Roald Amundsen was born in Borge, Norway in 1872. He was educated at the University of Christiania and entered the Norwegian navy in 1894. He spent the next nine years studying science. From 1903 to 1906 he led his first important expedition. During this voyage he successfully sailed through the Northwest Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean and determined the position of the north magnetic pole.
His next expedition that lasted from 1910 to 1912 brought him worldwide fame.
With his companions, he lived in Antarctica for more than a year, conducting explorations and scientific investigations. Then on December 14, 1911, he reached the South Pole, becoming the first person known to have accomplished this feat.
It was during his earlier exploration to the North Pole that Amundsen took a homing pigeon with him. When he had finally reached the top of the world, he opened the bird's cage and set it free. Imagine the delight of Amundsen's wife, back in Norway, when she looked up from the doorway of her home and saw the pigeon circling in the sky above. No doubt she exclaimed, "He's alive! My husband is still alive!"
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