James Allison (AEF) and William (AEH) Allison Documentation
The following are the results of my recent trip to Augusta County, Virginia. The findings and conclusions are for brothers James and William Allison. Background information concerning the parents of James and William Allison is necessary to begin the discussion. The alpha code after the name is a unique code for that person, the first letter of the code is John Allison the Elder who will is date 1727 in Lancaster County, Pa. The second letter E is for the fifth child of John Allison the Elder. The system continues with first letter for the first generation, the second letter for the second generation, and so on.
John Allison, Esq. (AE) of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
John Allison (AE) was born January 18, 1704 in Ireland, assumed in Londonderry, Northern Ireland. The first record of John Esq. is in the tax list of 1722 in Donegal Township. John (AE) arrived in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania pre 1722, near the age of 18. In his fatherís will of 1728, John (AE) and his brother Robert (AF) receive most of the assets of their father.
A probable scenario is, the first group of this Allison Family to arrive in North America landed at Philadelphia or New Castle on the Delaware River and remained for several years looking for a place to settle that included additional family member remaining in Ireland. I find roots of this family in the Cecil and Kent County, Maryland and vicinity.
Johnís will dated May of 1767; establishes that John died at the age of 63 years. John will does not mention his parents, only his wife Ann and children; Patrick (AEA), Jean (AEB), Rosanna (AEC), Margaret (AED), John (AEE), James (AEF), Ann AEG), William(AEH), and Robert (AEI).
John (AEF) practiced law in Lancaster County, and was a magistrate for many years. In 1742 John (AEF) was elected to the Lancaster County Commissioners. On Jan.13, 1761 John Allison (AEF) was appointed a Justice of the Courts of Lancaster County, he served in this position until his death. He was referred to in various wills and deeds as one of His Majesties Justices of the Peace for Lancaster County.
The following excerpt is taken from Engleís Notes and Queries, the same was printed in 1925 Fredrick Virkus concerning John Allison, Esq.:
4-John(d: Donegal, Pennsylvania, May of 1767), m: Ann _____(she married 2nd , John Stewart), had children: Patrick; Jean, m: George Clark; Rose, m: James Crawford; Margaret; John; James (born 1750); Ann (born 1753); William (born 1755); Robert Allison (born 1757);
The above description of the John Allison, Esq. family is not completely accurate, they state that John marries Ann and has the following children. Patrick; Jean, m: George Clark; Rose, m: James Crawford; Margaret; John; James (born 1750); Ann (born 1753); William (born 1755); Robert (born 1757). I am of the belief that John married his first wife about 1735, based on his oldest child, Patrick (AEA), being born 1737 or 1738. John Allison widowed sometime after 1745, his first wifeís name is unknown. They further state that after the death of John Allison (AE), Ann marries John Stewart. This is not correct, Ann Anderson, daughter of the Rev. James Anderson, had married John Stewart in about 1735. After John Stewart died in circa 1748, she married the widowed John Allison and had the last four children of John Allison. After the second marriage of John Allison to Ann Anderson, in 1750, John Allison settled along the west side of Coney creek, near Nissley's mill, in western Donegal Township. The household included the first five children of John Allison and his first wife, three children of John Stewart and Ann, then as time pasted four additional children were added to the John Allison and Ann Anderson family. Information concerning the Stewartís, Anderson, and Allisonís can be found in a publication title ďColonel George Steuart and his wife Margaret Harris their Ancestors and DescendantĒ of 1907, by Robert Stewart. The author of the above seems to thinks John Allison first wife was a Campbell. Johnís will dated May of 1767 establishes that John died at the age of 63 years.
1st Wife: unknown, died circa 1746.
III-18. Patrick Allison: AEA (John, AE; John, A)
Born, circa 1737 or 1738 in Lancaster County, married possibly Catherine Hamilton first, then he married Bathemia ? , he died circa 1814 at Flemingsburg, Ky.
III-19. Jean Allison: AEB (John, AE; John, A)
Born, circa 1740 in Lancaster County, married George Clark.
