Note: Truby was born in Bucks County, PA in 1736 and died in Greensburg, Westmoreland County in 1802. He moved his family west in about 1771, where he took his place in the civil and military life of Westmoreland County. He was my 6th great grandfather.
In HISTORY OF TRUBY-GRAFF AND AFFILIATED FAMILIES by Mary Truby Graff (1941), she proposes that Christopher Truby (1736-1802) was a colonial officer in the 44th Regiment of Regulars who marched with Braddock--defeated by the French and the Native American forces on the Monongehela River 250 years ago today. Has anyone researched this at all, or definitively, beyond Mrs. Graff's work of more than 60 years ago? Note her section on this, copied below. I've placed her footnotes in brackets.
My questions have do to with Truby's age (only 19 in 1755!) and with the 44th Regiment of Foot being British Regulars--this from a preliminary internet search--and not composed of Pennsylvania recruits. However, from the website noted below, "The two regiments were each 500 strong, having been recruited to that figure by drafts from other regiments serving in Ireland, and were ordered to be brought up to 700 effectives by provincial enlistment." AND note this sentence: "Captain Treby, of the 44th, was wounded and unable to move, when a volunteer serving with the Regiment, named Farrel, afterwards a captain in the 62nd Regiment, knowing the peril in which he stood of scalping from the Indians, placed him on his back and carried him to safety some distance from the field of battle." See http://44thregiment.itgo.com/history.html
HISTORY OF TRUBY-GRAFF AND AFFILIATED FAMILIES:
In the History of an Expedition Against Fort Duquesne in 1755, under Major General Edward Braddock, edited from the original manuscript by Winthrop Sargent, Philadelphia, for the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, published in 1856, (pp.360-361), is a list of the officer of the 44th Regiment in 1755, among whom is named Lieutenant Treeby,[Footnote 13: Orme uses the name Truby] wounded.
On page 243 of the same publication, we find the following: “When the retreat was sounded, Captain Treeby of the 44th, lay writhing on the ground, so desperately wounded, as to be unable even to crawl beneath the shelter of the nearest bushes.”
These references given to the writer on September 11, 1928, by W. A. Slade, Chief Biographer at the Library of Congress, Washington, D. C., were followed by his remark, "We have not found his place of residence."
Spark's Writings of Washington, Volume II, page 187, says: "Capain Orme (Footnote 14: Orme’s letter is in the Historical Society building in Philadelphia (1300 Locust Street)among "Penn's Manuscripts," Original Indian Affairs, Vol. IV, page 8] gives a complete list of General Braddock's staff and the commissioned officers of the 44th and 48th Regiments of Regulars, and the British Troops who participated in the engagement."
Hon. J. C. Ruppental gives a list of family names to be found only in the State of Pennsylvania in the early days; among them are "Truby, Bowman and Stauffer."
The British Museum does not have in its possession a list of General Braddock's twelve hundred troops, nor is the Library of Congress able to supply a complete list of the fourteen hundred Provincials who participated in the Battle at Braddock's Field. Inquiry was also made at Richmond, Virginia, but in vain.
Found in Colonial Records, Vol. VI, p. 440: "In the 44th Regiment, under Colonel Peter Halket, Lieutenant Freeby,[Footnote 15: In the old German script, their T is written like our F and their e, like our u. Orme's letter is authentic] wounded, July 9, 1755."
Pennsylvania Archives, Ser. V, Vol. I, p. 32: "Lieutenant Trilby, wounded, July 9, 1755; under Sir Peter Halket, Colonel in the 44th Regiment."
Pennsylvania Archives, Ser. V, Vol. I, p. 35: "Lieutenant Treeby, wounded, July 9, 1755; under Colonel Sir Peter Halket, 44th Regiment."
There is every reason to believe that this Lieutenant Truby is our John Christopher Truby (so baptized); General Orme in his letter names among the Officers, a Lieutenant Truby. [Footnote 16: The name Truby was frequently spelled with an e in those days and even as late as 1794 Judge Addison of Allegheny County, in his "Report Charges," page 229, published in 1800, speaks of Chief Justice Treby of Westmoreland County.]
The letter was dictated by him, severely wounded, after the Battle. Our John Christopher Truby was twenty years old and we have record showing how the officers were slaughtered right and left and others took their places, promoted on the spot for the time being.
The Germanizing of proper names in Pennsylvania was very confusing. Orme distinctly spells the name Truby and the name Truby was found only in Pennsylvania in those days; besides Congress Hall, Washington, D. C., remarks: "We have never found his place of residence."
Why not? Because there was no one by that name; neither has the name Freeby or Trilby (erroneously recorded) ever been found. These were undoubtedly one and the same man. Truby seems to have the undis¬puted right to this honor.
In September of the following year, we find Truby helping to support his widowed mother and six minor children and trying to gain possession of their father's estate through the Courts. Partial redress was made in September of 1759; and we next find him in 1760 in service at Bedford, with his younger brother John Truby. Again in 1763 we see Ensign Christopher Truby under Captain Jacob Wetterholt at the time of his death, October 9, of that year, being killed by the Indians in a raid on John Stenton's house.
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