sépulture et des recensements du
Québec ancien",
Programme de recherche en démographie historique de l'université de Montréal, sous la
direction de H. Charbonneau et J. Légaré, vol. 6.

Lachine is located some 10 miles west of Montreal, on the shores of Lake St. Louis (really an enlargment of the St. Lawrence. It was first settled in the late 1660's. At the time it was raided by the Iroquois, the population was 325/340; between 80 to 90 people were either killed on the spot or captured; only a few came back, like your ancestor and his sister.

I do not know how familiar you are with the early history of New France; if you have any questions, do, let me know. I would like to know as well what you have concerning that family. Need I mention that I am concerned with the history of all the pioneer families in Lachine ?
(please disregard my spelling or grammatical errors)
Au revoir
Helene Lamarche


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