III-20. Rosanna Allison: AEC (John, AE; John, A)
Born, circa 1742 in Lancaster County, married James Crawford circa 1773.
III-21. Margaret Allison: AED (John, AE; John, A)
Born, circa 1744 in Lancaster County, married Hugh White, she died circa 1812.
III-22. John Allison: AEE (John, AE; John, A)
Born, Feb. 1, 1745 in Lancaster County, married Rebecca McCrea on April 24, 1788 in Alexandria, Virginia, died Feb. 16, 1803.
2nd Wife: Ann Anderson, born July 24, 1716, first married John Stewart in 1735, married second John Allison circa 1750.
III-23. James Allison: AEF (John, AE; John, A)
Born, circa 1750 in Lancaster County.
III-24. Anna Allison: AEG (John, AE; John, A)
Born, 1753 in Lancaster County, First married Thomas Anderson, second married Samuel Cook, third marriage to Joseph Vance.
III-25. William Allison: AEH (John, AE; John, A)
Born 1755 in Lancaster County.
III-26. Robert Allison: AEI (John, AE; John, A)
Born, circa 1757 in Lancaster County.
When John Allison, Esq. died in 1767, the children of his first wife were all over the age of 21 and all the children by Ann Anderson were considered minor and were appointed guardians. James Allison being the oldest of John and Annís children was about sixteen when his father died. The youngest son Robert would have been 10 years old at the time of his father death. The family by the first wife scatters across Pennsylvania and Virginia. The family of parents John and Ann seamed to have stayed in August County until the death of their mother, Ann. The date of Ann Anderson Allisonís death is unknown but believed to be in the late 1770ís. The family estate ends up in the hands of their daughter Anna Allison born in 1753. Anna marries three times, the last time to a Joseph Vance (Vaner). Anna signs a pre-nuptial agreement with Joseph Vance. The agreement states that if she dies first, Joseph has to pay her siblings £1600 and return her personal belongings to them if he wants to retain the farm she owns. The instrument of transfer of these land dated June 11, 1819; is in the Lancaster County, Pennsylvania deed books. The document further states that her surviving brothers are James and William Allison and are from Augusta County, Virginia.
In the publication concerning the Allisonís of Lancaster County, Pa. titled ďColonel George Steuart and his wife Margaret Harris their Ancestors and DescendantĒ of 1907, by Robert Stewart has a description of James Allison (AEF) as follows:
James, named probably after his grandfather Rev. James Anderson. A half nephew, William Washington Harris, of Fulton County, Pa., called one of his sons for this James Allison. He may have lived near W. W. Harris.
Findings in Augusta County, Virginia
The Will of James Allison of Augusta County, Virginia dated Mar. 24, 1826 confirms that James and William Allison of Augusta County are the sons of John and Ann Allison of Lancaster Pa.
The Jamesí will confirms he has a brother named William Allison, that he and William receive money from Pennsylvania, he leaves money in his will to his friend and half nephew W. Harris. Within the will he mentions his nephew Thomas Stuart, further stating his relationship with Stuart family. He mentions in his will, wife Mary, I assume his wife Mary is the former Mary Givens of Augusta County, but this needs additional work. Apparently James and Mary had no children of they own, James leaves the bulk of his estate to his wife, brother William, and Williamís family.
Jamesí will allow the determination of the correct William Allison. However, there are two William Allisonís in Augusta County at that time. I know the correct William and family from Jamesí will, the correct Jane Allison his wife is still undetermined. One of the Williams is married to Jane Martin and the other to Jean Young. Children of William and Jane or Jean are John Y. Allison, James Allison, Jane Allison Brown, Ann Allison, Sally (Polly) Allison. Also from Williamís will he names a granddaughter Eliza Lowry, I assume that Ann or Sally is married to a Lowry and had a daughter named Eliza. One might conclude that the middle initial Y. of son John is for Young. However, the determination of the correct wife needs additional work.
Does anyone have additional information on this line of James and William Allison?
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